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Dezbateri
Marţi, 22 noiembrie 2016 - Strasbourg Ediţie revizuită

9. Situația din Siria (dezbatere)
Înregistrare video a intervenţiilor
PV
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  Die Präsidentin. – Als nächster Punkt der Tagesordnung folgt die Aussprache über die Erklärung der Vizepräsidentin der Kommission und Hohen Vertreterin der Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik zur Lage in Syrien (2016/2933(RSP)).

 
  
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  Federica Mogherini, Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. – Madam President, honourable Members, thank you all for keeping a constant focus on Syria in your plenary debates. I am really sorry I could not be with you in person last month, but I believe this is the fourth or fifth time this year that we have had a plenary debate on our work on Syria. Last month I was in Brussels for the Afghanistan conference, another important file in which the European Union has a very important part to play, but the Slovak Presidency briefed me on your October exchanges, and they also provided a very important input for the discussions we had at the Foreign Affairs Council both in October and last week.

We have discussed Syria again, as I mentioned, in the Foreign Affairs Council both in October and last week, on Monday to be precise, and I have engaged in a number of meetings with both Syrian, regional and international actors, so for me this debate is a very precious opportunity to update you with the most recent initiatives and contacts and work we are carrying on, starting from the work on the humanitarian side that, together with Christos Stylianides, we have carried out relentlessly, I would say, in these last months.

Over the last few days, there has been a new escalation of violence against the eastern neighbourhoods of Aleppo. The resumption of airstrikes has worsened the humanitarian situation even further, particularly because it has left hundreds of thousands of besieged civilians without access to functioning hospitals. Together with Christos and his team, whom I would like to praise, and together with the United Nations, we are working literally day and night to create the conditions to let the humanitarian aid in, and to let the wounded out, of East Aleppo, as as well as to other besieged areas all across the Syrian territory.

To reach this goal, we are engaging both internationally with all relevant actors, and on the ground. We are in constant contact with the city council of eastern Aleppo, as well as with civilian administrations in several parts of Syria. We are helping them provide services to the local population in the areas where this is possible. Our activity on the ground is increasingly recognised, first of all by the local players, by the Syrians themselves, and this is for me – and I can speak also on behalf of Christos and all the people who are working with us on this – the number one priority, that our work reaches the Syrians on the ground. Believe me when I tell you of our frustration at not managing to do more, but all the humanitarian work that is done is basically thanks also, I cannot say all, but almost all, to the funding, the work, the support, the logistics, the commitment of the European Union. Here again, I would like to thank our team, both on the ground and in Brussels, which has been working really at an incredible rhythm on this, in full coordination always, with the United Nations.

Our work, as I said, is increasingly recognised inside Syria but also internationally. The contacts and the channels we have developed in this field will be crucial also to any settlement and to the transition. As you all know, the delivery of humanitarian aid is proving to be a very difficult exercise, given the lack of a broader political agreement on the cessation of hostilities, and we have realised very clearly in these last couple of months that the military-to-military work on the cessation of hostilities is more and more difficult in the absence of a wider political understanding on the future of Syria. So what we risk is a vicious circle.

This is why, after having discussed this with the Foreign Ministers and with the Heads of State and Governments in the Foreign Affairs Council and in the European Council, I have started to reach out to the key regional actors on the future of Syria. This means that in the last weeks I met and had talks with the foreign ministers or leaders, presidents, of different countries of the region on a clear agenda. In the name of transparency, and also in sharing with you this work, let me go into a rather detailed list again. I know this is not the politics we need to talk – we would also need to talk politics, but I think it is also important for you to know exactly what this regional outreach is meaning by now.

Meetings with Foreign Minister Al Thani of Qatar in Brussels. Then I headed to Tehran where I met President Rouhani and Foreign Minister Zarif, and two days later to Saudi Arabia to see King Salman. Last week I discussed this in Brussels with Foreign Minister Bassil of Lebanon. Over the weekend I met with Emirates Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah and Foreign Minister of Jordan Nasser Judeh. Contacts with others, notably Turkish Foreign Minister Çavuşoğlu and Egyptian Foreign Minister Shoukry will also follow. And on Friday, just a few days ago, we hosted a meeting with the Syrian opposition groups, the leaders of different groups that I met at length in Brussels to share this process with them, to listen to their views to ensure full ownership and an active participation on their side. And obviously all of this is done in constant contact with Staffan de Mistura and his team, both in Geneva and in the United Nations headquarters in New York.

So now to content. The focus of this outreach is on the future of Syria, looking in particular at the post-conflict end state. What I am trying to do is identify areas of common ground and possible elements of a positive agenda with all the key actors. The issues that we are discussing in the framework of this outreach include political accountability, decentralisation or devolution, participation and protection of all components of the very diverse Syrian society. I know that this Chamber is particularly attentive to the situation of Christians in the region; this is also part of our outreach. Reconciliation, especially the local exercises of reconciliation, and economic reconstruction. On the latter let me be extremely clear: the European Union is and will be ready to engage in the economic reconstruction of the country, together with other partners. But, let me stress as I stress it to our partners in the region, this will only happen once a political transition has begun under the framework of UN Security Council Resolution 2254.

This work aims at improving the chances for the success of the UN mandate and the UN Special Envoy for the intra-Syrian talks. Our regional outreach can help create some space and some confidence for the talks to start because of course it is, as I said, for the Syrians to decide the future of the country in direct talks under UN auspices, but in the meantime, if as the European Union we can provide some space regionally to accompany this process, it could only be useful.

In six years of war we should have learned something about the conflict in Syria. At times, an agreement between global powers could not hold, even if it was found, because the situation was out of control on the ground. In other cases, local ceasefires did not hold even if they were reached, because there was no agreement on a broader political level, either in the region or internationally. As I said, sometimes it is a vicious circle. Things locally do not hold because the international regional framework is not accompanying; at some other times you find an agreement on regional and international level and you do not have the local actors on your side.

So peace in Syria will require at the same time an agreement among world powers, the UN framework, among regional actors, the work we are trying to do, and all local players. I understand that it might sound strange to talk and to work on post-conflict at exactly the moment when war still rages on, and yet, talking about reconstruction, reconciliation, post-conflict, the system of governance, that could ensure Syria future a way, is a way of maybe opening the door for a process of peace. Because only if we start putting all the pieces together and to create some kind of consensus among the regional actors and among the citizens will we contribute to building peace in Syria.

Now as you know very well, and as I repeated many times, the European Union is not militarily involved in this war. This is the result of a political decision, one that was taken years ago, that I fully share and that unites us all in Europe. We are not a party to the conflict. But this is not a constraint on our diplomatic action. On the contrary, this puts us in a privileged position as we work for peace. From our position, we understand better than others that there is no military solution to the war. We see that every escalation leads us further away, and not closer, to peace. We are in a privileged position as we can talk to everybody, we do talk to everybody, we are trusted by everybody, and I am convinced that the European Union will be, and is becoming, an indispensable force to make peace in Syria possible and to achieve it concretely on the ground.

I can only ask you, this Parliament, to keep supporting, as you have done constantly this year, our work on humanitarian grounds for creating the political space for peace in Syria and for all the people of Syria, to benefit from a brighter future in their country.

 
  
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  Cristian Dan Preda, au nom du groupe PPE. – Madame la Présidente, Madame la Haute représentante, lors de notre dernier débat sur la Syrie, j'avais décrit la situation humanitaire comme étant dramatique et, aujourd'hui, j'ai impression que les mots me manquent pour décrire l'horreur de cette guerre qui continue.

Comme vous le savez très bien, la population est prise au piège entre les bombes russes et celles du régime. Selon les chiffres de l'ONU, 1 million de personnes sont assiégées en Syrie. Le volet humanitaire doit rester la priorité de l'Union et, dans ce sens, je tiens à saluer votre travail, Madame la Haute représentante, et celui de M. Stylianides en vue de faciliter l'acheminement de l'aide en Syrie.

Pour ce qui est du volet politique, nous sommes forcés de constater la paralysie de la communauté internationale. Cette paralysie a un responsable et ce responsable est la Russie, parce que la Russie est là, elle jette des bombes et, en même temps, bloque toute décision significative au niveau du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies. La Russie va payer pour cette position et ne pourra pas éviter, d'ici quelque temps, le prix de cette situation.

Avant de conclure, je voudrais dire que la position que nous avons adoptée, à savoir soutenir l'aide humanitaire et ne pas s'engager militairement, doit être maintenue au cours de la prochaine période.

