Motion for a resolution - B9-0052/2020Motion for a resolution

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the situation in Venezuela

13.1.2020 - (2020/2507(RSP))

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure

Reinhard Bütikofer
on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

Procedure : 2020/2507(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela


The European Parliament,

 having regard to the declaration of 9 January 2020 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), Josep Borrell, on behalf of the EU on the latest developments in Venezuela,

 having regard to the statement of 9 January 2020 by the International Contact Group on Venezuela, issued by the European External Action Service (EEAS),

 having regard to Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular those of 8 February 2018[1], of 3 May 2018[2], of 5 July 2018[3], of 25 October 2018[4], of 31 January 2019[5], of 28 March 2019[6], and of 18 July 2019[7],

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the chaotic incidents of 5 January 2020 surrounding the election of the new board of directors of the National Assembly of Venezuela raise serious concerns over the institutional viability and responsible governability of the country by all actors involved;

B. whereas on 5 January 2020, according to international observers and media, the still-acting President of the Assembly, Juan Guaidó, was prevented from entering the premises of the Venezuelan Assembly for his re-election, as he wanted to access the premises accompanied by Members suspended from the Assembly;

C. whereas Members of the National Assembly must be able to exercise their parliamentary mandate, as received from the Venezuelan people, free of any form of intimidation or reprisal;

D. whereas the election that was held in the National Assembly, where Luis Parra won the Presidency for the 2020 Assembly term, coupled with the re-election that was held in the building of the newspaper El Nacional of Juan Guaidó for the same position, meant that there were two Presidents of the Assembly; whereas serious doubts have been cast as regards the legitimacy of both election processes, as a number of irregularities and instances of intimidation took place, not to mention the fact that the alleged numbers of voters do not match up, which further compounds an already disastrous situation;

E. whereas both presidents belonged to the same political block of opposition parties, until Luis Parra was suspended by Primero Justicia in December 2019 for alleged corruption and Juan Guaidó decided to leave Voluntad Popular after the incidents of 5 January 2020;

F. whereas chaotic scenes of declarations, accusations and politicians being discredited continued over the course of the following days; whereas there is a serious need to overcome the chaos and find a negotiated solution to the current situation, as there is a risk of further institutional instability following the incidents surrounding the election of the 2020 President of the Venezuelan Assembly, in addition to the risk of a further lack of trust worldwide in the institutional viability of Venezuela;

G. whereas any solution to this deep and multifaceted conflict must be found within the framework of the rule of law, be in accordance with international standards and fully respect democracy and human rights;

H. whereas further destabilisation of the Venezuelan institutions by more self-declarations and similar acts run a serious risk of fuelling the already incendiary situation and even civil war, and could produce spill-over effects beyond Venezuela,  not least given the increased number of migrants fleeing to neighbouring countries;

I. whereas the role of the EU should be to continue to offer mediation between all actors involved in the conflict within the country, a role it can usefully play given the close connection between several Member States and Venezuela;

1. Expresses its deep concern over the deteriorating situation and further institutional destabilisation caused by the behaviour of all actors involved in the 2020 election process of the President of the Venezuelan Assembly;

2. Requests a full clarification of the incidents and the democratic appropriateness of the actions of all persons and institutions involved;

3. Asks all actors involved to put the stable future of the country over their own personal career considerations and to resolve the conflict around the Assembly leadership, which has split both the Assembly and the opposition;

4. Underlines the urgent need to strive for institutional stability, with clear procedures in place, and asks all actors involved to avoid any action that could increase mistrust in the viability of Venezuela’s institutions make the Venezuelan population politically disengaged or provoke violence;

5. Underlines the fact that any ultimate solution to the crisis will require the rebuilding of democracy in all its dimensions in Venezuela; reiterates that violence will not bring about peace, but will further destabilise the country;

6. Insists on the need for the Venezuelan authorities to respect freedom of expression and the right to peaceful assembly; calls on all actors to renounce the use of excessive, disproportionate and indiscriminate force, which is clearly and unequivocally prohibited under international law;

7. Stresses the importance of the self-determination of the Venezuelan people and the importance of a genuine expression of their democratic will; calls on political leaders to refrain from any action or call that could fuel further unrest and political instability;

8. Shares the view expressed by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, in her address to the UN Human Rights Council of 5 July 2019, that ‘the only way out of this crisis is to come together, in dialogue’;

9. Raises the alarm about the potential risk of the violence and unrest in Venezuela spilling over into neighbouring countries, and the risk of it ultimately leading to war in the region; urges all actors, including those from the international community, to explicitly exclude any non-peaceful, military solution of the crisis, including low-intensity warfare;

10. Insists that double standards with respect to third countries should be avoided and that the EU and its Member States should be consistent in their positions towards third countries; recalls the importance of a unified EU response as the basis for a strong and more credible EU position;

11. Underlines the fact that the EU stands ready to mediate and support the move towards stabilising the country and that it rules out any use of violence and an international military intervention;

12. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Government and authorities of Venezuela and the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly.


Last updated: 14 January 2020
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