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Nós Imeachta : 2020/2665(RSP)
Céimeanna an doiciméid sa chruinniú iomlánach
An doiciméad roghnaithe : B9-0176/2020

Téacsanna arna gcur síos :

B9-0176/2020

Díospóireachtaí :

PV 18/06/2020 - 3
CRE 18/06/2020 - 3

Vótaí :

Téacsanna arna nglacadh :

P9_TA(2020)0174

<Date>{10/06/2020}10.6.2020</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0176/2020</NoDocSe>
PDF 141kWORD 48k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on the PRC national security law for Hong Kong and the need for the EU to defend Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy</Titre>

<DocRef>(2020/2665(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Michael Gahler, Miriam Lexmann, Sandra Kalniete</Depute>

<Commission>{PPE}on behalf of the PPE Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0169/2020

B9‑0176/2020

European Parliament resolution on the PRC national security law for Hong Kong and the need for the EU to defend Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy

(2020/2665(RSP))

The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Hong Kong, in particular that of 18 July 2019[1],

 having regard to its recommendation of 13 December 2017 to the Council, the Commission and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on Hong Kong, 20 years after handover[2], 

 having regard to the declarations by the VP/HR on behalf of the European Union of 22 May 2020 on the announcement by China’s National People’s Congress spokesperson regarding Hong Kong and of 29 May 2020 on Hong Kong,

 having regard to the statement from UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne, Canadian Foreign Minister François-Philippe Champagne, and US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo on Hong Kong of 28 May 2020,

 having regard to the joint statement of the 21st EU-China summit of 9 April 2019,

 having regard to the Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong adopted on 4 April 1990, which entered into force on 1 July 1997,

 having regard to the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Question of Hong Kong of 19 December 1984, also known as the Sino-British Joint Declaration,

 having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966,

 having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas on 28 May 2020 the third session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC) adopted a resolution entitled ‘Draft Decision on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to Safeguard National Security’;

B. whereas the resolution authorises the NPC Standing Committee to adopt legislation targeting separatism, subversion of state power, terrorism and foreign interference in Hong Kong;

C. whereas the resolution mentions other measures to be taken, including national security education, the establishment of national security organs of the Central People’s Government (CPG) in Hong Kong and regular reporting by the Chief Executive to the CPG on Hong Kong’s performance with respect to its duty to safeguard national security;

D. whereas after being inserted into Annex III of the Basic Law, the legislation will be applied in Hong Kong through promulgation, which means effected by way of a legal notice in the Gazette issued by the Chief Executive;

E. whereas the Chief Executive has appealed to the citizens of Hong Kong in a letter published in newspapers on 29 May 2020 for their full understanding and staunch support for the Decision passed by the NPC, stating that the legislation safeguards national security, aims to enable society to find a way out of the impasse and restore stability as soon as possible, and also to resume development of the economy and livelihoods;

F. whereas the EU has expressed grave concern at the steps taken by China on 28 May 2020, which are not in conformity with its international commitments, the Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law, and has stated that this risks seriously undermining the ‘One Country Two Systems’ principle and the high degree of autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region;

G. whereas over 800 political leaders worldwide issued a joint statement expressing grave concerns about the unilateral introduction of national security legislation by Beijing in Hong Kong, which they decried as a comprehensive assault on the city’s autonomy, rule of law and fundamental freedoms, as well the integrity of the ‘One Country Two Systems’ principle;

H. whereas the European Union has a strong stake in the continued stability and prosperity of Hong Kong under the ‘One Country Two Systems’ principle and attaches great importance to the preservation of Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy, in line with the Basic Law and with international commitments, as well as to respect for that principle;

I. whereas the Basic Law lays down provisions guaranteeing protection for human rights and individual freedoms; whereas Article 27 of the Basic Law guarantees freedom of speech, of the press and publication, and of association, assembly, procession and demonstration;

J. whereas on 20 April 2020 Members of the European Parliament urged the Chief Executive to ensure that charges against 15 pro-democracy activists who participated in peaceful protests in Hong Kong in 2019 were dropped; whereas on 13 May 2020 United Nations human rights experts urged the authorities of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to immediately drop the criminal prosecution of the 15 pro-democracy activists;