 
  
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  Victor Boştinaru, on behalf of the S&D Group. – Madam President, I would like to say to the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy that, in six years of war, the world has been repeatedly appalled by the atrocities against civilians carried out in Syria by Isis, Daesh and other terrorist groups. At the same time, the heavy, indiscriminate aerial bombardment of eastern Aleppo by Russia and the Assad regime has killed hundreds, and continues even as I speak today.

The S&D Group condemns in the strongest terms the widespread violation of human rights and international humanitarian law and the deliberate continuous targeting of civilians, humanitarian workers and medical facilities by the parties involved in Aleppo. We call on the armed parties to the conflict, both state and non—state, to allow an immediate cessation of hostilities so as to pave the way for the resumption of negotiations, thereby ensuring that humanitarian assistance reaches all people in need throughout Syria, and immediately to allow medical evacuation and the delivery of emergency goods.

We are deeply concerned about Russia heavily reinforcing its military navy in the eastern Mediterranean and about the renewal of large—scale airstrikes on Aleppo, which can only bring further death and suffering to the Syrian people. Watching this disaster, it is our impression that even dictionaries no longer have words to describe the atrocities and the slaughterhouse of Aleppo. We urge you, Ms Mogherini, the Member States and the international community, to use all diplomatic tools and pressure necessary to urge those involved, including the Russian-backed Syrian regime, to stop attacks on Aleppo and to ensure that all those responsible for war crimes and crimes against international humanitarian law are prosecuted under appropriate, impartial criminal justice.

 
  
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  Charles Tannock, on behalf of the ECR Group. – Madam President, nearly six years on since the start of the civil war we find ourselves in a position where Syria has become an almost accepted item or piece of intractable, insoluble foreign policy and a tragic killing field. Like so many others in the House, I also advocated a no-fly zone five years ago before Russia entered the conflict, which would have limited the loss of life and would have prevented us reaching this stalemate we now see today. But I do of course recognise and thank the High Representative for the excellent and fantastic job she is doing to try and re-engage and resume talks. The atrocious siege of Aleppo by Assad’s army with the support of Russian bombers continues. UN special envoy Stephen O’Brien has described the situation as being one of a deliberate tactic of cruelty by Assad and Russia. We wait now to see what the Trump administrative policy will be with regard to Syria, but his comments regarding a deal with Russia over Syria and Ukraine leaves little room for optimism, both by betraying Ukrainian sovereignty and turning a blind eye to war crimes carried out against innocent civilians. We can draw some comfort that evil Isis is now being squeezed in Raqqa, but my fear is that they will regroup and re-emerge elsewhere, including in our cities in Europe.

 
  
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  Marietje Schaake, on behalf of the ALDE Group. – Madam President, on Friday the world was an eyewitness to babies being bombed out of their incubators, and as the last hospital in Aleppo was targetedly pounded we must ask ourselves: why were we, those who promised ‘never again’, unable to prevent or stop these crimes against humanity from happening? It fills me with unspeakable shame.

The Syrian war has now lasted longer than the Second World War, and the Council still does not have a common position even while the impact of the war in Syria continues to shake the EU at its core. It is beyond comprehension, and particularly Prime Minister Renzi’s veto, preventing sanctions on Russia for the role that Putin’s army plays in bombing children, is a disgrace. Putin has taken maximum advantage of our absence.

So we do need an EU strategy, not on paper but one that leads to meaningful action, otherwise our negotiating position or persuasion towards third countries is far too weak. And while the EU and Member States are the main humanitarian donors, two thirds of Syrians do not have regular access to water and six million children need life-saving assistance. We are clearly not doing enough. Starvation is used as a war crime; look at Lebanon to draw your own conclusions. Declaring the statement with Turkey on migration as the Holy Grail will not solve our problems, especially when the EU is not delivering its part by ensuring relocation.

My Group calls again for sanctions to be put in place against Russia’s role in committing war crimes, and the EU should lead broader efforts towards accountability and ending impunity. That includes ensuring that the hundreds of thousands of people being tortured and killed in prisons in Syria are not forgotten. Let there be no confusion: the hunger, despair, torture, bombardments and repression are causing people to flee. Assad’s barbarism is also directly leading to radicalisation.

 
  
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  Javier Couso Permuy, en nombre del Grupo GUE/NGL. – Señora Presidenta, Alta Representante, hay demasiada propaganda en todo lo que ocurre en Siria. Lleva un doble estándar que no ayuda para nada.

Por ejemplo, noticias que no salen en los grandes medios de comunicación y, por lo tanto, no están en nuestras intervenciones.

El 17 y el 18 de noviembre de 2016, los rebeldes moderados de Al Qaeda reprimieron a tiros las manifestaciones registradas en los barrios del este de Alepo, que pedían salir por los corredores humanitarios que habían abierto Rusia y el Gobierno sirio. El 30 octubre hubo un ataque con armas químicas en el este de Alepo. El 13 de noviembre lanzaron un ataque con cloro que mató a 28 personas.

Podríamos hablar también de la respuesta que dio el portavoz del Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos, John Kirby, a una periodista, acusando a Rusia de determinados ataques contra hospitales. Cuando nos vamos a la fuente —una ONG turca—, esa ONG dice que no acusa a Rusia de bombardear los hospitales de Alepo; ni la OMS, a la que pertenece; ni siquiera la oficina regional del Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja, en Damasco, que dice que confirma los ataques, pero no puede saber quién los hizo. Por lo tanto, dejemos ese maniqueísmo.

Hemos exigido a todas las partes que cumplan el Derecho internacional, pero solo juntos podemos llegar a la paz. Por lo tanto, no sigamos llamando «oposición» a los terroristas: son los mismos que atacaron en Bruselas o en París; son los mismos de Al Qaeda, que atacaron el 11 de marzo en mi país.

 
  
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  Barbara Lochbihler, im Namen der Verts/ALE-Fraktion. – Frau Präsidentin, sehr geehrte Hohe Vertreterin! Die Nachrichten, die uns täglich aus Syrien erreichen, sind extrem grausam, und insbesondere die Situation in Aleppo hat sich in den vergangenen Wochen erneut dramatisch verschlechtert, vor allem durch die brutalen Luftangriffe seitens der syrischen Armee und Russlands. Hier muss die EU weiterhin diplomatischen und wirtschaftlichen Druck auf die Konfliktparteien und ihre Verbündeten ausüben, um einen Waffenstillstand und eine Rückkehr an den Verhandlungstisch zu erreichen.

Gleichfalls muss sich die EU stärker dafür einsetzen, Menschenrechtsverletzungen an Gefangenen zu beenden. Sowohl in den Gefängnissen der Regierung als auch in den Haftzentren, die von bewaffneten Gruppen unterhalten werden, werden Menschen gequält, gefoltert und getötet. Nach Angaben von Amnesty International sind seit Beginn des Konflikts allein in Gefängnissen des syrischen Regimes mehr als 17 500 Menschen ums Leben gekommen. Die EU muss sich hier dringend dafür einsetzen, dass Gefangene angemessen behandelt werden, dass willkürlich Verhaftete freigelassen werden und dass internationale und unabhängige Beobachter Zugang zu Gefängnissen und anderen Haftanstalten in Syrien erhalten.

Das syrische Regime ist für die Mehrzahl der im Konflikt begangenen Verbrechen verantwortlich. Doch auch andere Konfliktparteien, insbesondere der sogenannte Islamische Staat, verüben brutale Verbrechen. Für eine dauerhafte Lösung des Syrienkonflikts ist es unerlässlich, diejenigen zur Rechenschaft zu ziehen, die schwerwiegende Verbrechen begangen haben. Alles andere wäre eine Verhöhnung der Opfer.

 
  
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  James Carver, on behalf of the EFDD Group. – Madam President, Madam High Representative, the tragedy caused by the stalemate in Syria shows precisely the importance of mediation and diplomatic sophistication. That the international community has let this brutal civil war carry on for so long not only highlights its failure, but also displays an incredible lack of capacity in negotiation. That was often a role played by Great Britain, and it is my hope that our imminent diplomatic independence will allow us to fill this mediation gap, helping to assist the international community in working for the benefit of people trapped in these awful conflicts. We may not like everybody who we have to deal with on the international stage, but we cannot continue to allow conflicts to carry on over what ultimately boils down to disagreements between great powers. We must put these differences aside and return to sensible geopolitics, including the work towards a genuine sustainable peace in Syria.

 
  
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  Harald Vilimsky, im Namen der ENF-Fraktion. – Frau Präsidentin, meine sehr geehrten Damen und Herren! Ich glaube, es ist Konsens hier in diesem Haus, dass man in aller Entschlossenheit gegen alle kriegerischen Aktivitäten entschieden vorgeht.

