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Procédure : 2021/2785(RSP)
Cycle de vie en séance
Cycle relatif au document : B9-0395/2021

Textes déposés :

B9-0395/2021

Débats :

PV 08/07/2021 - 9.1
CRE 08/07/2021 - 9.1

Votes :

Textes adoptés :

P9_TA(2021)0355

<Date>{06/07/2021}6.7.2021</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0395/2021</NoDocSe>
PDF 151kWORD 48k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on the case of Ahmadreza Djalali in Iran</Titre>

<DocRef>(2021/2785(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Raffaele Fitto, Anna Fotyga, Karol Karski, Charlie Weimers, Bert‑Jan Ruissen, Elżbieta Kruk, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Adam Bielan, Jan Zahradil, Joanna Kopcińska, Ladislav Ilčić, Hermann Tertsch, Assita Kanko, Valdemar Tomaševski, Ryszard Czarnecki, Elżbieta Rafalska, Alexandr Vondra, Witold Jan Waszczykowski, Bogdan Rzońca</Depute>

<Commission>{ECR}on behalf of the ECR Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0382/2021
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

B9‑0395/2021

European Parliament resolution on the case of Ahmadreza Djalali in Iran

(2021/2785(RSP))

The European Parliament,

-  having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, in particular that of 17 September 2019 on the situation of women’s rights defenders and imprisoned EU dual nationals and that of 16 December 2020 on the case of 2012 Sakharov Price Laureate Nasrin Sotoudeh;

 

-  having regard to the statement by the Spokesperson of the European External Action Service (EEAS) on the sentencing of Narges Mohammadi of 27 May 2021;

 

-  having regard to the Council’s Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/584 and Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2021/585 of 12 April 2021,

 

-  having regard to the declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the EU on the recent protests in Iran of 8 December 2019,

 

-  having regard to the EU Guidelines on the Death Penalty,

 

-  having regard to the EU Strategic Framework and Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy,

 

-  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

 

-  having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR),

 

-  having regard to the United Nations Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection of the Rights of those facing the Death Penalty,

 

-  having regard to the statement by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights during the 47th session of the Human Rights Council Presentation of the Secretary-General’s report on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, of 22 June 2021,

 

-  having regard to the statement by UN human rights experts on Ahmadreza Djalali of 18 March 2021,

 

-  having regard to the UN experts call on Iran to halt the execution of Ahmadreza Djalali of 25 November 2020,

 

-  having regard to Rule 144 of its Rules of Procedure,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. whereas Dr. Ahmadreza Djalali, a Swedish-Iranian lecturer and researcher at the Vrije Universiteit in Brussels (VUB) Belgium and Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale in Italy, was arrested in October 2017 after he visited Iran to attend workshops on disaster medicine;
     
  2. whereas Dr. Djalali has been sentenced to death in Iran on false charges of espionage and may face imminent execution; whereas he was severely pressured into false confessions under torture; whereas his situation has been described as truly horrific that he has trouble speaking; whereas medical issues have prevented him from eating properly, resulting in dramatic weight loss;
     
  3. whereas he was previously placed into solitary confinement for over three months with the constant risk of imminent execution; whereas prison officials have shined bright lights into his small cell 24 hours a day to deprive him of sleep;
     
  4. whereas his confinement has been used to pressure Belgian authorities in connection to a trial in Antwerp concerning an Iranian diplomat accused of taking part in a plot to blow up a meeting of Iranian dissidents near Paris, France;
     
  5. whereas Iranian courts, and particularly revolutionary courts, regularly fall short of providing fair trials and use confessions obtained under torture as evidence in court; whereas authorities also routinely restrict detainees’ access to legal counsel, particularly during the investigation period;
     
  6. whereas European-Iranian dual nationals continue to be arrested, receive unfair trials, are placed in solitary confinement and sentenced based on false and vague espionage charges;
     
  7. whereas, a chilling rise in the use of the death penalty by Iranian authorities has been reported over the last year, as an apparent tactic to spread fear and deter Iranian citizens to participate in anti-government protests; whereas thousands of Iranians have been arrested for participating in the November 2019 nationwide protests, when security forces shot and killed hundreds of protestors; whereas, according to the UN over 80 child offenders are on death row in Iran, with at least four at risk of imminent execution;

 

  1. whereas Ebrahim Raisi, who was elected as Iran’s president in June 2021 and is on the United States sanction list, previously served as the Iranian judiciary chief despite having a well-documented record of grave human rights violations;

 

  1. whereas during Ebrahim Raisi’s tenure as chief of the Iranian judiciary since early 2019, at least three political prisoners were executed, several were killed in prison or died of lack of medical attention and many in Tehran and Shiraz have received the death sentences and are on death row; whereas multiple cases of torture of political prisoners and those detained during protests have been reported;  whereas Ebrahim Raisi also served as a member of a “death panel” that carried out summary executions of up to 5,000 political prisoners in 1988;

 

  1. whereas Ebrahim Raisi’s victory was engineered by the Islamic Republic’s institutions in elections which were not fully free nor fair; whereas only seven candidates out of 592 received green light from the Guardian Council to run for the presidency; whereas none of the candidates were women, persons from minority groups or those with opposing views to the regime;

 

  1. whereas on 12 September 2020, the Iranian authorities murdered and executed wrestling star Navid Afkari, after charging him on counts he fully denied; whereas his brothers remain in prison and received very lengthy sentences for having participated in anti-government protests;

 

  1. whereas Ali Younesi, a computer engineering student at Sharif University of Technology and Amir Hossein Moradi, a physics student at the same university, were arrested without a legal summons on 10 April 2020 and were held in solitary confinement for two months before being transferred to the Ministry of Intelligence’s ward 209 in Evin prison; whereas both students have been subjected to torture and ill treatment in order to force false confessions from them;

