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Proposition de résolution - B9-0068/2021Proposition de résolution
B9-0068/2021
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    MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the crackdown on the democratic opposition in Hong Kong

    19.1.2021 - (2021/2505(RSP))

    with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
    pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure

    Nathalie Loiseau, Svenja Hahn, Abir Al‑Sahlani, Barry Andrews, Petras Auštrevičius, José Ramón Bauzá Díaz, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Olivier Chastel, Katalin Cseh, Engin Eroglu, Klemen Grošelj, Bernard Guetta, Karin Karlsbro, Moritz Körner, Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Javier Nart, Urmas Paet, Samira Rafaela, Frédérique Ries, María Soraya Rodríguez Ramos, Nicolae Ştefănuță, Ramona Strugariu, Dragoş Tudorache, Hilde Vautmans, Marie‑Pierre Vedrenne
    on behalf of the Renew Group

    See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0068/2021

    NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.
    Procédure : 2021/2505(RSP)
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    B9‑0068/2021

    European Parliament resolution on the crackdown on the democratic opposition in Hong Kong

     

    (2021/2505(RSP))

    The European Parliament,

      having regard to its resolution of 17 December 2020 on the situation in Hong Kong, to its resolution of 18 July 2019 and its resolutions of 24 November 2016 on the case of Gui Minhai, jailed publisher in China[2], of 4 February 2016 on the case of the missing book publishers in Hong Kong[3], and to its previous recommendations relating to Hong Kong, in particular the recommendation of 13 December 2017 on Hong Kong, 20 years after handover[4],

      having regard to its previous resolutions on China, in particular those of 12 September 2018[5] and of 16 December 2015[6] on EU-China relations,

      having regard to the adoption on 28 May 2020 of the Chinese National People’s Congress’ resolution on the National Security Law for Hong Kong,

      having regard to the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) adopted on 4 April 1990, which entered into force on 1 July 1997,

      having regard to the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong of 19 December 1984, also known as the Sino-British Joint Declaration,

      having regard to the EU’s ‘One China’ policy,

      having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

      having regard to Rule 132(2) and (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

    1. Whereas 53 people were arrested in Hong Kong on the 6th of January 2021 under the National Security Law. These arrests included the organisers and candidates in last July’s democratic primaries during which over 600,000, (around 8 percent of the Hong Kongers) voted for pro-democracy candidates for the upcoming Legislative Council elections.
    2. Whereas Hong Kong’s Security Minister has declared that those arrested were suspected of trying to paralyze the government, via their plans to use their democratic rights and gain a majority of the seats in the legislature.
    3. Whereas these arrests mark an escalation in repressive tactics and penalise political activity that should be entirely legitimate in a political system that respects basic democratic principles.
    4. Whereas the latest wave of arrests are further proof that the National Security Law is used to stifle political pluralism, human rights and the rule of law in Hong Kong.
    5. Wheres six of the organisers of last year’s primary were charged with “organising subversion” and forty-seven candidates were charged with “participating in subversion” under the National Security Law. Whereas, banks froze HKD $1.6 million related to the 53 individuals.
    6. Whereas Hong Kong’s previously independent judiciary is increasingly coming under attack by the Chinese Communist Party and the state-controlled press. 
    7. Whereas the UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US have all ended extradition treaties with China over its crackdown on Hong Kong.
    8. Whereas internet censorship, mass surveillance and repression of religion have deepened across China.
    9. Whereas prominent critics, human rights defenders and journalists have been jailed, disappeared or forced into exile, many accused of “inciting subversion” or “picking quarrels and provoking trouble”, a common charged levelled against dissidents and activists.
    10. Whereas Human Rights Watch’ annual report states that China is in the midst of its darkest period for human rights since the Tiananmen Square massacre.

     