Aber gerade beim Syrienkonflikt habe ich etwas den Eindruck, dass hier die zwei großen Mächte – die US-Amerikaner und die Russen – nicht in gebotener Einigkeit agieren, um den eigentlichen Aggressor, nämlich den Islamischen Staat, nachhaltig auszuradieren, sondern eher, dass dieser Konflikt genutzt wird, um geopolitisch eine Konfliktlage zwischen den Amerikanern und den Russen hochzuschrauben. Das ist der falsche Weg.

Mittlerweile haben wir einen neuen Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und ich habe den Eindruck, dass hier mehr Wille da ist, mehr Bereitschaft da ist, gemeinsam diesen eigentlichen Aggressor – den Islamischen Staat – zu neutralisieren. Je früher es gelingt, diesen Konflikt zu neutralisieren, desto rascher können auch all jene Menschen, die nach Europa gekommen sind, wieder zurück in ihre Heimat gehen, um hier bei der Stabilisierung und am Wiederaufbau in ihrem Land Hilfe zu leisten.

 
  
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  Zoltán Balczó (NI). – Elnök Asszony, elismerés illeti Főképviselő asszonyt azért a humanitárius segítségért, amit az Unió nyújt és nyújtott Szíria háború sújtotta lakosságának. A végső cél nem lehet más, mint fegyvernyugvás, béke és stabil állami működés megteremtése. Ehhez szükséges két nagyhatalomnak, az Egyesült Államoknak és Oroszországnak az együttműködése. A kapcsolatok most hidegháborús mélyponton vannak. Donald Trump megválasztása reményt ad arra, hogy ez a kapcsolat konstruktívvá válhat, és ebben az Európai Uniónak is pozitívan kell közreműködnie. Itt többször elhangzott, hogy az emberiesség ellen elkövetett bűnökért felelősségre vonásra van szükség. Ebben teljes mértékben egyetértek, de ezt nem lehet prekoncepcióval elindítani, csak az egyik félről beszélni, hanem ebben a sokrésztvevős háborúban teljes körűen kell föltárni minden fél által elkövetett bűntényeket.

 
  
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  Tunne Kelam (PPE). – Madam President, I would like to thank Ms Mogherini for updating us and for her efforts to achieve something which seems to be impossible. But we need to continue our efforts, because the situation is deteriorating and peace negotiations are still at an impasse. We know that one million people are under siege, 200 000 are detained by the Assad regime under inhuman conditions. So I think our goal has still to be to achieve a ceasefire and to stop this massive violence against the civilian population for which both the Assad regime, backed by Russia and Iran, and Islamist extremists are responsible. And I support our colleague Schaake’s conclusion that Mr Putin has taken maximum advantage from the weakness and inactivity of the EU. I think what is most important is to end this climate of impunity for people who are daily committing war crimes. And the second problem is that the EU should finally have a common EU/Syria strategy to facilitate political achievement. But I very much support your approach that we must be prepared for post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction.

(The speaker agreed to take a blue-card question under Rule 162(8))

 
  
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  Τάκης Χατζηγεωργίου ( GUE/NGL), ερώτηση με «γαλάζια κάρτα». – Κατ’ αρχήν δεν θα διαφωνήσω καθόλου για το αρνητικό της παρέμβασης και της Ρωσίας στην περιοχή. Νομίζω, όμως, ότι το να μη γίνεται καμία συζήτηση ή να μην γίνεται καμία αναφορά στις ευθύνες και άλλων κρατών, όπως είναι οι Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες και το Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο, δεν είναι σωστό, αν λάβουμε μάλιστα υπόψη ότι το κακό ξεκίνησε από την εισβολή στο Ιράκ. Ήθελα, λοιπόν, να ρωτήσω αν μπορείτε να έχετε πιο ολική προσέγγιση στο ζήτημα αυτό.

 
  
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  Tunne Kelam (PPE), blue-card answer. – I think we should appreciate actors by their deeds. While the United States and others are trying to avoid loss of civilian life, Russia, together with the Assad regime, is indiscriminately bombing the civilian population. This has been proved, and our first attention should go to those who are committing violence and war crimes against the civilian population, whoever they are.

 
  
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  Enrique Guerrero Salom (S&D). – Señora Presidenta, la catástrofe humanitaria que vive Siria es la combinación de tres factores al menos.

El primero de ellos es el fracaso continuado o la incapacidad de los actores globales del Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas para prevenir un conflicto o para garantizar la paz y la seguridad internacionales en un conflicto que dura ya más de seis años.

El segundo elemento es la permanente violación de los derechos fundamentales y de las leyes humanitarias internacionales, a través de los continuados bombardeos de escuelas, de hospitales, de población civil: la violación —como digo— continua de los derechos más fundamentales.

El tercer elemento es la impotencia involuntaria de los actores humanitarios para poder acceder al lugar donde se necesita su actividad para aliviar el sufrimiento y para garantizar la pervivencia de esas poblaciones castigadas.

Ante esta situación, la Unión Europea debe apoyar el plan global humanitario propuesto por las Naciones Unidas que, a fin de cuentas, es la misma propuesta planteada no hace mucho por la Alta Representante y por el comisario Stylianides.

Y ese plan debe tener tres elementos fundamentales: garantizar la retirada médica de los heridos, garantizar el acceso de suministros médicos y permitir también alimentos a una población asediada.

 
  
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  Anna Elżbieta Fotyga (ECR). – Madam President, I can still see Chechnya and Grozny: total destruction and atrocities committed for the sake of maintaining geopolitical influence with total impunity for the perpetrators. The same is happening to Aleppo for the sake of maintaining, or regaining, influence by Vladimir Putin, Bashar al—Assad or the Iranian regime. There are crimes against humanity being committed there. Do we learn the lesson of history?

 
  
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  Marisa Matias (GUE/NGL). – Senhora Presidente, Senhora Mogherini, com toda a franqueza e respeito, eu, sinceramente, não sei se estamos a falar do mesmo planeta ou se a União Europeia e a Comissão Europeia estão em total estado de negação. Eu não queria acreditar quando ouvi falar em começarmos a avançar para esta nova língua da situação de pós-conflito. O conflito está longe de terminar. Não vai terminar amanhã nem, se calhar, nos próximos anos, e não terminará amanhã nem nos próximos anos porque nós somos corresponsáveis por esta situação.

Enquanto a União Europeia continuar com esta visão maniqueísta do conflito, enquanto continuar a ignorar que continua a morrer gente todos os dias, que há uma disputa no território que vai para além disto tudo e que tem a ver com recursos e com posicionamentos geoestratégicos, enquanto ignorar que há um negócio de armas que está por trás de tudo isto, enquanto ignorar o papel da Turquia e dos países do Golfo, da Arábia Saudita, enquanto ignorar tudo isso e tentar contar uma história a preto e branco, enquanto continuar a ser parte do problema e não da solução, talvez não haja mesmo solução. Mas falar de solução para os conflitos, Sra. Mogherini, é mesmo estado de negação, é não aprender rigorosamente nada com o passado.

 
  
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  Yannick Jadot (Verts/ALE). – Madame la Présidente, Madame la Haute représentante, nous sommes chaque jour tous abasourdis par les images que nous voyons, particulièrement à Alep. Nous savons les crimes de guerre, nous savons les crimes contre l'humanité, nous savons la responsabilité du régime Assad et de ses complices, à savoir la Russie, l'Iran et peut-être demain les États-Unis de M. Trump.

Pour ma part, je suis toujours stupéfait de voir dans cet hémicycle la complaisance d'un certain nombre de responsables politiques vis-à-vis de Poutine. C'est la même chose dans nos pays européens. Je le vois dans la campagne présidentielle française, et même dans la primaire de la droite en France avec le candidat Fillon.

Cette complaisance est une corruption politique aujourd'hui totalement insupportable. Alors, comme nous n'irons pas faire la guerre à Alep, les moyens dont nous disposons, ce sont les sanctions contre les personnes et les groupes, les sanctions économiques contre le régime de Poutine. Appelons au boycott de la Coupe du Monde en Russie! On ne va quand même pas aller jouer au football à Moscou pendant que la Russie bombarde Alep. Prenons cette responsabilité sur les sanctions! Voilà un moyen d'action de l'Union européenne.

 
  
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  Kristina Winberg (EFDD). – Fru talman! Bombningarna i Aleppo fortsätter. I konflikten har totalt över 300 000 människor dött och miljontals är på flykt. EU har tagit emot många migranter medan Gulfstaterna i närheten inte gör nästan någonting. Detta trots att de i många fall delar samma kultur och språk.

