Indeks 
 Forrige 
 Næste 
 Fuld tekst 
Forhandlinger
Onsdag den 29. april 2015 - Strasbourg Revideret udgave

16. Situationen i Burundi (forhandling)
Video af indlæg
PV
MPphoto
 

  Der Präsident. – Als nächster Punkt der Tagesordnung folgt die Aussprache über die Erklärung der Vizepräsidentin der Kommission und Hohen Vertreterin der Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik zur Lage in Burundi (2015/2678(RSP)).

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Neven Mimica, Member of the Commission, on behalf of the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. Mr President, I welcome the opportunity to have this urgency debate. Through previous resolutions and the actions of honourable Members, this House has reminded Burundians that they have allies in their efforts to achieve sustainable democracy, to take their country from fragility to democracy and to maintain a path of respect for human rights, development and regional integration.

Unfortunately Burundi is at a critical moment where the considerable achievements of recent years are at risk. The decision of the ruling party to nominate President Nkurunziza as presidential candidate has promoted a serious division across society and across politics. This must be addressed immediately.

The EU has already articulated, for example in the March conclusions of the Foreign Affairs Council, the importance we attach to the Arusha Accords on which peace and stability were built in Burundi after years of civil war. We stated that those demanding that Arusha be respected, especially on the third mandate issue, should not be ignored. This remains our position. It is not too late to take the path of reconciliation and dialogue.

Vice-President/High Representative Mogherini and I are appalled at reports of police violence and mass arrests, including those of human rights defenders, journalists and other civil society activists well known to this House.

Last year many of you fought hard to secure the release of Pierre Claver Mbonimpa of the human rights group, the Association for the Protection of Human Rights and Detained Persons (APRODH). We were naturally concerned at reports that he had been mistreated and again arrested without justification. I am very glad that he has been released and I congratulate those who worked on his behalf. But others were detained or harassed in similar circumstances and we must follow their cases extremely closely. Intimidation and harassment of human rights defenders, the media, the political opposition and other critical voices must end.

I present my sincere condolences to the families of those who have died and to those who have been injured in recent disturbances. I deplore the restrictions on freedom of the media and assembly which prevent Burundians from understanding what is happening around them and from expressing themselves, particularly in the delicate moments before the start of an electoral campaign. This can only encourage rumours and promote frustration and heightened tensions on the streets. It is vital that all actors promote calm and avoid provocation. At the same time the Burundian authorities should respect the right to demonstrate peacefully and avoid excessive force.

I would like to say a word now on the presidential and legislative elections in Burundi. Successful elections should be our first goal. As you know, the European Union has not only given financial support to the elections but is sending an electoral observation mission. These important contributions show our commitment to making the elections a success, but I would like to remind you of a key element in the recent statement by Vice President/High Representative Mogherini’s spokesperson, namely that intimidation and violence, death and injuries, arrests of human rights defenders, restrictions on the media and floods of refugees have no place in an electoral process.

I also want to remind you of a crucial point that was formally stressed to the Burundian authorities by Vice-President/High Representative Mogherini in her letter of 13 April, mirroring the EU Foreign Affairs Council conclusions on Burundi of March, that the presence of the electoral observation mission must be reflected in fair access to the political space for all political actors. That is a fundamental condition of our support and clearly an element to be closely monitored in these difficult circumstances.

We cannot, however, see the elections in isolation from our overall partnership. The Cotonou Agreement is absolutely clear on the need to respect human rights, democratic principles and the rule of law as essential elements. In addition, there can be no impunity for those individually responsible for human rights abuses. We will take the steps needed to ensure they account for their actions.

The challenge now for the European Union and other international partners of Burundi is to maintain a productive dialogue, encouraging the authorities to seek consensus built on discussion across the political spectrum and civil society. Depending on developments, we are looking at all the options available to us. We are currently reviewing with our Member States the consequences of the current situation and possible remedial action available under the Cotonou Agreement. We will of course keep Parliament informed of this work.

With this in mind, I would like to underline that the EU Heads of Mission have in the last few months been conducting a regular intensified political dialogue, as provided for in Article 8 of the Cotonou Agreement, with the Burundian authorities. However, when talking about possible measures, I want to emphasise one point. The European Union is one of Burundi’s major development partners, and our support is crucial in providing this country with a better chance of dragging itself out of a position of structural fragility and extreme poverty which severely affects large segments of its population.