    1. Strongly condemns the arrests of 55 Hong Kongers for standing in and organising elections; Stresses that this is an unprecedented crackdown on human rights and fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong under the National Security Law and a breach of China’s commitments under the Sino-British Joint Declaration; Condemns the sentencing of 10 Hong Kong activists in Shenzhen in December and urges the Council to continue to call for their release back to Hong Kong;
    2. Calls for the immediate release of those arrested and urges the authorities to respect Hong Kong’s rule of law, human rights, democratic principles and high degree of autonomy under the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ principle, as enshrined in the Hong Kong Basic Law and in line with domestic and international obligations”;
    3. Urges the Council and the EEAS to adopt a stronger position supporting Hong Kong’s legal autonomy to show that the EU will stand by its founding values of freedom, democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law;
    4. Calls on the Council and Commission to finally start implementing the measures that were agreed in July 2020 for Hong Kong, notably a timeline for the creation of a 'lifeboat scheme' for citizens of Hong Kong following the further deterioration of human rights and fundamental freedoms;
    5. Strongly urges the Council to use the "European Magnitsky Act" against Chinese and Hong Kong officials, including Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam, who are guilty of human rights violations against Hong Kongers. Stresses that the European Magnitsky Act should also be applied as soon as possible to address the violations against the Uyghurs, Tibetans, and other religious and ethnic minorities within China;
    6. Stresses that China has shown not to respect international agreements, democracy or the rule of law. Calls on the Council members to immediately suspend implementing extradition treaties with China and Hong Kong, to prevent the extradition of Uyghurs, Hong Kongers, Tibetans, Chinese dissidents, and European citizens to stand political trial in China;
    7. Reiterates its concern over the heightened risk for hundreds of thousands of EU citizens in Hong Kong; Calls on the European Commission to conduct a risk assessment on how Hong Kong’s National Security Law could affect European citizens, residents in the EU (including individuals from and/or in China  and Hong Kong) and institutions such as universities, think tanks, NGOs and companies. Urges the Commission to propose measures to minimize its impact;
    8. Is deeply concerned that the unprecedented crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong came just a week after the agreement on the EU-China Investment Agreement; Stresses that the EU is China’s largest export destination; believes that the EU should use its economic leverage to challenge China’s crackdown on human rights by economic means;
    9. Stresses that the EU needs a more binding and enforceable sustainable development chapter in the Investment Agreement and underlines the need for a stronger Chinese commitment to ratify the core ILO conventions on forced labour; urges China to release unjustly detained EU citizens, such as Irish citizen Richard O’Halloran, and considers that such gestures of goodwill could be taken as early indicators of China’s willingness to respect its commitments in the EU-China Investment Agreement on investment and sustainable development;
    10. Stresses that the release of the political prisoners in Hong Kong, the end of the crimes against humanity committed against the Uyghurs, Tibetans, and other religious and ethnic minorities within China is paramount for a sustainable EU-China partnership;
    11. Reiterates that the European Parliament has repeatedly expressed its condemnation of the use of forced labour in China and the human rights violations in Hong Kong. Expects clear and concrete commitments from China towards ending forced labour; stresses that the ratification of the Investments Agreement will depend on a clear, concrete and binding timetable for the ratification by China of relevant ILO conventions, notably on forced labour, and on an end of the crackdown on Hong Kong;
    12. Strongly welcomes the United Kingdom’s decision to fine companies that fail to disclose imports tied to China's Xinjiang region and the US decision to ban imports of cotton and tomato products from Xinjiang. Calls on the Commission to come forward with a similar set of proposals to ensure that European companies are not complicit nor profit from the human rights violations in Xinjang;
    13. Calls on the EU Member States to avoid economic and in particular technological dependency on the People’s Republic of China. Underlines that the companies who provide the (Artificial Intelligence) technologies to facilitate the crackdown in Hong Kong are the same ones that could become responsible for the roll-out of 5G networks in the EU; Calls on the administration of the European Institutions to make sure that no products are used that are produced by Chinese companies which are complicit in human rights violations in Xinjang, Tibet and Hong Kong and to make human rights considerations an important criterion in the procurement rules;
    14. Believes western democracies should closely work together to address the crackdown and cooperate to put pressure on Beijing to ensure that its actions are in line with the country’s international commitments under the 1984 Sino-British Declaration;
    15. Condemns the four years prison sentence imposed on the Chinese citizen journalist Zhang Zhan for reporting about the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, showing that the right of information and free speech are absent under the Chinese Communist regime;
    16. Fully endorses the call by UN experts to urgently convene a Special Session of the Human Rights Council to evaluate the range of violations by China’s government, including against human rights defenders in Hong Kong and in mainland China, and to establish an adequately resourced impartial and independent UN mechanism to closely monitor, analyse, and report annually on that topic;
    17. Calls on the EU to push for the UN Secretary General or the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to appoint a UN Special Envoy or Special Rapporteur on the situation in Hong Kong, joining the initiative by the Chairs of the UK, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand Foreign Affairs Committees;
    18. Calls for the EU, its Member States and the international community to work towards the imposition of appropriate export control mechanisms including cyber surveillance items to deny China, and in particular Hong Kong, access to technologies used to violate basic rights in line with the Dual Use Regulation
    19. Condemns  the role of European based banks in aiding the Chinese authorities use of the National Security Law by the freezing of assets and bank accounts belonging to former pro-democracy lawmakers and religious leaders;
    20. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Government and Parliament of the People’s Republic of China, and the Chief Executive and the Assembly of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

     

     

    Dernière mise à jour: 19 janvier 2021
    Avis juridique - Politique de confidentialité