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Propuesta de resolución - B9-0439/2020Propuesta de resolución
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MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on Iran, in particular the case of 2012 Sakharov Prize laureate Nasrin Sotoudeh

15.12.2020 - (2020/2914(RSP))

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure

Cornelia Ernst, Malin Björk, Nikolaj Villumsen
on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

Procedimiento : 2020/2914(RSP)
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European Parliament resolution on Iran, in particular the case of 2012 Sakharov Prize laureate Nasrin Sotoudeh


The European Parliament,


-  having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, in particular European Parliament resolution of 25 October 2016 on the EU strategy towards Iran after the nuclear agreement (2015/2274(INI));


  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

-  having regard to the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to which Iran is a party,


-  having regard to the UN’s Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment of 1988,


-  having regard to the UN’s Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the ‘Nelson Mandela Rules’) of 2015,


-  having regard to the Iranian President’s Charter on Citizens’ Rights


-  having regard UN Security Council Resolution 2231


-  having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,


  1. Whereas the prominent human rights lawyer and Sakharov price winner Nasrin Sotoudeh, was arrested in June 2018, after she started representing women who had taken off their headscarves in public to protest compulsory hijab laws: whereas in March 2019, the court sentenced her on multiple vaguely defined national security charges that would add up to thirty-eight years in prison if served consecutively; whereas the minimum time Sotoudeh must serve is twelve years: whereas Sotoudeh’s sentence is one of the longest the Iranian judiciary has handed down for a human rights defender in recent years and is part of a broader pattern of escalating charges against human rights defenders and an increase in the length of their sentences:


  1. whereas  Nasrin Sotoudeh has been on a hunger strike in Evin prison for almost a month in order to demand the release of the country’s political prisoners with the aim to draw attention to the perilous situation of prisoners in Iran at a time when intensified US sanctions and tensions with Iran — in addition to the coronavirus pandemic — have largely overshadowed the plight of political prisoners in Iran;


  1. Whereas Nasrin Sotoudeh, having tested positive for COVID-19, was released on 18 September 2020 along with ten other political prisoners; whereas Nasrin Sotoudeh has been ordered back into prison less than a month following her temporary release as her health deteriorated;
  2. whereas EU-Iranian dual nationals continue to be arrested, with releases never fully granted like in the case of Farida Adelkhah, and with arrest followed by prolonged solitary confinement and interrogations, with lack of due process, lack of a fair trial and long prison sentences based on vague or unspecified ‘national security’ and ‘espionage’ charges; whereas Iran does not recognise dual nationality, thereby limiting the access foreign embassies have to their dual nationals held there;


  1. whereas Dr Ahmad Djalali, a Swedish-Iranian disaster medicine expert who taught at universities in Belgium and Sweden, was sentenced to death on charges of “cooperation with a hostile government”; whereas on November 24 2020, Djalali was transferred to solitary confinement in the notorious Evin prison and was informed that he would face capital punishment soon;


  1. Whereas Iranian authorities have executed at least three people on allegations of killing security forces during the widespread protests without investigating serious allegations of them being tortured in detention, and several other people remain on death row on charges related to the protests;  whereas after more than a year since the mass anti-government in November of 2019, Iranian officials have failed to conduct any transparent investigation into serious violations committed by security forces including use of excessive and lethal force against protestors and have not hold anyone accountable;


  1. whereas Iran is the country with the highest number of coronavirus casualties in the Middle East; whereas Iran has officially reported more than 50,000 deaths from the coronavirus out of more than a million confirmed cases; whereas the health, economic and social situation in Iran has been aggravated by the severe sanctions imposed by the US;




  1. Expresses deep concern that Nasrin Sotoudeh's life is at risk and urges the authorities to immediately release her and grant her the possibility of recuperating at home before undergoing the medical treatment of her choice;


  1. Urgently calls on the Iranian authorities to withdraw the death sentence against Ahmadreza Djalali and to ensure that he can get access to prompt and appropriate medical care;


  1. Condemns the murder of the Iranian scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh as a criminal act  and expresses its sincere condolences to his family; coming shortly after the assassination of Qassem Soleimani earlier this year, the killing of a scientist is another provocation resulting in increased regional tensions;  reminds the regional actors that assassinations, sabotage, sanctions and military confrontation have all accelerated the path to war as well as resulted in an expanding Iranian nuclear program;