Det som går i rätt riktning i denna konflikt är dock att territoriet minskar för mördarna i IS. Offensiven i Mosul och på flera andra håll går i rätt riktning, och jag ser med glädje att flera byar har befriats från denna terrorgrupp. Det är dock långt kvar till att striderna tar slut. Vi i Europa måste vara mer beredda än någonsin på att nya terrordåd kan ske här, med tanke på att det blir svårare för islamistiska terrorister att ansluta sig till IS.

Jag vill dock understryka vilket misslyckande EU:s gemensamma utrikespolitik har varit i denna konflikt. EU:s medlemsstater får snällt sitta på sidlinjen och titta på medan den ej demokratiskt valda EU-kommissionen fastslår agendan. Vad har detta lett till? Jo, till att Europas roll i världen har reducerats till att invänta vad USA och Ryssland gör, och sedan stå här och rösta om resolutioner. Europas och särskilt mitt lands roll i världen var mycket starkare innan EU fanns. Jag vill inte stå här om ett år och rösta om ännu en resolution. Om ni i EU-kommissionen har tänkt er att sköta utrikespolitiken åt oss vill vi se resultat snarast.

 
  
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  Laurenţiu Rebega (ENF). – Doamnă președintă, doamnă Înalt Reprezentant, este evident că de facto suveranitatea Siriei a fost grav încălcată. Este un teritoriu sfâșiat în care, în diverse zone, își exercită autoritatea diferite facțiuni. Intervențiile militare străine au înrăutățit această situație. Iarăși, este evident că, după atâția ani de război civil în care violențele și cruzimea au dus la uriașe pierderi de vieți omenești, o reconciliere națională va dura minim 20 de ani. Prelungirea războiului va duce la prelungirea acestei perioade sau/și la împărțirea actualului stat sirian în mai multe entități politice. Analizele arată că, în ultima vreme, actorii implicați își intensifică operațiunile militare pentru a putea ocupa un loc cât mai bun la masa negocierilor. Această intensificare a operațiunilor este plătită însă cu pierderi de vieți de către poporul sirian.

Uniunea Europeană ar fi putut juca un rol mult mai important în aplanarea conflictului și în blocarea organizațiilor teroriste. Din păcate, nu a făcut destul, iar implicarea a fost rigidă. Ori securitatea europeană depinde semnificativ de oprirea războiului și de aranjamentele post-conflict din Siria. Fac un apel către Consiliul European, către Comisie și către Înaltul Reprezentant să aibă în vedere, pe lângă intervențiile umanitare, și o politică mai activă și mai flexibilă, prin care să atingă aceste obiective.

 
  
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  Λάμπρος Φουντούλης ( NI). – Κύριε Πρόεδρε, η ορδή των φανατικών τρομοκρατών που η Δύση δημιούργησε, εξόπλισε και συνεχίζει να υποστηρίζει σύντομα θα εξαφανιστεί. Αισθάνεστε αμηχανία και προσπαθείτε με κάθε μέσο να αποτρέψετε τη συντριβή των μισθοφόρων που έχουν αιματοκυλίσει τη Συρία τα τελευταία έξι χρόνια. Στο πεδίο της μάχης πλέον κρίνεται το μέλλον των Σύρων και σύντομα θα πρέπει να προσαρμοστείτε σε νέα δεδομένα.

Επειδή πρέπει να τελειώνουμε μια και καλή με τους φανατικούς ισλαμιστές και με την υποκρισία, μπορεί να μου απαντήσει κάποιος στα ερωτήματα: πού ήταν η ευαισθησία της Ευρώπης όταν η Τουρκία εισέβαλε παράνομα στη Συρία; Αναβαθμίσατε το Μέτωπο Αλ Νούσρα από παρακλάδι της Αλ Κάιντα σε αξιοσέβαστο συνομιλητή, επειδή απλά άλλαξε όνομα;

Από τα μέσα μαζικής επικοινωνίας της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης συνεχίζετε την καθημερινή προπαγάνδα και την εσκεμμένη παραπληροφόρηση για το πόσο κακοί είναι οι Σύροι και οι Ρώσοι στο Χαλέπι και πόσο καλοί είναι οι κάθε λογής εκεί στασιαστές, αντικαθεστωτικοί ή ο δημοκρατικός στρατός, όπως αποκαλείται. Τα σχέδια αυτά ευτυχώς απέτυχαν και σύντομα αυτό θα είναι και επίσημο γεγονός. Ίσως στο μέλλον να βρεθεί μια νέα χώρα για να καταστρέψει η Δύση, αλλά να ξέρετε πως οι μέρες που μπορούσατε να καθορίζετε τις τύχες των λαών ανάλογα με τα συμφέροντά σας έχουν πια περάσει ανεπιστρεπτί.

 
  
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  David McAllister (PPE). – Sehr verehrte Frau Präsidentin, meine sehr geehrten Damen und Herren, liebe Kolleginnen und Kollegen! Meinen Vorrednern kann ich mich nur anschließen, die Lage in Syrien ist entsetzlich. Es fehlen einem die Worte, wie der Kollege Preda es umschrieben hat.

Dieser Konflikt oder – präziser – diese humanitäre Katastrophe kann nicht militärisch, sie muss politisch gelöst werden. Die Debatte heute Nachmittag hat trotz unterschiedlicher Auffassungen gezeigt: Wir in der Europäischen Union können unseren Beitrag leisten, damit die Friedensverhandlungen der Vereinten Nationen das Töten in Syrien beenden.

Frau Hohe Vertreterin, ich möchte Ihnen ebenfalls – auch persönlich – danken, dass Sie Ende Oktober beispielsweise nach Teheran und nach Riad gefahren sind, um nochmals auf eine friedliche Lösung des Konflikts in Syrien hinzuwirken. Ohne die Einbindung der regionalen Akteure wird es keinen Frieden in Syrien geben können. In der Tat, Russland muss endlich seiner Verantwortung gerecht werden. Ich teile die heute vorgetragene Kritik an Moskau.

Bei allen Anstrengungen, eine friedliche Lösung des Konflikts herbeizuführen, muss eines ebenfalls klar sein: Die menschenverachtenden Angriffe dürfen nicht folgenlos bleiben, und die Verantwortlichen müssen zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden.

 
  
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  Pier Antonio Panzeri (S&D). – Signora Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, negli ultimi giorni si sono succeduti attacchi indiscriminati contro scuole e ospedali, anche mediante l'utilizzo di armi chimiche. La popolazione è stremata dalla grave carenza di prodotti alimentari di base e forniture mediche nelle città controllate dalle parti in conflitto. La Siria, è stato detto, è logorata da sei anni di conflitto e ha urgente bisogno di una soluzione politica seria che coinvolga tutte le parti interessate.

Certo, l'Unione europea e le stesse Nazioni Unite devono svolge un ruolo di mediazione per rilanciare il processo di pace e garantire l'accesso umanitario. Ma ecco il punto: se non vogliamo che siano il caos e i rapporti di forza in campo a determinare un nuovo equilibrio nella regione, allora Le chiedo, signor Alto rappresentante, se non è venuto il tempo di compiere alcune scelte politiche che vadano oltre gli aspetti umanitari e che producano un vero e proprio punto di vista europeo sul quale deve essere questo nuovo equilibrio, evitando di lasciare il campo, da una parte, solo alla Russia, o agli intendimenti della nuova amministrazione americana.

 
  
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  Bas Belder (ECR). – Onder de paraplu van de Russische luchtmacht breidt de Islamitische Republiek Iran haar militaire invloed op het Syrische slagveld allengs uit. Onder supervisie van de Islamitische Revolutionaire Garde en haar gewillige Libanese instrument van de Hezbollah opereren daar tegenwoordig ook afzonderlijke brigades met tienduizenden sjiitische Pakistanen en Afghanen. Er wordt ook wel gesproken over de sjiisering van Syrië. De geopolitieke en hegemoniale doelstellingen van het ayatollahregime in Irak, Syrië en Libanon laten zich gemakkelijk raden. Zo ook het acute alarm bij de soennieten in de regio. Om maar niet te spreken van de staat Israël, waarvan de aanstaande vernietiging bij voortduring wordt geproclameerd door politieke en militaire leiders in Iran als vervolg op de inzet in Syrië.

Hoge Vertegenwoordiger, hoe kijkt u aan tegen het scenario van een regionale escalatie van het Syrische strijdtoneel en de aanjagende rol van Iran daarin? Is preventie met Europese inbreng nog mogelijk? Ik ben buitengewoon pessimistisch en ik denk dat de Irandeal daar treurig genoeg ook nog een aandeel in heeft.