K. whereas according to Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU): ‘The Union’s action on the international scene shall be guided by the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement, and which it seeks to advance in the wider world: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity, and respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law’ and ‘The Union shall define and pursue common policies and actions, and shall work for a high degree of cooperation in all fields of international relations, in order to [...] consolidate and support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and the principles of international law’;

L. whereas UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab stated on 2 June 2020 in the House of Commons that if China follows through with its proposed legislation, the government will put in place new arrangements to allow British National Overseas passport holders in Hong Kong to come to the United Kingdom without the current six-month limit, enabling them to live and apply to study and work for extendable periods of 12 months, thereby also providing a pathway to citizenship;

1. Deplores the adoption by the NPC on 28 May 2020 of a resolution for a National Security Law to be applied in Hong Kong; stresses that the unilateral introduction of national security legislation by China in Hong Kong offends its autonomy, the rule of law, fundamental freedoms and international agreements;

2. Calls on the Chinese authorities to respect China’s international obligations under the Sino-British Joint Declaration; stresses that China should fully respect the Basic Law and the ‘One Country Two Systems’ principle; underlines that China should not undermine the high degree of autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; calls on the Chinese authorities to withdraw the National Security Law;

3. Underlines that during the EU-China summit of 9 April 2019, China agreed to support the peaceful settlement of regional disputes and conflicts through dialogue and consultation; calls on the VP/HR to raise the issue of the National Security Law with the Chinese authorities without delay;

4. Calls on the Council, the Commission and the VP/HR to defend Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy and to underline the EU’s commitment to strengthening democracy, including the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary, fundamental freedoms and rights, transparency, and freedom of information and expression in Hong Kong;

5. Calls on the authorities of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to ensure that the charges against the 15 pro-democracy activists and politicians, as well as peaceful demonstrators, are dropped and the prosecution is stopped;

6. Calls on the Hong Kong authorities to ensure that the Legislative Council elections in September 2020 are conducted in a free, fair and transparent manner;

7. Stresses that the Basic Law guarantees the people of Hong Kong freedom of speech, of the press and publication, and of association, assembly, procession and demonstration; calls on the authorities in Hong Kong and China to ensure the protection of human rights and the freedoms enshrined in the Basic Law for all citizens;

8. Strongly denounces the constant and increasing interference by China in Hong Kong’s internal affairs, as well as the recent assertion by China that the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 is a historical document, and hence is no longer valid; stresses that the Chinese Government is bound by the Joint Declaration, which was registered with the UN as a legally binding treaty, to uphold Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy and its rights and freedoms;

9. Calls on the Council and the VP/HR to support the creation of a UN Special Rapporteur and/or Envoy on Hong Kong to monitor the state of autonomy, the rule of law, fundamental freedoms and the implementation of international agreements in relation to Hong Kong;

10. Calls on the Council and the VP/HR to work with the international community to establish an international contact group on Hong Kong;

11. Calls on the Council and the Commission to consider the creation of a ‘life boat’ scheme for the citizens of Hong Kong in the case of any further deterioration of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

12. Supports the swift conclusion of negotiations on the EU’s Global Sanctions Regime, and calls on the Council to use the mechanism to sanction individuals, groups or entities responsible for human rights violations in Hong Kong;

13. Urges the EU, pursuant to Article 21 of the TEU, to include a human rights clause in any future trade agreement with the People’s Republic of China;

14. Strongly urges the Council and the VP/HR to ensure that all aspects of EU relations with the People’s Republic of China are guided by principles and values stipulated in Article 21 of the TEU, and to ensure that there is an honest discussion with the People’s Republic of China on Hong Kong and other human rights issues, such as the situation of the Uyghurs, at the upcoming EU-China Summit;

15. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Government and Parliament of the People’s Republic of China, and the Chief Executive and the Assembly of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

[1] Texts adopted, P9_TA(2019)0004.

[2] OJ C 369, 11.10.2018, p. 156.

An nuashonrú is déanaí: 11 Meitheamh 2020Fógra dlíthiúil - Beartas príobháideachais