It is with this objective in mind that our 11th European Development Fund (EDF) national allocation to Burundi was doubled, as compared to the previous EDF, to an amount of EUR 432 million.

In reviewing our next steps, we need to focus on finding solutions and promoting positive changes which will allow Burundians to continue to fulfil their expectations. We must not hurt the poor and vulnerable, and we should make every effort to allow relations to be fully normalised as quickly as possible. As the Commissioner for Development, I need to balance our duty to citizens with the need for a prudent approach, especially if state resources are being used to enact repressive measures.

I very much look forward to hearing the views of the honourable Members.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Joachim Zeller, im Namen der PPE-Fraktion. Herr Präsident, Herr Kommissar! Wir sprachen heute Vormittag in diesem Haus über die Flüchtlinge, die Zuflucht in Europa suchen, und es gab Stimmen, die sagten, wir dürfen nicht nur die Symptome der Fluchtbewegungen behandeln, sondern wir müssen auch auf die Ursachen einwirken, die in den Herkunftsländern liegen, die von den Menschen verlassen wurden. Deshalb ist es richtig und wichtig, dass wir heute auf die Situation in Burundi eingehen, wo seit einigen Tagen Polizei, Armee und rivalisierende politische Gruppen gewaltsam gegeneinander vorgehen. Tote sind bereits zu beklagen, und Zehntausende Menschen sind auf der Flucht, auch in die Nachbarstaaten, sodass die Konflikte Burundis nicht mehr nur auf Burundi beschränkt bleiben. Dabei stand das Land nach Jahrzehnten mit Bürgerkriegen und Hunderttausenden Toten und Flüchtlingen kurz vor einer demokratischen Bewährungsprobe: im Mai mit der Parlaments- und im Juni mit der Präsidentschaftswahl. Der Amtsinhaber, Präsident Nkurunziza, ist mit seiner Ankündigung, verfassungswidrig für eine dritte Amtszeit zu kandidieren, Urheber der jetzigen Situation.

Die internationale Staatengemeinschaft und auch die Europäische Union sind gefordert, durch Druck auf die herrschenden Kräfte in Burundi alles zu unternehmen, um eine neuerliche humanitäre Katastrophe in dem Land zu verhindern. Auch – und das hat der Kommissar bestätigt – sollte die EU mit ihrer Wahlbeobachtungsmission zeigen, dass uns die weitere politische Entwicklung in diesem afrikanischen Land nicht gleichgültig ist.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Gianni Pittella, a nome del gruppo S&D. Signor Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, signor Commissario, il clima di violenza, di terrore e intimidazione che sta spingendo migliaia di persone ai confini del Ruanda, in fuga da un nuovo possibile conflitto etnico nel Burundi ci allarma tantissimo. E la scelta, come è stato appena ricordato di candidarsi da parte del Presidente uscente per un terzo mandato, violando gli accordi di Arusha, rischia di far precipitare il Burundi in un passato di violenza etnica, rendendo vano il processo di democratizzazione del paese, che Lei ha menzionato.

Poche settimane fa, accompagnato da una delegazione del mio gruppo, sono stato nella regione dei Grandi Laghi e in Burundi. I motivi e le condizioni del genocidio del '94 sono ancora tutti lì, solamente sopiti. Non possiamo aspettare con indifferenza che queste condizioni generino un nuovo mostro, dobbiamo agire subito. Siamo consapevoli che l'Alto rappresentante Mogherini sta seguendo da vicino e con efficacia l'evoluzione della situazione e ci appelliamo a lei perché venga rinnovata la pressione sul Presidente perché non si ricandidi.

Ma io stesso voglio rivolgere un appello diretto al Presidente: vuole Lei, signor Presidente del Burundi, abbarbicarsi ad un potere senza popolo o vuole diventare un attore decisivo nella transizione democratica del suo paese? Signor Presidente, ci ripensi! Noi, comunque, come Unione europea faremo la nostra parte.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Anna Elżbieta Fotyga, w imieniu grupy ECR. Panie Przewodniczący! Panie Komisarzu! Burundi położone jest w jednym w najmniej stabilnych i najbiedniejszych obszarów naszego globu – w rejonie Wielkich Jezior Afrykańskich. I chociaż tocząca się tam wojna domowa mniej być może przyciągała naszą uwagę niż straszliwe wydarzenia w Rwandzie czy w Kongo, to jednak kruchy pokój, który zapewniła podpisana w tanzańskiej Aruszy umowa o pokoju i pojednaniu w Burundi, dała wielką nadzieję na to, że prezydencka republika będzie się pomyślnie rozwijała. Niestety decyzja rządzącej partii o nominowaniu urzędującego prezydenta, żeby kandydował na trzecią kadencję, stanowi naruszenie umowy z Aruszy i niewątpliwie stała się też jednym z elementów, który spowodował falę przemocy, protestów będących przypomnieniem straszliwego okresu wojny domowej.