 
  
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  Nicolas Bay (ENF). – Madame la Présidente, le nouveau président des États-Unis a reconnu la terrible responsabilité de ses prédécesseurs dans l'émergence de l'État islamique. Son élection à la tête de la première puissance mondiale devrait donc enfin changer la donne, d'autant qu'il a annoncé clairement qu'il allait s'associer aux Russes. Aux côtés des Syriens, ce sont en effet les seuls à lutter efficacement contre les barbares islamistes qui ravagent ce pays depuis plus de cinq ans maintenant. La situation serait évidemment pire aujourd'hui si les Américains avaient laissé MM. Hollande, Valls et Fabius faire en Syrie ce que MM. Sarkozy, Fillon et Juppé ont fait en Libye: la destruction totale du pays, livré aujourd'hui aux adeptes de la charia.

Il faut effectivement se donner les moyens d'éradiquer l'État islamique ainsi que les autres groupes djihadistes qui commettent des horreurs tout aussi détestables.

Il faut aider sur place les populations qui ont été les cibles de ces exactions, à commencer bien sûr par les chrétiens d'Orient, car la meilleure façon de les aider, c'est de leur permettre de continuer à vivre sur leurs terres ancestrales. Les aider ne consiste pas à les pousser à l'exil et au déracinement en leur faisant des promesses que nous ne pourrons pas tenir, car nous n'en avons pas les moyens.

 
  
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  Udo Voigt (NI). – Frau Präsidentin! Ja, wir sind in der Tat zum vierten oder fünften Mal hier, um über die Lage in Syrien zu sprechen. Wir sprechen immer wieder über die Wiederaufnahme der Bombardierungen. Warum ist das denn so? Es ist doch klar, dass diese Menschen diesen Krieg nur darum führen, weil sie Waffen erhalten. Und die Terroristen in Ost-Aleppo erhalten diese Waffenlieferungen eben über einen Korridor, der im Norden nach wie vor zur Türkei besteht, um gegen die entsprechenden Regierungstruppen zu kämpfen.

Es hat mich gefreut, dass Frau Mogherini genau mit denen gesprochen hat, die dafür verantwortlich sind, unter anderem mit der Türkei, mit den Außenministern von Saudi-Arabien und von Katar. Haben Sie, Frau Mogherini, aber auch über die Einstellung der Waffenlieferungen an die Terroristen verhandelt und gesprochen? Ich frage alle Kollegen hier in diesen 28 Mitgliedstaaten Europas: Welches Land in Europa oder auf der Welt erlaubt eine bewaffnete Opposition im eigenen Land? Es ist das Recht der Syrer, ihre eigene Souveränität zu verteidigen.

 
  
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  Lars Adaktusson (PPE). – Madam President, yesterday the Head of UN International Aid reported that the number of people living under siege in Syria has more than doubled over the last year. We are talking about one million people living under the most horrendous circumstances: isolated, starving, denied all humanitarian and medical assistance. Recently I travelled to Syria myself. I was invited by the Patriarch of the Syrian Orthodox Church, His Holiness Ignatius Aphrem. He took me to meetings with internally displaced persons (IDPs), with former hostages of the Islamic State and with leaders of the vulnerable Christian minorities. The overall message from all these suffering groups was very clear: please do not forget us, help us halt the violence.

The attacks on innocent civilians must stop. There is only one alternative to fighting to the bitter end. This only alternative is negotiations where all sides have to make concessions. Let us step up our efforts from the European side to make this possible. Let us increase our political pressure, on Russia especially, and on the regional actors feeding this very conflict.

 
  
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  Ana Gomes (S&D). – Vergonha é o que sinto como europeia por voltarmos a debater a Síria, sem nada se ter alterado. Alepo, inferno na terra, confronta-nos com homens, mulheres e crianças cruelmente bombardeados, escolas, hospitais, agentes humanitários e campos de refugiados deliberadamente atacados.

O Alto-Comissário da ONU para os Direitos Humanos pediu restrições ao veto dos P5 perante crimes de guerra, contra a humanidade ou genocídio, para ultrapassar a paralisia do Conselho de Segurança e levar os responsáveis pela carnificina na Síria ao Tribunal Penal Internacional. Porque não ouvimos a União Europeia a secundar este apelo, Sra. Mogherini?

A União Europeia e seus Estados—Membros têm sido incapazes de atuar estrategicamente, com sanções, corredores humanitários, no fly zones, ou o que quer que seja que faça alguma diferença pela paz na Síria. Permitimos, assim, a Putin ocupar o vazio em apoio do regime assassino de Assad e a grupos terroristas como o Daesh continuarem a massacrar o povo sírio com consequências diretas também para a segurança europeia.

Quando vamos perceber que, se não travarmos a guerra na Síria, estamos não apenas a fabricar mais refugiados, mas também a entregar gerações perdidas ao recrutamento terrorista?

 
  
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  Marcus Pretzell (ENF). – Frau Präsidentin, meine Damen und Herren! In Aleppo werden dieselben Terroristen bekämpft, wie sie in Paris, in Brüssel und anderen europäischen Städten zugeschlagen haben. Angesichts der sogenannten Erfolge der europäischen Außen- und Militärpolitik der vergangenen Jahre ist es einigermaßen anmaßend zu glauben, dass die Europäische Union Teil der Lösung – diesmal in Syrien – sein könnte.

Assad ist ein Diktator – gar keine Frage. Aber der Versuch, ihn zu beseitigen, hat Syrien ins Chaos gestürzt, hat eine Flüchtlingswelle in Richtung Europa ausgelöst, hat Terroristen nach Europa gespült und gleich auch noch eine Wanderungsbewegung aus Afrika und anderen Teilen der Welt nach Europa mitinitiiert.

Frau Mogherini! Die Türkei ist Teil des Problems – die Türkei, die bisher Partner der Europäischen Union war. Die USA sind Teil des Problems. Und ja, sicherlich wird auch Russland zur Lösung beitragen müssen. Es reicht aber nicht, auf Russland an dieser Stelle einzuschlagen.

 
  
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  László Tőkés (PPE). – Elnök Asszony, joggal állíthatjuk, hogy a szemünk előtt zajló szíriai háború a legnagyobb humanitárius válságot idézte elő a II. világháború óta. A nemzetközi erőfeszítések ellenére az országban a háborúskodások nem szűnnek, a polgári lakossággal szembeni kegyetlen bánásmód tovább tart, s ennek szenvedő alanyai között ott találhatók a nők, a gyermekek és az öregek. Aleppo helyzete különösképpen tragikus. Szíria egykori gazdasági központja romokban hever, az ellene irányuló totális légitámadások a védtelen lakosságot, sőt az egészségügyi intézményeket sem kímélik. Ezzel egyidőben az Iszlám Állam is országszerte garázdálkodik, és emberiesség elleni, illetve háborús bűnöknek minősülő sorozatos tömeggyilkosságokat követ el az őshonos keresztény és jazidi kisebbségek ellen.

A tarthatatlan helyzet végső soron csakis teljes körű nemzetközi összefogással volna rendezhető. Enélkül a válság tovább mélyül, és esély sem nyílik a tartós béke megteremtésére. Az Európai Uniónak az eddiginél is nagyobb szerepet kell vállalnia a szíriai válság megoldásában, utóbb pedig a menekültek hazatérésében, a társadalom, a szemben álló felek megbékítésében és az ország újjáépítésében.

 
  
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  Afzal Khan (S&D). – Madam President, Madam Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the last time I spoke about Syria I called for a no-fly zone against Syrian Government planes. I repeat this plea again as an urgent and necessary measure to ensure civilian protection. The need to protect civilians is paramount to any political process. Residents of Aleppo are at risk of extermination if we do not act now.

If we cannot trust Assad and Russia to stop bombing hospitals and schools how can we trust them to engage with them and implement a political solution? All EU states should develop and implement mechanisms to ensure that war criminals from the Syrian conflict are held to account. This is especially critical in light of Russia's veto of any accountability mechanism through the UN Security Council. I welcome the recent decisions to review EU sanctions against Syria. However, more needs to be done in this regard. Europeans want sanctions against the Assad regime, Russia and Iran.

 
  
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  Mariya Gabriel (PPE). – Madame la Présidente, Madame la Haute représentante, tout d'abord, sur le plan humanitaire, nous devons sans relâche continuer nos efforts pour sécuriser l'aide humanitaire, protéger les civils et notamment faciliter une trêve générale autour d'Alep. Notre action au niveau local, comme vous l'avez souligné à juste titre, est primordiale.

Ensuite, Madame la Haute représentante, vous méritez nos félicitations et tous nos encouragements dans le travail de médiation que vous effectuez en essayant de créer les conditions favorables à la reprise d'un processus politique intrasyrien sous l'égide des Nations unies. Sous votre impulsion, l'Union peut trouver sa place de médiateur.