 

  1. whereas Hossein Kheiri, a 32-year old political activist, was arrested in November 2019 for participating in the country-wide protests; whereas he has been sentenced to death;

 

  1. whereas on 7 June 2021, Shakila Monfared, a 27-years old political prisoner, was severely physically assaulted by a number of prisoners after she was unlawfully kept in a ward that holds inmates convicted of dangerous crimes in Qarchak Prison, as a form of punishment that is a widespread practice in Iranian prisons;

 

  1. whereas Aram Fathi, a poet and civil society activist from Iran’s Kurdistan province, has reportedly been horrifically tortured while in custody; whereas he has been released on 28 June in 2021 after having paid a 100-million-toman bail; whereas he is still due to appear before the Revolutionary Court in Marivan;

 

  1. whereas Kianoosh Sanjari, a journalist and human rights activist, is currently on medical leave from prison and described how a drug was injected to him upon his arrival to jail which paralyzed him; whereas haloperidor, an antipsychotic medication, is reportedly frequently used in Iranian prisons;

 

  1. whereas the family of Hedayat Abdollahpour, a Kurdish prisoner, are still deprived of knowing his burial site, a year since his unlawful secret execution;

 

  1. whereas Behnam Mahjoubi, a member of the Sufi Gonabadi order and a prisoner of conscience, reportedly died in custody after he was subjected to torture and deliberately denied medical care;

 

  1. whereas Sasan Niknafs, a 36-year old pro-monarchy political prisoner, died while in prison because he was denied adequate medical care for his serious health issues;

 

  1. whereas the US State Department outlined that Iran remains the world’s largest state sponsor of terrorism in 2020, providing political, financial, operational and logistical support to a variety of groups listed in both the EU terror list and US list of foreign terrorist organizations;

 

 

 

  1. Calls on Iran to immediately and unconditionally release Ahmadreza Djalali, Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, Vahid and Habib Afkari, Ali Younesi, Amir Hossein Moradi, Hossein Kheiri, Shakila Monfared, Nasrin Sotoudeh, Farhad Meysami, Narges Mohammadi and Golrokh Iraeee, and all others imprisoned on false charges or for solely exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly and human rights activities;
  2. Expresses grave concern about the situation of Ahmadreza Djalali and all others unlawfully imprisoned in Iran; firmly calls on the Iranian authorities to ensure that the rights of prisoners are protected at all times, including that they are able to receive adequate medical care and full access to their families and lawyers of their own choice; calls on the Iranian authorities to stop threatening his family in Iran and Sweden;
  3. Welcomes the adoption of the Magnitsky Act by the Council as an important EU instrument to sanction violators of human rights; calls for the preparation of restrictive measures against Iranian officials involved in the unfair trail, detention and executions of  Ruhollah Zam, Navid Afkari and imminent execution of Swedish national Mr. Ahmadreza Djalali, and all other Iranian, dual and foreign nationals unfairly held in Iran; considers further sanctions against Iran necessary if authorities do not free Mr. Djalali as demanded by the EU and Member States;
  4. Expresses grave concern over the use of torture, coerced confessions as well as detainees’ inability to access legal representation during interrogations, serious allegations of abuse during pre-charge and pre-trial detention, and the trial of civilians before revolutionary courts;
  5. Calls on the Iranian authorities to immediately drop any charges against Aram Fathi and Kianoosh Sanjari and to infrom the family of Hedayat Abdollahpour his site of burial without delay; strongly condemns the torture and denial of medical attention to Behnam Mahjoubi and Sasan Niknafs which led to their tragic deaths while in prison;
  6. Deplores Iran’s abuse of the criminal justice system to repress peaceful activities that promote and defend human rights, and calls on its authorities to ensure a safe and enabling environment where it is possible to defend and promote human rights without fear of reprisal, punishment or intimidation;
  7. Strongly supports the aspirations of the Iranian people who want to live in a free, stable, prosperous, inclusive and democratic country, which respects its national and international commitments on human rights and fundamental freedoms;
  8. Calls on the Iranian authorities to eliminate all forms of discrimination against persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, officially recognised or otherwise; demands that all persons belonging to minorities be allowed to exercise all the rights enshrined in the Iranian constitution and in international law, including the guarantees stipulated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to which Iran is a party;
  9. Stresses that fundamental rights such as freedom of expression and assembly must always be respected and calls on the Iranian authorities to live up to their international obligations, including under the ICCPR;
  10. Strongly condemns the use of the death penalty in Iran and calls for the introduction of a moratorium, as a step towards abolition; firmly calls on the Iranian authorities to commute all death sentences of those facing execution in the country; stresses that the use o the death penalty against minors contravenes the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
  11. Strongly condemns the steadily deteriorating human rights situation in Iran, including and especially for persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, due to systematic political, economic, social, and cultural discrimination; deplores the alarming escalation in the use of the death penalty against protesters, dissidents and members of minority groups;
  12. Calls for an independent investigation into the role of Ebrahim Raisi for crimes against humanity of murder, enforced disappearance and torture;
  13. Reminds the Iranian authorities that respect for human rights is a core component in the development of EU-Iran relations; in this regard, strongly calls on the Iranian authorities to halt all acts of intimidation and reprisals against human rights defenders, including for communicating with EU and UN officials and independent human rights organizations;
  14. Calls for the EU, including the VP/HR, to continue raising human rights with the Iranian authorities in bilateral and multilateral forums, in particular in the context of EU-Iran high-level political dialogue;
  15. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the EEAS, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Members of the Iranian Majlis.

 

 

 

 

 

Dernière mise à jour: 6 juillet 2021Avis juridique - Politique de confidentialité