Wysoka przedstawiciel / wiceprzewodnicząca Federika Mogherini może liczyć na wsparcie mojej grupy politycznej w wysiłkach, które będą zmierzały do zapewnienia pokoju w Burundi, do sprawnego zapewnienia procesu wyborczego, w tym silnej, efektywnej misji obserwacyjnej. Przejęcie władzy w ramach systemu demokratycznego jest jednym z najpoważniejszych testów dla demokracji w Burundi i powinniśmy je wspierać.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Hilde Vautmans, namens de ALDE-Fractie. Ik denk dat de kandidatuur van de uittredende president voor een derde ambtstermijn heel duidelijk de lont in het kruitvat heeft gestoken. De situatie in Burundi en de streek errond is inderdaad een kruitvat met heel veel conflictzones. De vrede in Burundi is heel fragiel en staat nu op de helling.

In het verleden zijn er door Europa en verschillende landen fouten gemaakt. We hebben al te vaak onze ogen gesloten en gedacht: het is maar geweld in Afrika. Nu, collega's, hebben we de mogelijkheid om een bloedbad te vermijden. Eigenlijk mogen we zonder taboe spreken over een nakende genocide.

Ik ben persoonlijk in Rwanda op bezoek geweest na de genocide in 1994. Ik ben er langs kisten gelopen, kisten met duizenden schedels, kisten met duizenden voeten. Kinderen en vrouwen, gewoonweg afgeslacht met een machete omdat ze tot de verkeerde volksgroep behoorden.

Nu bereiken ons geruchten dat het ook in buurland Burundi die kant op gaat. Ik krijg er kippenvel van als ik eraan denk dat ook daar weer zoiets in voorbereiding zou zijn. We mogen hier niet alleen bij stilstaan in een debat. Er moet actie komen. U hebt daarstraks gezegd: ik bied mijn deelneming aan de familie aan. We bieden vaak onze excuses aan, maar daar hebben doden weinig aan. Het zijn de levenden die onze actie nodig hebben en daarvoor kunt u rekenen op de steun van de ALDE-Fractie.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Marie-Christine Vergiat, au nom du groupe GUE/NGL. Monsieur le Président, en 2000, les accords d'Arusha ont mis fin à plusieurs années de guerre civile au Burundi, à plusieurs années d'affrontements, principalement entre Hutus et Tutsis. Ils ont permis l'arrivée au pouvoir du premier président hutu de l'histoire du pays ainsi que l'élaboration d'un processus de réconciliation nationale et la mise en place d'une nouvelle constitution.

La décision du président sortant de briguer un troisième mandat met en cause ce fragile équilibre. Cela couvait depuis plusieurs semaines. La confirmation de cette décision par le congrès du parti au pouvoir a provoqué une vague de protestations et la réponse apportée est une répression tous azimuts. Les ONG sur place déplorent déjà plusieurs morts et les arrestations se comptent par centaines. Les Imbonerakure, les membres de la ligue des jeunes du parti au pouvoir, sont en première ligne et multiplient les exactions. Des voix hutues et tutsies appellent le président à la raison. Même des voix à l'intérieur du parti au pouvoir, comme celles du porte-parole du président et du porte-parole du parti, ont été réprimées. Ces personnes ont même été démises de leurs fonctions. Plus de 20 000 Burundais ont d'ores et déjà fui le pays, craignant pour leur sécurité.

L'Union européenne doit mettre tout son poids dans la balance et faire pression sur le président et les autorités du pays. Elle doit remettre en cause, au besoin, son soutien au pays, qui dépend, pour plus de 50 % de son budget, de l'aide extérieure et, le cas échéant, remettre en cause également son soutien au processus électoral, qui ne peut exister que si nous avons l'assurance d'élections transparentes et équitables.