Les contacts du monde diplomatique sont primordiaux avec les acteurs régionaux, mais à d'autres niveaux aussi, l'Union doit anticiper ses actions, y compris en matière de réconciliation. Avec quels acteurs de la société civile, du monde académique, religieux et économique pensez-vous travailler? L'inclusivité du processus est essentielle pour une solution politique durable.

Enfin, l'Union devra aider à la reconstruction du pays. Nous devons anticiper l'immense travail de la reconstruction physique, le retour des réfugiés, le rétablissement de l'infrastructure économique et la création de l'emploi. Cela ne sera pas à nous de créer ni de mettre en place une stratégie d'après-guerre, mais bien aux Syriens. De notre côté, si nous voulons être un partenaire crédible et fiable de la Syrie de demain, nous devons nous assurer que nous serons au rendez-vous au bon moment, sans retard et sans délai.

Vous avez répondu dans votre introduction à ma question "comment nous préparons-nous avec les partenaires régionaux?", et je vous encourage à continuer dans cette direction.

 
  
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  Javi López (S&D). – Señora Presidenta, señora Mogherini, Alta Representante, tras seis años de guerra en Siria continuamos viendo como Al-Asad, Rusia, las potencias regionales o el extremismo islámico continúan chapoteando bajo la sangre de centenares de miles de civiles sirios y que nuestra estrategia de apoyo a de Mistura, sobre el territorio, de encontrar una salida negociada para el enviado especial, apoyando al enviado especial, está siendo insuficiente. Porque hay un bloqueo sobre el territorio de Damasco y hay un bloqueo, de igual forma, en el Consejo de Seguridad de Rusia. Y, al mismo tiempo, durante las últimas semanas y meses se recrudecían los ataques, especialmente en el este de Alepo, ataques, sin duda, cometidos en forma de crímenes de guerra.

Por ello, es absolutamente necesario que alcemos la voz, que utilicemos todas nuestras herramientas en materia de política exterior para que llegue la ayuda humanitaria, que, a día de hoy, no somos capaces de enviar. Porque al final no va a quedar nada sobre ese país.

 
  
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  György Hölvényi (PPE). – Elnök Asszony, engedje meg, hogy gratuláljak! Én nagyon örülök, amit elmondott. Itt ugye a jövőről beszélt, és van, aki ezt nehezményezte. Én úgy gondolom, hogy igenis, a jövőről is kell nekünk itt beszélni, főleg annak az összefüggésében, hogy nincsen hadseregünk, és a politikai megoldásra kell törekedni. A frakció, az Európai Néppárt autentikus forrásokból igyekszik tájékozódni a Közel-Keletről. Számos tényfeltáró utazást tettünk, és meghallgatjuk folyamatosan a helyi vallások és a népcsoportok vezetőit, legyenek ezek keresztények vagy muzulmánok. A vezetők világos javaslatait meg kell hallani Európának. Megbékélés, meg kell őrizni a szekuláris állam berendezkedését a jövő Szíriájában. Fel kell függeszteni a nemzetközi kapcsolatokat a szélsőségeseket finanszírozó szereplőkkel. Nagyon keveset tettünk ebben. Fenn kell tartani a sokszínű társadalom évszázados egyensúlyait. Nagyon vigyázni kell erre. S ami a leglényegesebb, hogy semmit a helyiek nélkül, helyettük, mert akkor csak megint saját rövid távú politikai céljukat használjuk ki, ha más szempontból is.

 
  
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  Josef Weidenholzer (S&D). – Frau Präsidentin! Der syrische Bürgerkrieg ist das wohl tragischste Kapitel dieses Jahrzehnts. Fast die Hälfte der Bevölkerung wurde vertrieben – innerhalb Syriens, in die Nachbarländer und nach Europa –, über 400 000 Menschen wurden getötet, unvorstellbare Grausamkeiten wurden begangen, Städte wurden bombardiert, ausgehungert, Hunderttausende Menschen haben keinen Zugang zu medizinischer Versorgung. Ein Frieden ist weiter denn je entfernt, und er ist notwendiger denn je. Es ist zu wenig, darauf zu hoffen, dass der Prozess schließlich doch in die Gänge kommen wird, und es ist auch nicht Platz für wechselseitige Schuldzuweisungen. Es geht um kurzfristige Maßnahmen, um humanitäre Maßnahmen. Es ist gut zu wissen, dass Europa da vorangeht: die Lieferung von Nahrung und medizinischer Versorgung, die Evakuierung besonders gefährdeter Menschen und schließlich auch die Unterstützung der befreiten Gebiete, in denen keine Kampfhandlungen mehr stattfinden, wie etwa in Rodschawa.

Mittelfristig braucht es aber neues Engagement bei den Friedensverhandlungen. Europa ist nicht direkt in den Konflikt involviert. Das kann man als Schwäche auslegen, es bedeutet aber auch eine Chance, und die sollte Europa nutzen, allerdings gemeinsam und nicht im Sololauf einzelner Mitgliedstaaten. Das Mandat der Hohen Vertreterin für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik sollte großzügig und umfassend ausgeweitet werden, und wir haben gesehen, dass sie eine sehr verlässliche und wichtige Person in diesen Verhandlungen ist.

(Der Redner ist damit einverstanden, eine Frage nach dem Verfahren der „blauen Karte“ gemäß Artikel 162 Absatz 8 der Geschäftsordnung zu beantworten.)

 
  
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  Paul Rübig (PPE), Frage nach dem Verfahren der „blauen Karte“. – Herr Kollege Weidenholzer! Wir alle kennen die Situation in Syrien und die Konfrontation, die derzeit mit der Türkei stattfindet. Glauben Sie, dass es möglich ist, die Flüchtlinge nicht nur in der Türkei abzusichern, sondern vor allem auch auf ihrem eigenen Gebiet? Und welche humanitären Leistungen können wir hier erbringen, um den Flüchtlingen eine Rückkehr in ihre Heimat zu erleichtern und zu ermöglichen? Glauben Sie, dass auch die Tätigkeit von Selbständigen sowie von kleinen und mittleren Betrieben dazu helfen könnte, die Bevölkerung vor Ort besser zu versorgen?

 
  
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  Josef Weidenholzer (S&D), Antwort auf eine Frage nach dem Verfahren der „blauen Karte“. – Die Hohe Vertreterin hat schon davon gesprochen, dass wir auch über das Nachher nachdenken müssen. Es ist wichtig, in jenen Gebieten, wo Sicherheit besteht, auch den Menschen die Rückkehr zu ermöglichen. Ich kenne sehr viele Menschen, die etwa in die Region Rodschawa zurückkehren wollen und darauf warten, aber es momentan noch nicht können.

In diesem Zusammenhang ist es auch wichtig – weil auch die Klein- und Mittelbetriebe angeschnitten wurden –, dass man gerade auch Menschen, die sich jetzt in der Diaspora befinden, dazu bewegt, tätig zu werden und den Aufbauprozess zu unterstützen.

 
  
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  Laima Liucija Andrikienė (PPE). – Madam President, many believe that Russia has become involved in Syria in order to divert attention away from the conflict in Ukraine. Ukraine today represents the failure of the Kremlin’s imperial policy, because this country has become one of the most hostile to the Russian state. Russia is experiencing international isolation and sanctions, and all this raises serious political and economic problems inside the country. The Russian people did not need another war in distant Syria. Moreover, the Syrian conflict has not weakened western attention to Ukraine.

It seems that, by bombing civilians in Syria, Putin is trying to prove that Russia is more than a regional power, as President Obama called it. The Kremlin has achieved this goal, at least temporarily, as the Syrian conflict can no longer be solved without Moscow’s participation. The Kremlin becoming a serious player in Syria and the whole Middle East has its price. One should not forget that the Kremlin considers the United States of America as its most important rival in the world. Never, even in the Cold War years, has the world been so close to uncontrolled serious military conflict as now, so finding a ceasefire in Syria is of crucial importance.

 
  
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  Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio (PPE). – Señora Presidenta, tras seis años de guerra en Siria, nos hemos inmunizado ante el horror. Pues no: no podemos volvernos inmunes ante la matanza de niños.

Las palabras empiezan a sonar huecas ante las imágenes de tanto dolor; y ya no somos creíbles, porque somos incapaces de frenar el sufrimiento de millones de sirios, que miran hacia nosotros esperanzados.

Tenemos que encontrar una solución política urgente. Tenemos que obligar a quienes bombardean a un cese al fuego inmediato porque, como bien han dicho, no llega la ayuda humanitaria, y eso es una vergüenza.

Y necesitamos también que, para una verdadera paz que nazca de la justicia, quienes han cometido estos crímenes de guerra sean procesados por tribunales internacionales.

