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Postup : 2015/0068(CNS)
Postup v rámci schôdze
Postup dokumentu : A8-0306/2015

Predkladané texty :

A8-0306/2015

Rozpravy :

PV 26/10/2015 - 12
CRE 26/10/2015 - 12

Hlasovanie :

PV 27/10/2015 - 5.10
Vysvetlenie hlasovaní
Vysvetlenie hlasovaní

Prijaté texty :

P8_TA(2015)0369

Rozpravy
Štvrtok, 29. októbra 2015 - Štrasburg Revidované vydanie

11.1. Povinná automatická výmena informácií v oblasti daní (A8-0306/2015 - Markus Ferber)
Videozáznamy z vystúpení
 

Mündliche Stimmerklärungen

 
  
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  Krisztina Morvai (NI). Természetesen támogattam azt az új szabályt, amelynek bevezetése a kedves vezér, Juncker úr tevékenysége miatt volt szükséges. Mindenki emlékszik ugye a LuxLeaks botrányra. Ezzel összefüggésben szavaztunk úgy, vagy rendelkezett úgy az Európai Parlament, hogy mostantól minden egyes tagállamnak értesítenie kell a többi tagállamot arról, hogy milyen adókedvezményekben részesíti a hozzáérkező különböző külföldi befektetőket. Erre úgymond a versenyképesség kiegyenlítése érdekében van szükség. Én azt szeretném, hogyha a következőkben arról is szavaznánk, hogy milyen segítséget nyújtanak, milyen adókedvezményeket a saját kisvállalkozóiknak, például a saját hazámban Magyarországon, ahol 6 millió forintnyi kedvezményt adnak egy-egy külföldi, globális környezetszennyező, kizsákmányoló cégnek egy munkahely létesítésére. Szeretném, hogyha itt is kiegyensúlyozódna a versenyképesség és ugyanennyit adnának a kisvállalkozóknak, családi vállalkozóknak is.

 
  
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  Andrejs Mamikins (S&D). Priekšsēdētāja kungs! Efektīvi funkcionējoša valsts kopiena (tas it īpaši lielā mērā attiecas uz eirozonu tās vienotās valūtas dēļ) nav iespējama bez kvalitatīvas informācijas apmaiņas. Protams, ir saprotams, ka jebkurai valstij ir dažāda veida specifiski dati, kuru apmaiņa pat ar tuvākajiem sabiedrotajiem nebūtu visai loģiska, jo apdraudētu nacionālo drošību. Gadījumā ar nodokļu informāciju, it īpaši Eiropas Savienības ietvaros, kura pēc savas būtības ir orientēta uz ciešāku sadarbību un savstarpēju integrāciju, situācija ir daudz viennozīmīgāka. Dalībvalstīm jāapmainās vismaz ar pārrobežu nodokļu nolēmumiem un vienošanām attiecībā uz transferu cenu noteikšanu. Ņemot vērā Eiropas Savienības orientēšanos uz aktīvu nodokļu krāpšanas apkarošanu, šāda informācijas apmaiņa ļautu tai gan paaugstināt attiecīgas pretdarbības efektivitāti, gan arī principā dalībvalstu sadarbību finansiālajā jomā padarīt daudz kvalitatīvāku.

 
  
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  Daniel Hannan (ECR). Mr President, I was living in Brussels when the French Government introduced its 75% top rate tax, and my street very quickly filled up with French exiles, Brussels being not far by train. There was only one Belgian woman left, a matriarch of the street who I knew, and I remember her stopping me one day as I was leaving the house and saying, ‘You’re in politics, Monsieur le Député, explain something to me: what kind of hell are these poor souls fleeing from if they regard Belgium as a paradis fiscale?’

What the Hollande government had learned is that high punitive taxes do not redistribute wealth: they redistribute people. Behind this report, instead of a look at why we have a problem with people fleeing to friendlier tax jurisdictions, is an attempt to brand them as tax havens and to attack them. Surely it is we who have the problem, and the solution is in our hands. If we could cut tax to a more acceptable level, not only would we boost our prosperity, but the issue of tax havens would disappear.

 
  
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  Monica Macovei (ECR). Domnule președinte, efectele evaziunii fiscale la nivel transfrontalier și efectele concurenței fiscale incorecte au crescut în ultimii ani. Acum, statele membre nu își comunică spontan propriile decizii fiscale.

Acest raport este foarte bun pentru că definește decizia fiscală; o confirmare sau o asigurare pe care autoritățile fiscale o dau contribuabililor în legătură cu modul de calcul al impozitelor lor, tocmai pentru ca lipsa de transparență să nu mai reducă contribuția fiscală. Veniturile fiscale sunt reduse considerabil și împiedică statele membre să aplice politici fiscale care să ducă la creșterea economică. Cine pierde? Evident, noi pierdem, cetățenii, pentru că suntem impozitați mai mult pentru produse. Transparența este un aspect-cheie în schimbul de informații și, ca atare, trebuie să se pună la dispoziția statelor membre toate informațiile pentru a lua măsuri împotriva acestor practici, respectiv a evaziunii fiscale.

 
  
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  Seán Kelly (PPE). Mr President, I am very much in favour of these proposals and obviously I supported them. I think we have now – moving away from the crisis – looked at some of the malpractices that went on over many years, in particular in relation to tax evasion and tax avoidance, and we are moving towards correcting the loopholes. I welcome that, and the mandatory exchange of information will make it much more difficult for businesses to avoid tax – something which happened far too frequently in the past and which was very unfair to businesses and to individuals who were paying their tax.

I am glad to say that my own country, Ireland, was one of the early movers in relation to international initiatives on the automatic exchange of tax information, being the fourth country in the world to sign a Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) agreement with the United States, which it did during Ireland’s presidency of the European Council.

 
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