Nous le savons, les voix de l'Union européenne et du Parlement européen sont entendues au Burundi. Il ne faut pas laisser se poursuivre la déstabilisation de cette région. Il faut agir vite, pour éviter un nouveau bain de sang.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Maria Heubuch, im Namen der Verts/ALE-Fraktion. Herr Präsident! Herr Kommissar, Sie haben zu Recht die Lage in Burundi geschildert, die Probleme aufgezeigt und auch auf die fragile Situation hingewiesen. Die Menschenrechtslage – und ich gehe jetzt nach Ihren Ausführungen davon aus, dass auch Sie sie für die Opposition dort sehr kritisch sehen – ist eine sehr unsägliche im Moment. Deshalb habe ich ein paar ganz konkrete Fragen an Sie.

Erstens: Sie haben angesprochen, eine Wahlbeobachterkommission zusammenzustellen. Wie wird sie zusammengesetzt sein? Wird sie hochrangig zusammengesetzt sein? Das halte ich für sehr wichtig, um hier gegenüber dieser Regierung ein Zeichen zu setzen.

Zweitens: Welche Maßnahmen ergreift die EU, um eine gute Koordination mit allen internationalen Wahlbeobachtungsmissionen sicherzustellen und die burundische Zivilgesellschaft beim Monitoring des Wahlprozesses zu unterstützen? Ist es angedacht, hinterher dort auch die Zivilgesellschaft mit einzubeziehen? Erwägt die Europäische Union, die an Burundi gezahlte Budgethilfe im Falle einer Wiederwahl des amtierenden Präsidenten einzufrieren? Das halte ich für einen wichtigen Punkt, darüber zu diskutieren und es auch öffentlich zu machen, denn hier haben wir ein Instrument, um auch auf diesen Präsidenten einzuwirken, nicht nur mit Worten, sondern auch mit Taten.

Falls Sie nicht vorhaben, das einzufrieren, wie wollen Sie dann sicherstellen, dass die Mittel zweckentsprechend eingesetzt werden und auch nur der Bevölkerung zugutekommen und nicht von der Regierung anderweitig verwendet werden? Ich beziehe mich hier auf den Artikel 96 des Cotonou-Abkommens, der die Suspendierung der Beziehungen zwischen Burundi und der EU möglich machen würde.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Kashetu Kyenge (S&D). Signor Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, oggi ci troviamo di fronte ad una grande responsabilità dalla quale non possiamo fuggire. Siamo in grado di fermare un massacro che rischia di avere le dimensioni di un genocidio nell'Africa centrale. Sì, genocidio! Troppo spesso non pronunciare questa parola, signor Presidente, ci ha portati ad osservare, vergognosamente inermi, stragi di innocenti.

La candidatura del Presidente Nkurunziza per un terzo mandato ha avuto effetti nefasti sul Burundi. Condanniamo con forza gli arresti arbitrari, le violazioni dei diritti umani e le limitazioni della libertà di stampa e di espressione che in queste ore il governo burundese sta mettendo in atto e mi auguro che vengano aperte anche quelle radio che sono state chiuse, a cominciare da RPA. Dobbiamo porre in atto tutte le azioni necessarie per aprire un tavolo di pace nel paese, se necessario anche utilizzando lo strumento delle sanzioni individuali contro i nemici della pace.

Nell'aprile di 21 anni fa, la guerra civile in Burundi si estese al vicino Ruanda provocando uno dei massacri più vergognosi della storia recente dell'umanità. Allora ci definimmo impotenti. Oggi non possiamo più dire lo stesso, saremmo complici. Per usare le parole del generale Dallaire, capo della missione ONU in Ruanda durante il genocidio, ci presteremmo a stringere la mano del diavolo.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Linda McAvan (S&D). Mr President, I welcome what the Commissioner has said, as well as the statement by the High Representative. We need to see an end to the violence now because police violence, mass arrests and imprisoning opposition leaders and human rights defenders have no place in any election process, and we need the government to take action to stop it now. We as the EU should be ready to support Burundi in a peaceful dialogue, to get a peaceful dialogue established there, to talk about the elections and to prepare for a peaceful electoral process in the run-up to those elections, because these elections are vital, as you have said, not just for Burundi, but for the whole of the Great Lakes Region, where we expect elections in the next 18 months.