(La oradora acepta responder a una pregunta formulada con arreglo al procedimiento de la «tarjeta azul» (artículo 162, apartado 8, del Reglamento))

 
  
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  Γεώργιος Επιτήδειος ( NI), ερώτηση με «γαλάζια κάρτα». – Επειδή, όπως ενδεχομένως γνωρίζετε, η κατάληψη μιας κατοικημένης περιοχής, όπως είναι το Χαλέπι, είναι, από στρατιωτικής απόψεως, δύσκολη και χρονοβόρα και ενδέχεται να κρατήσει πολύ χρονικό διάστημα, πώς θα βλέπατε την πρόταση να προβεί η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση σε ενέργειες προκειμένου να εκκενωθεί η ανατολική πλευρά του Χαλεπίου από τους αμάχους, ούτως ώστε να μη χρησιμοποιούνται αυτοί ως ανθρώπινη ασπίδα και να μην υπάρχουν θύματα μεταξύ του αμάχου πληθυσμού, και κυρίως των παιδιών;

 
  
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  Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio (PPE), respuesta de «tarjeta azul». – Sí, por supuesto que me parecería una buena solución. De lo que estamos hablando es de abrir corredores, por supuesto, corredores para que entre la ayuda humanitaria y se cure a los heridos y no se bombardeen hospitales, pero también para dejar salir a la sociedad civil y a las víctimas, a los más vulnerables, como son los niños, los ancianos y las mujeres. Y por supuesto que la Unión Europea debería implicarse.

 
  
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  Die Präsidentin. – Wir kommen nun zum Catch-the-eye-Verfahren. Ich habe zahlreiche Meldungen. Ich werde von jeder Fraktion eine oder einen drannehmen und von den beiden größten Fraktionen je zwei.

Catch-the-eye-Verfahren

 
  
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  Patricija Šulin (PPE). – Prihodnost Sirije je vedno bolj negotova, saj so se napadi na Alepo in tudi na druge dele Sirije okrepili. Ostro je potrebno obsoditi napade na civilno prebivalstvo in na pomanjkanje dostopa do prepotrebne humanitarne pomoči za ljudi v Siriji, kot tudi napade na konvoje s humanitarno pomočjo. Tako so največje žrtve – ženske, otroci in starejši –, ostali brez dostopa do humanitarne pomoči, do hrane, vode in zdravstvene oskrbe.

Pozdravljam sodelovanje Evropske unije z Združenimi narodi, ki poskuša urediti problem na tem področju. Ostro je potrebno obsoditi ravnanje Putina, Rusije in Asadovega režima. Evropska unija si mora še naprej prizadevati za dosego miru in imeti mora pomembnejšo, posredniško vlogo za dosego mirovnega sporazuma za Sirijo.

 
  
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  Jean-Paul Denanot (S&D). – Madame la Présidente, Madame la Haute représentante, il se trouve que j'ai eu l'occasion, avec Paul Rubig d'ailleurs, de visiter un camp de réfugiés syriens en Turquie, à une centaine de kilomètres d'Alep, et j'ai mesuré la détresse de ces femmes et de ces hommes qui, ne pouvant plus vivre dans leur pays, leur région, leur ville, ont décidé de partir, tout simplement pour sauver leur vie. Ils n'ont qu'une envie, c'est de rentrer chez eux. Bien entendu, ce n'est pas possible tant qu'il y a la guerre. Ils nous supplient, nous, Européens, de faire quelque chose pour leur permettre un jour de retrouver leur sol.

C'est une guerre compliquée où les acteurs belliqueux s'enchevêtrent, chacun apportant son lot de malheurs: les grandes nations, avec en tête la Russie que vous avez citée plusieurs fois, mais aussi les pays voisins et, bien sûr, Bachar Al-Assad ainsi que les terroristes de Daech.

Dans ce contexte, je crois que l'Union européenne a un double devoir: d'abord, tout faire pour mettre fin à la guerre et obtenir un cessez-le-feu, puis acheminer l'aide humanitaire.

Madame Mogherini, vous avez beaucoup travaillé. Nous comptons sur vous pour continuer dans cette voie.

 
  
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  Νότης Μαριάς ( ECR). – Κυρία Πρόεδρε, η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση συζητά διαρκώς την κατάσταση στη Συρία και οι περισσότεροι συμφωνούν ότι η κατάσταση είναι κρίσιμη. Στην πράξη, όμως, άλλες δυνάμεις είναι αυτές που μάχονται και δίνουν διέξοδο σε έναν πόλεμο που, όπως ξέρουμε, ξεκίνησε με τις ευλογίες κάποιων ευρωπαϊκών δυνάμεων. Ούτε το Daesh ούτε καμιά άλλη φονταμενταλιστική ομάδα δεν πρέπει να επικρατήσει με οποιοδήποτε τρόπο, σε οποιοδήποτε σημείο στο Ιράκ ή στη Συρία.

Ταυτόχρονα, το τελευταίο διάστημα πρέπει να αντιμετωπιστεί και ο παράγοντας του τουρκικού επεκτατισμού, που, με πρόσχημα την καταπολέμηση της τρομοκρατίας, επιχειρεί να σπάσει το ενιαίο μέτωπο που έχουν δημιουργήσει οι Κούρδοι κατά του Daesh.

Η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση οφείλει, λοιπόν, να κρατήσει την Τουρκία μακριά από τα πεδία αυτά και να την καλέσει να σεβαστεί το διεθνές δίκαιο και τις δεσμεύσεις της όσον αφορά την εξεύρεση μιας βιώσιμης λύσης στη Συρία, αλλά και όσον αφορά την αντιμετώπιση των προσφυγικών ροών που αναμένεται εκ νέου να ενταθούν. Για τον λόγο αυτό, είναι απαραίτητη πλέον η συνεργασία της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης, των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών και με τη Ρωσία για την καταπολέμηση του ισλαμισμού στην ευρύτερη περιοχή.

 
  
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  Ivan Jakovčić (ALDE). – Gospođo predsjednice, gospođo Mogherini, ovaj rat traje predugo. Potpuno se slažem s vama da Europa treba uložiti maksimalne napore, mogu se složiti s vama da Europa i vi osobno imate kredibilitet u pregovorima, ali ovaj rat traje predugo. Kao da se možda niti ne želi završiti. Ne vjerujem da će taj dio svijeta biti miran ako bude velikih pobjednika u tom ratu. Treba se čim prije dogovoriti zbog stradanja svih nevinih ljudi u tom ratu.

Molim vas, nemojte pristati i prihvatiti rješenja, kao što se priča da bi moglo biti, po uzoru na ono što se dogodilo u Bosni i Hercegovini. Ne samo zato što će to biti nefunkcionalna država, nego zato što će to biti mogućnost stalnog novog ratnog sukoba. A na Bliskom istoku, kao što nažalost znamo, to je svakodnevni slučaj.

 
  
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  Fabio Massimo Castaldo (EFDD). – Signora Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, oggi abbiamo affrontato il tema della gestione della ricostruzione postbellica ma, in realtà, mi sembrano miraggi lontani, visto che ancora sentiamo sullo sfondo fischiare le bombe e vediamo davanti ai nostri occhi un dramma umanitario di cui tutti sono responsabili, non solamente certi attori geopolitici. E a tutt'oggi molti di questi attori si illudono ancora di poter vincere sul campo o, quanto meno, di poter strappare quanto più vantaggio possibile in vista del tavolo delle trattative.

La realtà è che davanti a noi c'è uno scenario in cui potremmo, come Unione europea, essere sorpassati dalle scelte e dagli accordi della nuova amministrazione americana, della Russia, degli altri attori regionali – cito ad esempio il riavvicinamento tra la Turchia e Israele, ma lo stesso riavvicinamento tra la Russia e la Turchia.

La priorità è ottenere una vera tregua, stabile e credibile. E questo non può che partire da una proposta realista e pragmatica, ad esempio con una larga autonomia delle regioni, una Siria federale o comunque tripartita.

Non credo che le visioni e gli attacchi manichei ci aiuteranno a uscire da questo dramma umanitario e, se non saremo noi i protagonisti, come attori realisti e pragmatici, temo che invece saremo spettatori delle scelte altrui.

 
  
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  Franz Obermayr (ENF). – Frau Präsidentin! Auch wenn es manche im Haus nicht begreifen wollen oder können: Syrien zeigt deutlich, was passiert, wenn man blind Islamisten, sogenannte Freiheitskämpfer, unterstützt. Hätte man von Anfang an Russland eingebunden, statt Saudi-Arabien und Iran Stellvertreterkriege führen zu lassen, würden jetzt nicht Hunderte, Millionen Menschen unter ständiger Belagerung leben, würden nicht Tausende gestorben sein und Millionen auf der Flucht.

