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Διαδικασία : 2021/2872(RSP)
Διαδρομή στην ολομέλεια
Διαδρομή του εγγράφου : B9-0438/2021

Κείμενα που κατατέθηκαν :

B9-0438/2021

Συζήτηση :

PV 16/09/2021 - 6.1
CRE 16/09/2021 - 6.1

Ψηφοφορία :

PV 16/09/2021 - 15

Κείμενα που εγκρίθηκαν :


<Date>{14/09/2021}14.9.2021</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0438/2021</NoDocSe>
PDF 144kWORD 48k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on Government crackdown on protests and citizens in Cuba</Titre>

<DocRef>(2021/2872(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Manu Pineda, Sandra Pereira, João Pimenta Lopes, Pernando Barrena Arza</Depute>

<Commission>{The Left}on behalf of The Left Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

B9‑0438/2021

European Parliament resolution on Government crackdown on protests and citizens in Cuba

(2021/2872(RSP))

The European Parliament,

INSERTMSG

-  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948;

-  having regards to the UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 particularly its article 1: “All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.”
 

-  having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 16 December 1966;
 

-  having regard to the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights of 2011;

-  having regard to the principles laid down in the UN Charter,

-  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights treaties and instruments,

-  having regard to UN General Assembly resolution of 23 June 2021 on the “Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States of America against Cuba” (75/289), voted by a recorded vote of 184 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 3 abstentions (Brazil, Colombia, Ukraine); having regard on the fact that such resolution has been voted for the 29th consecutive time this year (every year since 1992 with the exception of 2020 due to the pandemic)

-  having regard to the so called “Monroe Doctrine” which remains the heart of American diplomacy on the American continent and justifies its expansionism and interference;

-  having regard to the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Cuba, of the other part(the EU-Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement),

-  having regard to the international campaign to award Cuba’s Henry Reeve International medical brigade a Nobel peace prize;

-  having regard to its previous resolutions on Cuba, notably those of 15 November 2018, of 3 December 2019, of the 5 July 2017, of the  10 of June 2021;

-  having regard to Rule 132(2) and (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the US economic, commercial and financial blockade on Cuba constitutes a violation of the human rights of the Cuban people that qualifies as an act of economic warfare hindering the development of the Cuban people and the full achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals; whereas the US-imposed Helms-Burton Act violates several principles of international law and the rules of the multilateral trade and commerce system; whereas the extraterritorial application of the US blockade goes against the sovereignty of other countries, including Member States;

B. whereas the US blockade against Cuba has lasted since February 1962; whereas this blockade is justified by the US administration as “The only foreseeable way to reduce domestic support was through disenchantment and discouragement based on dissatisfaction and economic difficulties (…) Any means to weaken the economic life of Cuba must be used quickly (…): refuse to give credit and to supply Cuba to lower real and monetary wages with the aim of causing hunger, despair and the overthrow of the government. "; whereas as such it can been seen as a crime against humanity;

C. whereas the consequences of the US economic, commercial and financial blockade have has been severely increased including during the fight of Cuba against the Covid 19 pandemic; whereas it has been reinforced notably since the beginning of the pandemic by the former US President Donald Trump who added 243 more sanctions against Cuba, notably the closing of the society Western Union, making almost impossible to send foreign currency by relatives abroad and hindering the country’s access to vital medicines and medical material; whereas these measures were maintain by Biden’s administration; 

D. whereas important tourism sector collapsed due to Covid-19 pandemic; whereas the Cuban people have recently faced serious economic and social difficulties in their daily life; whereas there is a great shortage of fuel, which is also causing serious delays in the distribution of food; whereas the energy crisis leads to daily periods of mandatory power cuts; whereas in this context of penury several demonstrations broke out in several cities of the country;

E. Whereas in these circumstances US and its allies from the extreme right in Europe are trying to instrumentalize the situation by supporting and financing new actions of destabilization in Cuba;

F. whereas on 12 January 2021 Cuba was included in the US list of States Sponsors of Terrorism with no feasible justification; whereas the consequences of this inclusion increase the devastating social, economic and trade consequences of the blockade;

G. whereas the accumulated economic losses of the Cuban people as a result of the US economic, commercial and financial blockade are estimated to add up to $1.099 billion; from April 2019 to December 2020, the damages caused by the blockade amounted to over 9.1 billion dollars at current prices, an average of 436 million dollars per month.