Commissioner, you have also highlighted that the EU has increased its aid to Burundi. As Chair of the Committee on Development I want to see us support Burundi. I want this country, one of the poorest on the planet, to continue to receive our assistance and to be able to develop the economy and services for local people, but we cannot do that without peace, we cannot do that without stability, and that is why we need the government to heed our calls today.

We have already seen thousands of people crossing the borders into the DRC and into Rwanda. Those people need our help as well, and I hope you will talk to Commissioner Stylianides about this and say that we should help the United Nations there.

Finally, we ask the Government of Burundi not to put at risk the peace dividend built up over the last 15 to 20 years; it really must heed our calls, move to a peaceful election process and help the country recover and get back on its feet.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Elena Valenciano (S&D). Señor Presidente, desde 2011, en Burundi, se han ido cerrando los espacios de participación política y democrática. Poco a poco, el partido en el Gobierno y el Presidente han intimidado, acosado, detenido y roto cualquier posibilidad de instalación de un sistema democrático. Tenemos poco que celebrar hasta ahora, pero el anuncio de la decisión del Presidente Nkurunziza ha empeorado completamente la situación.

Esta decisión de presentarse a un tercer mandato ―como han dicho mis colegas y el propio Comisario― vulnera los Acuerdos de Arusha y vulnera el espíritu de la Constitución de Burundi; y en un país con un pasado tan dramático y en una región con una estabilidad tan frágil, la decisión del Presidente Nkurunziza es un gravísimo riesgo para todos.

Es muy fácil: hay que pedirle al Presidente que reconsidere su decisión. Hay que pedirle al Gobierno que reabra los espacios de participación política, que reabra las radios que ha cerrado, que libere a los prisioneros políticos, que dé cauce a la participación democrática. Y si no es así, señor Comisario, si el señor Presidente no recapacita y si no se dan las libertades políticas, civiles y fundamentales que son necesarias para un proceso electoral, entonces la Unión Europea y el Parlamento Europeo no deben apoyar el proceso electoral en Burundi, porque será un proceso falso, trucado, y porque Nkurunziza necesitará mucha represión para aguantar esa campaña.

 
  
 

Catch-the-eye-Verfahren

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Nicola Caputo (S&D). Signor Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, sono già intervenuto in quest'Aula sulla situazione in Burundi, in occasione dell'arresto avvenuto in gennaio di Bob Rugurika, giornalista e direttore della Radio Publique Africaine.

In queste ore la situazione rischia di esplodere, mettendo in allarme l'opinione pubblica mondiale. Gli scontri tra esercito e manifestanti, ininterrotti dal 25 aprile, sono i più sanguinosi dai tempi della guerra civile tra le varie etnie, che ha tormentato il paese dal 1993 al 2005. Particolarmente colpiti i media indipendenti che nel corso delle ultime 48 ore hanno assistito alla sospensione totale o parziale delle loro trasmissioni, alla chiusura del circolo della stampa Maison de la presse e alla detenzione di alcuni dei loro giornalisti.

Il motivo della tensione è la posizione del capo di Stato del Burundi, che dopo aver svolto due mandati ha deciso di ricandidarsi per le presidenziali di maggio in violazione dell'articolo 96 della Costituzione da lui stesso varata. È necessario che anche l'Europa intervenga con fermezza e con decisione presso le autorità del Burundi perché si trovino forme civili e democratiche di governo, al fine di evitare il rischio concreto di una nuova guerra civile nel paese e si garantiscano alla popolazione le fondamentali libertà di pensiero e di espressione.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Νότης Μαριάς ( ECR). Κύριε Πρόεδρε, η κατάσταση στο Μπουρούντι μας απασχολεί για άλλη μια φορά. Πριν από λίγο διάστημα, είχα τοποθετηθεί σχετικά με τις διώξεις που γίνονται εις βάρος του δημοσιογράφου Rugurika. Είχαμε πει τότε ότι πρέπει να υπάρξει προσοχή διότι μπορεί να ξεκινήσουν συγκρούσεις και να έχουμε τα οικτρά αποτελέσματα του παρελθόντος, όταν ο εμφύλιος πόλεμος που κράτησε από το 1993 μέχρι το 2005 είχε ως αποτέλεσμα 300.000 νεκρούς. Μαθαίνουμε σήμερα ότι ο απερχόμενος Πρόεδρος Pierre Nkurunziza αποφάσισε να διεκδικήσει και τρίτη θητεία. Αυτό δημιούργησε αντιδράσεις που συνάντησαν βεβαίως βίαιη καταστολή. Πολλοί άνθρωποι συνελήφθησαν, άλλοι έχασαν τη ζωή τους. Αυτές οι διώξεις πρέπει να σταματήσουν. Ο περιορισμός της ελευθερίας του τύπου πρέπει να σταματήσει. Το πρόβλημα μας απασχολεί διότι έχουμε 20.000 πρόσφυγες οι οποίοι για να γλυτώσουν καταφεύγουν στην Ρουάντα και στη Λαϊκή Δημοκρατία του Κονγκό. Κρούουμε τον κώδωνα του κινδύνου διότι υπάρχει το ενδεχόμενο διόγκωσης των προσφυγικών κυμάτων από την χώρα αυτή και της δημιουργίας ακόμη μεγαλύτερων προβλημάτων.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Ivan Jakovčić (ALDE). Gospodine predsjedniče, stojimo pred novim ratom. Nadajmo se da ga neće biti, ali ono što je sigurno je da stojimo pred izbjegličkom krizom koja je tu. Tko će na kraju platiti veliki danak? Naravno, Europa će u tome sudjelovati i platiti svoj danak još jednoj krizi koju čine neki koji su možda dijelom i europski prijatelji ili barem nekih europskih zemalja ili europskih vlada.

