Procedure : 2022/2651(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B9-0241/2022

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 05/05/2022 - 2
CRE 05/05/2022 - 2

Votes :

PV 05/05/2022 - 7.10
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>

<Titre>on the state of play of EU-Moldova cooperation</Titre>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Viola Von Cramon‑Taubadel, Francisco Guerreiro, Markéta Gregorová, Ignazio Corrao, Jordi Solé</Depute>

<Commission>{Verts/ALE}on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group</Commission>


See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0240/2022


European Parliament resolution on the state of play of EU-Moldova cooperation


The European Parliament,

 having regard to its previous resolutions on Moldova,

 having regard to the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Moldova, of the other part[1],

 having regard to the Council decisions adopted since 2014 on EU restrictive measures against Russia over Ukraine,

 having regard to the Versailles Declaration of 10 and 11 March 2022,

 having regard to the statement of 29 April 2022 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), Josep Borrell, on the recent security incidents in the Transnistrian region,

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the Russian Federation launched a war of aggression against Ukraine on 24 February 2022; whereas the war is affecting regional security and stability, as well as the socio-economic situation of Ukraine’s neighbours, and has caused a humanitarian crisis, with millions of refugees having left Ukraine; whereas Moldova has taken in more than 400 000 refugees, making it the country with the highest number of refugees from Ukraine per capita;

B. whereas on 25 April 2022, an explosion from a grenade launcher was reported at the building of the Transnistrian so-called Ministry of State Security, for which the separatist regime in Tiraspol blamed Ukraine, which in turn condemned the attack as a false flag operation by the Russian secret service; whereas on 26 April, the Mayak radio transmitter in Grigoriopol was reportedly blown up, and whereas on 27 April gunshots were fired around the Cobasna ammunition depot;

C. whereas the recently reported incidents in the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova are detrimental to the security and stability of the Republic of Moldova; whereas there have been concerns of potential false flag operations in Moldova since the beginning of Russia’s war against Ukraine; whereas the Russian regime’s rhetoric, including claims of evidence of oppression of the Russian-speaking population in Transnistria, combined with these recent incidents, could potentially set the pretext for a military incursion by Russia; whereas Russia retains around 1 600 troops in Transnistria;

D. whereas in 2021 Gazprom artificially created a gas supply crisis in the Republic of Moldova and whereas the EU provided Moldova with EUR 60 million through a new budget support programme in order to mitigate the impact of price increases on the most vulnerable people;

E. whereas there are numerous reports of the Russian Federation’s alleged intention to create a land bridge to Transnistria and to occupy the region and possibly even the rest of Moldova, according to intelligence information and to public statements by high‑ranking Russian and Belarusian officials;

1. Condemns in the strongest possible terms the Russian Federation’s unprovoked, unjustified and illegal war of aggression against Ukraine, as well as the involvement of Belarus in this war, and demands that Russia immediately terminate all military activities in Ukraine and unconditionally withdraw all forces and military equipment from the entire internationally recognised territory of Ukraine;

2. Calls on the responsible actors to avoid the destabilisation of the situation in Transnistria and avoid any escalation of the war to the territory of Moldova; welcomes the constructive reactions on the part of the Moldovan authorities, which are helping to maintain calm in the country and continuing to promote an environment conducive to the settlement of the conflict;

3. Stands in solidarity with Moldova and reiterates its unwavering support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova within its internationally recognised borders, including a special status for the Transnistrian region;

4. Expresses its concern over the military exercises carried out by the Russian military forces in Transnistria in the past and calls on the Russian Federation to completely and unconditionally withdraw its military forces and armaments from the Transnistrian region in an orderly manner, in accordance with the repeated requests of the Moldovan authorities and with respect for the Republic of Moldova’s sovereignty and territorial integrity;

5. Welcomes the fact that the EU has stepped up its support for Moldova over the past few months, in particular humanitarian assistance through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism; calls on the Commission, the VP/HR and the Member States to further support Moldova in addressing the impact of Russia’s war against Ukraine, as well as Russian aggression against Moldova itself, and invites them to explore measures such as providing direct budget support, liberalising road transport, facilitating labour access for Moldovans in the EU and reducing barriers to Moldovan exports into the EU;

6. Praises Moldova’s show of solidarity with Ukraine by taking in such a large number of refugees; reiterates its call on the Commission and the Member States to support Moldova in coping with the arrival of large numbers of refugees, in particular by providing more substantial financial assistance and temporary shelter to refugees from Ukraine in the EU; calls on the Commission and the Member States to set up specific support programmes for refugee women, in particular specialised support for the victims of gender-based violence, and to assist Moldova in doing so;

7. Invites the Commission and the Council to broaden the mandate of the EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine in order to respond to the ongoing emergency resulting from the arrival of large numbers of refugees from Ukraine and ensure that the mission can provide meaningful support for authorities in the reception of refugees;

8. Urges the Commission and the Member States to assist Moldova in improving its resilience to possible Russian attacks, in the areas of energy, defence, cybersecurity and strategic communications; calls for the Commission and the Member States to take further measures against foreign interference and disinformation and to support Moldova in this regard;

9. Underlines that the full and effective implementation of existing sanctions against Russia throughout the EU and by its partners must be an immediate priority; insists that all future sanctions must continue to be closely coordinated with like-minded partners in order to maximise their effectiveness and show a united front in the face of Russian aggression; calls for the sixth package of sanctions to be adopted as soon as possible;

10. Calls for an immediate import ban on all energy commodities from Russia and for the EU to provide assistance to Moldova in establishing energy security and eliminating its dependence on Russia energy; urges Moldova to step up its infrastructure cooperation with the EU and countries in the region, and to implement deep structural reforms in the energy sector, including diversifying energy supplies, increasing energy efficiency, attracting investment to renewable energies and improving connectivity, while ensuring environmental sustainability;

11. Welcomes the Republic of Moldova’s submission of its application to join the EU on 3 March 2022; calls for the EU institutions to work towards granting EU candidate status to Moldova, along with Ukraine and Georgia, in line with Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union and on the basis of merit, and, in the meantime, to continue to work towards Moldova’s integration into the EU single market;

12. Welcomes Moldova’s efforts to pursue reforms in democracy, the rule of law and human rights and encourages it to continue on this path, particularly in the light of the need to fully implement the Association Agreement / Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area and fulfil the EU’s conditionality criteria; calls on the Commission to provide additional technical support in this regard; welcomes the recently established High-Level Political and Security Dialogue between the EU and Moldova;

13. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the European External Action Service, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, and the President, Government and Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.


[1] OJ L 260, 30.8.2014, p. 4.

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