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Verfahren : 2022/2582(RSP)
Werdegang im Plenum
Entwicklungsstadium in Bezug auf das Dokument : B9-0146/2022

Eingereichte Texte :


Aussprachen :

PV 10/03/2022 - 7.3
CRE 10/03/2022 - 7.3

Abstimmungen :

Angenommene Texte :


PDF 156kWORD 46k


<TitreSuite>with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 144 of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>

<Titre>on the Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Nagorno-Karabakh</Titre>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Stelios Kouloglou</Depute>

<Commission>{The Left}on behalf of The Left Group</Commission>


See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0146/2022
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.


European Parliament resolution on the Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Nagorno-Karabakh


The European Parliament,

- having regard to its previous resolutions on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict,

- Having regard to the 1954 Hague Convention and its Second Protocol protecting cultural heritage,

- Having regard to the 1972 UNESCO Convention on cultural heritage

- Having regard to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

- having regard to the Orders of the ICJ of 7 December 2021 in the cases between Armenia and Azerbaijan

- having regard to Rule 144 of its Rules of Procedure,

  1. Whereas cultural heritage has been instrumentalised as a trigger for and target in many conflicts; whereas destruction directed at a particular population, or against its memory, history and art, which is referred to as 'cultural cleansing',  target not only the population under attack but the whole of humanity, since cultural heritage is humankind's common history;
  2. Whereas cultural heritage can have a key role in promoting peace by fostering tolerance, inter-cultural and inter-faith dialogue and mutual understanding; whereas the protection and safeguard of cultural heritage during periods of conflict and crises is therefore of major importance for the solution of conflicts and sustainable peace;
  3. Whereas the long running Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has had a catastrophic impact on the cultural heritage and property of the region, for which both Armenia and Azerbaijan bear a responsibility;
  4. Whereas the International Court of Justice has ordered Armenia and Azerbaijan on 7 December 2021 to refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend their dispute;  whereas the Court  indicated provisional measures ordering Azerbaijan
    1. to protect from violence and bodily harm all persons captured in relation to the 2020 conflict who remain in detention, and ensure their security and equality before the law


  1. to take all necessary measures to prevent the incitement and promotion of racial hatred and discrimination, including by its officials and public institutions, targeted at persons of Armenian national or ethnic origin,


  1. to prevent and punish acts of vandalism and desecration affecting Armenian cultural heritage;


whereas the Court has also indicated measures ordering Armenia to take all necessary measures to prevent the incitement and promotion of racial hatred, including by organisations and private persons in its territory, targeted at persons of Azerbaijani national or ethnic origin;


  1. Whereas the political and security situation in Nagorno-Karabakh has remained tense since the end of the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan that ended with ceasefire in November 2020; whereas Azerbaijan continues to consolidate the results of the 2020 war, including by destroying Armenian cultural heritages;
  2. Whereas Azerbaijan recently announced the establishment of a working group to “remove the fictitious traces written by Armenians on Albanian religious temples”; whereas the January 26 2021 report of the Human Rights Ombudsman of the Republic of Artsakh described 1,456 objects of Armenian historical and cultural monuments which appeared under Azerbaijani control: whereas they include 161 Armenian churches, 591 khachkars (engraved cross-stones), the archaeological site of Tigranakert, the Azokh Paleolithic cave, the Nor Karmiravan tombs, Mirik, Keren, and architectural monuments such as palaces, bridges, and historic quarters; whereas Azerbaijan took control over 8 state and 2 private museums and galleries with 19,311 items of Artsakh exhibits; whereas Artsakh authorities were not able to return the collections; whereas in view of Azerbaijan’s policies of deliberate removing the traces of Armenian culture in the Nagorno-Karabakh region  all of these items, which constitute the cultural heritage of mankind, are in danger;
  3. Whereas hate speech has been a long-standing problem in both countries, as noted by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) in its reports, in particular in relation to Azerbaijan, which has also been criticised by the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.
  4. whereas human suffering which resulted from the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict continues; whereas 90,000 people, 88% of whom are women and children, have been displaced to Armenia in the recent war; whereas UN, supported by the EU,  provided humanitarian assistance from the very beginning and recently announced the “2021 Interagency Response Plan for Armenia,” where the organization would send $62.6 million in financial aid to support those affected by the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict;
  1. Condemns the continued policies to erase the cultural heritage in and around Nagorno-Karabakh, in violation of international law and the recent provisional decision of ICJ;


  1. Condemns the almost total destruction and looting of Aghdam, Fuzuli and other areas over the last 30 years by Armenia, as well as the transfer of cultural heritage;


  1. Condemns the destruction over the last 30 years of Armenian cultural heritage in Azerbaijan for which Azerbaijan is responsible, notably in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, and condemns the damage deliberately caused to cultural heritage during the 6-week war, and what appears to be the deliberate shelling of the St. Holy Saviour; Ghazanchetsots Cathedral in Shusha/Shushi as well as the destruction or damage of other churches and cemeteries during and after the conflict;


  1. Welcome the Orders of the International Court of Justice of 7 December 2021 and urges Azerbaijan and Armenia to implement them in letter and spirit;


  1. Remains concerned, in the light of past destruction, about the future of the many Armenian churches, monasteries, cross-stones and other forms of cultural heritage which have returned under Azerbaijan control;


  1. Expresses concern about a developing narrative in Azerbaijan promoting a “Caucasian Albanian” heritage to replace what is seen as an “Armenian” cultural heritage;


  1. Calls on Armenia and Azerbaijan to allow UNESCO unlimited access to all cultural heritage sites in both countries to assess the damage and assess the steps necessary to safeguard what remains; invites UNESCO to look into the developing narrative promoting a “Caucasian Albanian” heritage and to contribute to ensure it is not manipulated by either side;


  1. Urgently calls on the authorities in Armenia and Azerbaijan to take all necessary measures to prevent and punish acts of vandalism;


  1. Deeply regrets that the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia on Nagorno-Karabakh/ Artsakh Republic remains unresolved and continues to be the cause of severe tensions and human suffering in the  Caucasus region; urges Armenia and Azerbaijan to take immediate and effective steps to de-escalate the situation and cease any inflammatory rhetoric in order to start building mutual trust, foster reconciliation and resume negotiations on the settlement of the conflict;


  1. Welcomes the mediation efforts of President Charles Michel for overcoming the conflict, creating cooperation and an atmosphere of trust, with a view to sustainable peace in the region ultimately underpinned by a comprehensive peace agreement; welcome EU’s intention to launch an economic advisory platform to build confidence, contribute to peaceful coexistence and build up economic cooperation in the region;


  1. Is deeply concerned at the level of hate rhetoric, including on highest level;  stresses that statements at the highest level which continue to portray Armenians in an intolerant fashion counteract the efforts to find solutions for the conflicts in the region;


  1. Expresses concern at the so-called military “Trophy Park” in Baku and considers that the use of caricatured and stereotyped mannequins exacerbates levels of intolerance and should have no place in a museum or society;


  1. Urges both countries take steps to tackle hate speech, including from public and high-level officials, as well as hate crimes; calls on both countries to introduce appropriate legislation;


  1. Calls for the full and speedy resolution of all outstanding humanitarian issues, such as the release of further detainees and addressing the fate of missing persons; continues urging the immediate release of all remaining prisoners by Azerbaijan, as well as the exchange of all available information on minefields in order to proceed with effective demining;


  1. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Governments and Parliaments of Member States, and the Governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan.


Letzte Aktualisierung: 8. März 2022Rechtlicher Hinweis - Datenschutzbestimmungen