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<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 143 of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>

<Titre>on EU humanitarian aid to the Polisario Front</Titre>

<Depute>Dominique Bilde, Bernhard Zimniok, Gianna Gancia</Depute>


Motion for a European Parliament resolution on EU humanitarian aid to the Polisario Front

The European Parliament,

 having regard to Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union,

 having regard to Article 214 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to Rule 143 of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the Polisario Front (‘Polisario’) was founded in 1973 and has established its base in Tindouf Province, Algeria, where it runs a number of refugee camps;

B. whereas a report from the European Union’s Anti-Fraud Office, published in 2015, found that EU humanitarian aid granted to Polisario[1], which totalled EUR 105 million between 1994 and 2004[2], had been misappropriated for purposes such as arms purchases;

C. whereas Algeria is said to have levied a 5 % tax on this aid[3] and reportedly denied the requests that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees filed in 1977, 2003, 2005 and 2015 to carry out a census of the refugee population[4];

1. Calls on the European Union to work together with the United Nations to oversee a census of the refugees in the Tindouf camps, with the cooperation of the Algerian authorities;

2. Calls on the European Union to audit Polisario’s use of EU humanitarian aid since 2015.


[1] ‘In 2015 Agence France-Presse (AFP) first reported that it had obtained the above-mentioned report which covered a four-year investigation (2003-2007) by the European Union's Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) documenting “well-organised, years-long” embezzlement by the Polisario Front of humanitarian aid designated for Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps.’ https://eutoday.net/news/politics/2020/tindouf-camps-in-algeria

[3] ‘This was confirmed in a hearing in the European Parliament’s budgetary control committee in July 2015, an official mentioned that Algeria imposes taxes of 5% of the then annual €10 million in humanitarian aid to the Tindouf Camps’, https://eutoday.net/news/politics/2020/tindouf-camps-in-algeria

[4] ‘Both Algeria and Polisario have consistently opposed any census in the Tindouf camps despite formal requests by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, in 1977, 2003, 2005 and 2015’, https://eutoday.net/news/politics/2020/tindouf-camps-in-algeria

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