Mi moramo napraviti nešto konkretno ako ne želimo da se još jedna kriza sutra pojavi na našim vratima. Tragedija Mediterana je rezultat onoga što se nije dešavalo i nije djelovalo na vrijeme u nekim zemljama centralne Afrike. Slična je situacija ovdje i zato sam za jasnu politiku. Poruka Europskog parlamenta mora biti jasna, poruka Komisije mora biti jasna. Tražimo da se u Burundiju definitivno ne kandidiraju ljudi koji nemaju podršku za to s naše strane. Ako žele našu podršku onda moraju imati i svoje konzekvence.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Fabio Massimo Castaldo (EFDD). Signor Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, sfortunatamente ci ritroviamo a parlare per l'ennesima volta del Burundi e dobbiamo constatare una svolta autoritaria, di fatto una rottura democratica di quelli che erano anche gli accordi che erano stati presi ad Arusha nel 2000.

La candidatura anticostituzionale dell'attuale Presidente Nkurunziza a mio avviso, e ad avviso di molti per quello che ho sentito in quest'Aula, manifesta la totale mancanza non solo di responsabilità politica, ma anche di attaccamento al benessere del popolo, piuttosto si potrebbe parlare di attaccamento al potere e alla poltrona. Le violenze che stanno accadendo in questi giorni nel paese, come anche la fuga che c'è stata verso i paesi vicini da parte di molti dei cittadini, ci fanno capire quanto sia importante come Unione europea mantenere una linea ferma ed esercitare ogni pressione possibile per far capire al Presidente che questa candidatura non è opportuna e potrebbe far ripiombare di nuovo il paese nel genocidio e nella guerra civile del '94.

Abbiamo il potere, forse, speriamo di poter prevenire una catastrofe prima che si compia e speriamo che vengano adottate tutte le misure necessarie per impedirla.

 
  
 

(Ende des Catch-the-eye-Verfahrens)

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Neven Mimica, Member of the Commission, on behalf of the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. Mr President, this has been a very useful exchange, and I thank the honourable Members for the clarity and purpose of their interventions. Regarding our election observation and coordination, I would like to point out that we coordinate extensively both on the ground and at headquarters. In Burundi we liaise closely with the UN Election Observation Mission and maintain close contacts with the African Union, and we shall continue to do so.

From this debate I draw three main conclusions. Firstly, that we have the support of this House in reviewing all the options available to us under the Cotonou Agreement and other instruments if the situation is not resolved, with particular attention required to the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Secondly, that we have a responsibility to Burundians to protect them from increased economic and humanitarian risks in an already fragile country, and that we must keep this in mind. Thirdly, that while we retain our desire to support elections with the instruments at our disposal, we ought clearly to present to the Burundian authorities what the conditions of open electoral and political space mean to us and then closely monitor this in the days ahead. I look forward to maintaining dialogue with you, and again I signal my appreciation of Parliament’s role in keeping this important issue on the international agenda.

 
  
MPphoto
 

  Der Präsident. – Die Aussprache ist geschlossen.

 
Juridisk meddelelse - Databeskyttelsespolitik