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Propuesta de resolución - B9-0379/2020Propuesta de resolución
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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the deteriorating situation of human rights in Algeria, in particular the case of journalist Khaled Drareni

24.11.2020 - (2020/2880(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure

Anna Fotyga, Karol Karski, Witold Jan Waszczykowski, Charlie Weimers, Raffaele Fitto, Assita Kanko, Ryszard Czarnecki, Adam Bielan, Bogdan Rzońca, Elżbieta Kruk, Alexandr Vondra, Joanna Kopcińska, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Emmanouil Fragkos, Valdemar Tomaševski, Elżbieta Rafalska, Veronika Vrecionová, Jan Zahradil, Eugen Jurzyca
on behalf of the ECR Group

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0375/2020

Procedimiento : 2020/2880(RSP)
Ciclo de vida en sesión
Ciclo relativo al documento :  
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European Parliament resolution on the deteriorating situation of human rights in Algeria, in particular the case of journalist Khaled Drareni


The European Parliament,


  having regard to its previous resolutions on Algeria,


  having regard to the EU-Algeria Association Agreement, which entered into force on 1 September 2005,


  having regard to the 11th session of the EU-Algeria Association Council held in Brussels on 14 May 2018,


  having regard to the EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders of 2008,


  having regard to the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP),


  having regard to Articles 18 and 22 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,


  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and the UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief,


  having regard to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights,


  having regard to Articles 34, 37 and 51 of the Constitution of Algeria,


  having regard to Rule 144 of its Rules of Procedure,



  1. whereas the European Union and Algeria have a long-standing partnership within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP);


  1. whereas since 2019, Algeria has been marked by protests calling for government reforms, which lead to the resignation of long-serving President Abdelaziz Bouteflika and a disruptive period of political transition in the country;


  1. whereas despite former President Bouteflika’s departure and the election of President Abdelmadjid Tebboune, accusations of leaders of widespread corruption and state repression have persisted and calls for sweeping government reforms;


  1. whereas in March 2020, the Algerian government banned street protests arguing the ban was in place to combat the spread of Covid-19; whereas human rights groups have accused the Algerian authorities of exploiting the pandemic to crack down on dissent;


  1. whereas Algerians voted in favour of a referendum setting term limits for the President to two terms, new freedoms and several demands by pro-democracy protesters; whereas at the same time, government opponents were barred from campaign venues or from expressing their views on public television or radio; whereas, as a consequence, critics called for the boycott of the referendum, which resulted in the lowest turnout ever seen in the country; whereas the opposition views the changes as minor and cosmetic in order for the ruling forces to hold on to power;


  1. whereas one on the new measures introduced by the government allows the Algerian military to intervene abroad, in U.N. or African Union peacekeeping operations, which represents a  major change from the current doctrine of non-interference;


  1. whereas the Algerian judiciary has stepped up prosecutions and convictions of journalists, activists, political opponents and bloggers;


  1. whereas the EEAS 2019 Human Rights report stated that restrictions on freedom of expression and limitations imposed on journalists continued, including the censorship of the internet and TV programmes and the detention and harassment of journalists and media managers;


  1. whereas Algeria ranked 141st on the World Press Freedom Index by Reporters without Borders in 2019, down from 136th place in 2018; 


  1. whereas Khaled Drareni, an Algerian journalist working for Reporters Without Borders and the French network TV5 Monde, was arrested on 29 March 2020 on charges of “inciting a unarmed gathering” and “endangering national unity” after covering anti-government demonstrations by the Hirak protest movement; 


  1. whereas in August 2020, Khaled Drareni was sentenced to three years in prison; whereas in September 2020, an appeals court reduced it to two years;


  1. whereas two figures of the Hirak protest movement, Samir Benlarbi and Slimane Hamitouche, were also tried with Khaled Drareni; whereas they faced the same charges, they were sentenced to four months in prison and released on time served;


  1. whereas in April the government passed a law banning what it deems as "fake news", "undermining public order and security" or "state security and national unity” , penalising such offences, through an amendment to the criminal code, with up to five years in prison;
  2. whereas several journalists have been arrested since the new government took power; whereas authorities have introduced jail terms for charges such as disinformation, false news, or insulting the president;


  1. whereas the Algerian Constitution enshrines fundamental freedoms, including freedom of association, further defined by law 12-06; whereas the law requires every association, including those that had already successfully registered, to re–register and obtain a registration receipt from the Interior Ministry before they can operate legally;


  1. whereas promoting and protecting freedom of religion or belief is one of the key priorities of the EU’s human rights policy, includes the principle of non-discrimination and equal protection for people holding non-theistic or atheistic beliefs;


  1. whereas the Protestant Association of Algeria (Église protestante d'Algérie - EPA) was granted official recognition as a religious association in 1974 and applied for re-registration in 2013; whereas in spite of meeting all legal requirements until now has not received any response to their application and therefore lacks official legal status;


  1. whereas pressure on churches has increased significantly since late 2017; whereas 20 churches affiliated with EPA have been ordered to close and 13 of these were forcibly closed; whereas on 21 October 2019 the Minister of Interior threatened to close all churches in Algeria under the umbrella of the EPA;


  1. whereas while churches have been ordered to be closed, Muslim places of worship have been granted to reopen, which classifies as discrimination according to articles 37 and 51 of the new constitution;


  1. whereas Ordinance 06-03 states that religious associations of non-Muslims are protected by the state and the National Commission will ensure respect for the exercise of worship; whereas the Ordinance prohibits proselytizing among Muslims on behalf of other faiths (Article 11) and the dissemination of materials, which contradicts the principle of freedom of religion and belief;


  1. whereas authorities are prosecuting Ahmadis under the charges of participation in an unauthorized association;




  1. Underlines the importance of EU-Algeria relations and regards Algeria as an important neighbour and partner; stresses its solidarity with the Algerian people; remains committed to support the country in its process of building democratic and accountable government institutions which respect and defend human rights; 


  1. Expresses concern at the ongoing restrictions on fundamental rights and freedom of expression in Algeria, including the harassment of human rights defenders and journalists and the shutting down of social media accounts and websites;


  1. Calls on the Algerian authorities to guarantee the right to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, and to take appropriate steps to fight corruption; urges the Algerian authorities to ensure the safety and security of civil society activists, journalists and human rights defenders and that they have the freedom to pursue their legitimate and peaceful activities;


  1. Expresses grave concern about the sentencing of Khaled Drareni and calls on the authorities to urgently consider to overturn his sentence and release him from prison;


  1. Encourages the Algerian government to revise the Law of Associations (12-06) to further bring it line with the Constitution and international human rights obligations;


  1. Reminds the Algerian authorities of their obligations to protect freedom of religion or belief and reaffirms that this is a universal human right; strongly condemns all forms of violence, intimidation and discrimination that impair the right to have or not to have, or to adopt, a religion of one’s choice;


  1. Urges the Algerian government to ensure that the relevant administrative authority will issue a registration receipt without delay to non-Muslim religious associations who applied for re-registration;


  1. Calls for a stop to violations against the freedom of Christians, Ahmadis and other religious minorities to worship; calls for all cases, charges and sentences against religious minorities on account of their beliefs be dropped;


  1. Calls for the re-opening of all Protestant churches and reminds the Algerian government that Ordinance 06-03 guarantees the free exercise of worship; encourages the Algerian government to revise Ordinance 06-03 to further bring it line with the Constitution and with its international human rights obligations, namely Article 18 of the ICCPR on freedom of religion and belief;


  1. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States and the Government and Parliament of Algeria.



Última actualización: 24 de noviembre de 2020
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