H. whereas the implementation by US authorities of titles III and IV of the Helms-Burton Act directly affect EU citizens and companies and constitutes a violation of commitments made by the EU-US agreements of 1997 and 1998;

I. whereas for 29 consecutive years (since 1992 and except 2020 due to the pandemic) the UN General Assembly as adopted the 23 June 2021 a resolution on the “Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba”, voted by a recorded vote of 184 in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 3 abstentions (Brazil, Colombia, Ukraine);

J. whereas despite the economic and trade hardships resulting from the US economic, trade and financial blockade Cuba has managed to develop 5 candidates  vaccines, out of which  3 have been already approved as vaccines by the Cuban regulatory Agency: Abdala, Soberana Plus and 2 ; whereas Cuba is the first country in the world which began the 3d of September 2021 the vaccination for the children between 3 and 18years old; whereas it is expected that in November more than 90% of the population will be vaccinated; whereas it is estimated that the development of these vaccines has been between 50% and 65% more expensive than it would have been without the US blockade given Cuba’s difficulty to access international markets;

 

K. whereas Cuban cooperation in the area of healthcare is particularly relevant given the important humanitarian role it plays in several countries; whereas the Henry Reeve Medical Brigade are currently playing a fundamental role with over 1,500 doctors and nurses fighting Covid-19; whereas since the outbreak of the pandemic they have sent 57 mission to 40 different countries, including EU Member States;

L. whereas the US continues to occupy Cuban territory in the Guantánamo Bay, where the US has a naval base and a military prison; whereas human rights of detainees are systematically violated in the Guantanamo Bay military prison; whereas nine prisoners have died while in custody; whereas several reports and former detainees have confirmed that torture and sexual abuse are routinely used against prisoners; whereas despite the transfer of most prisoners in January 2021 there are still prisoners held without trial at Guantanamo Bay;

M. whereas the EU-Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement has been an important step forward towards the normalization of relations between its parties and the development of mutually beneficial relations in different fields;

N. whereas the EU-Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement is being provisionally applied since 1 November 2017 while awaiting for ratification by all EU Member States; whereas Lithuania, not having voiced opposition to the agreement, is the only Member State pending its ratification;

O. whereas the EU-Cuba Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement has lead to an institutionalization of relations and cooperation between the EU and Cuba to a level of consolidation without precedents, particularly  around its three main chapters on political dialogue, sectorial dialogue, and cooperation;

P. Whereas the extreme right in Europe are trying to take pretext of the current Cuban situation to organize further destabilization in the country and re-establish the so called “common position” which was a regime of sanctions unique in the world; 

1. Expresses full solidarity with the people of Cuba regarding the ongoing challenges they face in their economic and social development due to impositions by foreign powers;

2. Highlights that according to the article 1 of the UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966: “All peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.” without foreign interference; Urges therefore the EU and its members states to respect the international law;

3. Recognize that the economic and social situation in Cuba is becoming critical due to the consequences of the pandemic and the reinforcement of the regime sanction by the USA; urges therefore for the immediate lifting of the US imposed economic, commercial and financial blockade and all other unilateral coercive measures and the removal of Cuba from the list of States Sponsors of Terrorism;

4. Denounces the consequences for EU citizens of the extraterritorial application of the US economic, commercial and financial blockade and of the titles III and IV of the Helms-Burton Act and calls on the US authorities to immediately end this practice; calls on the Commission to develop measures to counter the effects of this policy in collaboration with other third countries;

5. Calls for an immediate dismantlement of the naval base and military prison in Guantánamo Bay and the withdrawal of all US forces from Cuban territory and the restitution to Cuba of the integrality of its territory; calls on the US authorities to guarantee the respect to the human rights of prisoners remaining in Guantánamo, including their right to a fair trial;

6. Calls for EU-Cuba relations to be strengthened on the basis of dialogue and cooperation on common challenges such as climate change or the full achievement of the goals set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development;

7. Stresses the importance of the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement as a key tool to promote understanding and mutually beneficial relations between the European Union and Cuba; calls on the Lithuanian authorities to ratify the Agreement without delay;

8. Stresses Cuba’s role in the promotion of human rights on a regional and international level; Highlights the efforts made by the Cuban Government and the Cuban people in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and the country’s important role promoting them;

9. Commends the important role played by Cuba in the global fight against the Covid-19 pandemic, and in particular the role played by the Henry Reeve Medical Brigade which is an example of solidarity and has contributed with its doctors and nurses to save lives around the world, including in the European Union; supports the awarding of the Henry Reeve Medical Brigade to the Nobel Peace Prize;

10. Condemns the instrumentalisation of human rights for political purposes with the goal of interfering in the internal affairs of the Republic of Cuba by several political forces in the EU and within the European Parliament; calls on the Vice President/High Representative to continue to pursue an independent policy based on dialogue and cooperation and not to follow the confrontational approach of the US;

11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Government and the National Assembly of the Republic of Cuba, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly, and the Latin American sub regional entities, including ALBA and CELAC.

 

Τελευταία ενημέρωση: 14 Σεπτεμβρίου 2021Ανακοίνωση νομικού περιεχομένου - Πολιτική απορρήτου