  1. Notes with deep concern Iran the severe shortages of all capacities to fight the COVID-19, such as personal protective equipment and medicine that could help in fighting COVID-19; stresses that by the continued imposition of sanctions the Trump administration bears a high responsibility for the shortage of essential medical and pharmaceutical equipment and supplies in Iran, endangering life and  health of Iranian people;


  1. Notes the humanitarian assistance provided by the EU, but insists on further efforts of the EU and the Member States to defend against the extraterritorial sanctions of the US in order to help Iran to overcome the severe social crisis resulting from the double challenge of US sanctions and the pandemic; urgently calls on the Member States to double the efforts to make  INSTEX fully operational and effective; calls on the EU Member States to facilitate COVID-19 assistance to Iran from global institutions like the World Bank;


  1. Expressed deep concern at the situation of human rights defenders, trade unionists and labour activists, lawyers and political prisoners held in Iran's prisons and urgently calls on the authorities to release them in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic;


  1. Urges the Islamic Republic of Iran to end widespread and serious restrictions on the right to freedom of expression, opinion, association and peaceful assembly, both online and offline, including by ending the harassment, intimidation and persecution of political opponents, human rights defenders, women’s and minority rights activists, labour activists, students’ rights activists, academics, film-makers, journalists, bloggers, social media users and social media page administrators, media workers, artists, lawyers and persons belonging to recognized and unrecognized religious minorities and their families;


  1. Calls on the Iranian judiciary system to enforce the law ratified on 11 May 2020 by the Iranian parliament to reduce the prison sentences of political prisoners;


  1. Deeply regrets the lack of progress made in the cases regarding EU-Iranian dual nationals detained in Iran; demands the immediate and unconditional release of all EU-Iranian dual nationals, unless they are retried in accordance with international standards; underlines that EU citizens’ security and protection of their fundamental rights are of the highest importance for the EU;


  1. Notes the advances made by Iranian women in the fields of education, science and research, exemplified by the fact that the majority of students in Iranian universities are female; urges the Islamic Republic of Iran to eliminate, in law and in practice, all forms of discrimination and other human rights violations against women and girls; expresses its sympathy and strongly supports the Iranian women and human rights defenders who keep on defending human rights despite the difficulties and personal repercussions they are facing; welcomes the new long-awaited draft law on violence against women that offers limited protections for survivors of domestic violence, however deplores that the bill falls short of international standards and calls on the parliament to address these shortcomings;



  1. Condemns the execution of the journalist Ruhollah Zam who has been accused of inciting the 2017-18 protests;


  1. Expresses serious concern at the alarmingly high frequency of the imposition and carrying-out of the death penalty by the Islamic Republic of Iran, in violation of its international obligations, including the imposition of the death penalty against minors and persons who at the time of their offence were under the age of 18; reiterates the European Union’s strong, principled and long-standing opposition to the death penalty in all cases and under all circumstances, sees it as a major objective within the political dialogue between the EU and Iran to reduce the application of the death penalty; calls for an immediate moratorium on the carrying out of death sentences in Iran;


  1. Welcomes the amendments to the drug-trafficking law, which has reduced the imposition of capital punishments, but stresses that this is insufficient; calls on the Iranian authorities to introduce an immediate moratorium on the use of the death penalty as a step towards abolition; calls for a review of all death sentences to ensure that these trials adhered to international standards;


  1. Notes with deep concern the negative impact of US extraterritorial sanctions on the economic and social situation in Iran, which have seriously hit the banking and manufacturing and affect ordinary Iranians and their enjoyment of their economic and social rights; strongly calls on the president elect Biden to lift these sanctions;


  1. Expresses its continued commitment to working constructively with the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JPCOA); reiterates that universal compliance with the JCPOA is as important as the lifting of the unilaterally imposed U.S. sanctions, for which there is no justification under international law;


  1. Calls on the EU to work with the President-elect Biden to revive the JCPOA in all its aspects before the presidential elections in Iran, to end the policy of maximum pressure on Iran, including by ending the sanction’s policy  and establishing dialogue with the aim of overcoming decades of mistrust and taking the dual threats of war and an Iranian nuclear weapon off the table;


  1. Expresses concern at the growing militarisation in the wider region which endangers the right to life for all the people in the region; calls on all states of the region, in particular Iran, Saudi-Arabia, Turkey and Israel,  to refrain from fuelling conflicts, mistrust and adversary action and calls for  efforts towards regional reconciliation, arms control and disarmament;


  1. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the government and parliament of Iran, the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and the EEAS.



Última actualización: 15 de diciembre de 2020
Aviso jurídico - Política de privacidad