Es sollte eigentlich, Frau Mogherini, ein unmittelbares Ziel für uns geben, nämlich ein Ziel, die Region Aleppo zu einer entmilitarisierten Zone zu machen, kontrolliert von der UNO, ohne lokales Militär, ohne die Interventionen der Türkei und Saudi-Arabiens, ohne Milizen und ohne die angeblichen sogenannten Freiheitskämpfer, die als feige Marodeure die Bevölkerung als Schutzschild nehmen und sich hinter diesen Leuten verbergen und verstecken.

 
  
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  Ελευθέριος Συναδινός ( NI). – Κυρία Πρόεδρε, μετά και την εκλογή Trump στις ΗΠΑ, την αναθεώρηση της στρατηγικής προσέγγισης του ΝΑΤΟ, την αποκάλυψη των πραγματικών προθέσεων του Ερντογάν στην Τουρκία και την υποστήριξη της Ρωσίας στην επίσημη κυβέρνηση της Συρίας, ελπίζω ότι επιτέλους η κατάσταση στην περιοχή θα επιλυθεί.

Είναι πλέον καιρός να αλλάξει και η αντίστοιχη προσέγγιση της Ευρώπης. Να σταματήσει η υποστήριξη στη λεγόμενη μετριοπαθή αντιπολίτευση της Συρίας, που στην πραγματικότητα σφάζει, λεηλατεί, βιάζει, διακινεί παράνομα πετρέλαιο με την Τουρκία, προωθεί τον ακραίο ισλαμισμό και εθνοκτονεί Σύρους, Γεζίντι, Πεσμεργκά και χριστιανούς. Οι πολιτικοί υπερασπιστές των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων και του κράτους δικαίου υποκρίνονται και κωφεύουν χαρακτηριστικά στις κραυγές αγωνίας και τους επιθανάτιους ρόγχους αθώων ανθρώπων, γυναικών και παιδιών στη Συρία. Ως Ευρωπαίοι πρέπει να συνταχθούμε με τις δυνάμεις που μάχονται το ισλαμικό μόρφωμα του ISIS και να σταματήσουμε τον κίνδυνο εξάπλωσης των εχθρών του πολιτισμού και του χριστιανισμού.

 
  
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  Tomáš Zdechovský (PPE). – Válka je vždy zlá a já, paní komisařko, děkuji za to, že vy vyvíjíte úsilí k jejímu ukončení. Válka v Sýrii je totiž pro nás pro všechny výzvou.

Kdo si představil před 6 lety, že tato válka bude trvat opravdu tak dlouho a že strany, které vypadaly, že zasednou k jednacímu stolu, nikdy k jednacímu stolu nezasedly nebo k jednacímu stolu nikdy nezasednou.

Moje otázka směřuje k tomu, paní komisařko, co děláte pro to, aby se boje, které dnes vidíme v Sýrii, nepřelily dál? Je otázka, aby se nepřelily například do Egypta, aby příslušníci ISIS nepřešli například do Libye nebo do dalších nestabilních zemí. To si myslím, že je důležitá otázka při řešení konfliktů nejen v Sýrii.

 
  
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  Nicola Caputo (S&D). – Signora Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, la Siria è oggi al centro di una tragedia umanitaria, conseguenza di una guerra che forse sta registrando in questo periodo la fase più cruenta e delicata. La ripresa delle incursioni aeree delle forze russe e siriane potrebbe generare un'immane catastrofe umanitaria ad Aleppo. Oxfam, Syrian American Medical Society e Big Heart Foundation hanno lanciato un appello per una completa cessazione del conflitto in atto, declinando la drammaticità del quadro umanitario con oltre 250 000 persone intrappolate nella città, che si apprestano ad affrontare l'inverno con scorte di cibo e acqua in esaurimento e strutture sanitarie ormai al collasso.

Non c'è possibilità di risolvere la crisi siriana con le armi: la soluzione militare non fa altro che provocare maggiore sofferenza. È necessario fare, oggi più che mai, uno sforzo diplomatico. Questa opzione rimane l'unica strada per uscire dalla crisi siriana e fermare l'orrore che questa guerra si sta portando dietro.

Grazie, Presidente Mogherini, per quanto sta facendo.

 
  
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  Reinhard Bütikofer (Verts/ALE). – Frau Präsidentin! Ich höre hier zu, wie von rechts außen mit einem Zynismus, der mich immer noch überrascht und immer noch empört, zurechtgebetet wird, was unerträglich ist. Herr Obermayr zum Beispiel hat gesagt, man hätte Russland früher einbinden müssen. Glauben Sie denn, Herr Obermayr, dass die aktuellen Bombardements russischer Flugzeuge gegen Krankenhäuser in Ost-Aleppo immer noch nötig sind, um zu unterstreichen, dass Russland rechtzeitig hätte eingebunden werden müssen? Das ist doch der absurdeste Zynismus, den man hier artikulieren kann. Schämen Sie sich! Sie können nicht für die europäischen Werte sprechen!

 
  
 

(Ende des Catch-the-eye-Verfahrens)

 
  
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  Federica Mogherini, Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. – Madam President, honourable Members, last month you adopted a resolution on Syria clearly asking the European Union – which means in this case me personally – to play a more pronounced role as a European Union. So collectively, all our institutions together, all our Member States together – the institutions together means also Parliament – were called on to play a more pronounced role in mediating a peace deal for Syria. I remember very well, during the State of the Union speech in September, not only President Juncker but many of you called for a pronounced work of the European Union on the future of Syria. This is why it is quite surprising for me to hear some of you say that we should not focus on the future of Syria. I would invite some coherence here in what we ask ourselves to do.

I heard very clearly the first two interventions here, by Mr Preda and Mr Boştinaru, prioritising the two key elements of our work: first, delivering humanitarian aid and making sure this can happen; second, using all the diplomatic tools we have to find, or rather to build, a political solution to put an end to the war in Syria. This is exactly the work we are doing: providing humanitarian aid, together with the UN, together with international agencies, together with international NGOs, with our people on the ground, still. You cannot imagining how difficult the conditions are, or maybe you can, and talking to all relevant players in the region to try and open ways for the political solution to the crisis. So if we are the ones, not some of them, but the ones financing humanitarian aid and making sure it can be delivered –obviously this does not depend only on us – but if we were not there, for sure there would be no humanitarian aid at all in the country.

Secondly, if we are the ones today still keeping open the talks, the dialogue, in a situation that otherwise is rather stalled, then I am sorry: I do not share the views of the few of you who have said that Europe should be ashamed. I believe we are not the ones who should be ashamed about Syria. We are doing our job, finally, maybe, but we are. The point is, this is not enough. We need the unity of the international community, so this is also part of our work. Six years of war; five years of polarisation in the international community. You remember that very well.

This year for the first time, thanks in part to our work in the international support group, we managed to have unity in the Security Council for the first time ever – even though we are not a member of the Security Council. You know that very well, but we managed to facilitate consensus in the Security Council twice, and those were the only weeks where aid was delivered, Syrians were getting out into the streets, trying to live a normal life again. These are the efforts we have to make in order to continue to build the unity of the international community. Otherwise, our efforts alone will be necessary and indispensable. We will continue to do that, but doing so alone would not be enough. We have to be a key player, but we cannot pretend we will be the only player. We have to build alliances, starting with those we have worked with well these past months.

We have our role to play, and we are now playing it fully. This was maybe not necessarily the case in past years in the first years of the conflict, but here, now, the European Union is there, politically and from a humanitarian perspective – not from a military perspective. This is not because we do not have a European army, but because of a clear political decision that was taken and I am sincerely proud that we are not a military player on the ground. We are not part of the war in Syria. Having said that, why focus on post-conflict? Some of you asked this and some others explained why, but let me say a few words on that.

Firstly, many conflicts in the past were solved exactly when the parties started to see the endgame shaping up. Sometimes it works, sometimes it does not, but we are facing a war and a crisis that does not allow us to leave any of the possibilities untried. When you start shaping the endgame, the parties would feel more confident engaging in direct talks, so this is a contribution we can make to the UN efforts to restart direct talks and find common ground.

Secondly, we need to be ready for the construction – the reconstruction – of Syria. At a certain moment, it will come; it will cost an enormous amount of money. How many conflicts in our region have faced the problem of nothing following the end of the conflict and have thus fallen back into conflict after maybe a few months or a few years? Working on post-conflict reconstruction today is fundamental so as to be ready at the moment when arms are finally laid down.

Thirdly, to give hope to the Syrians – not only to the refugees, but also to the internally displaced people and those that are still living in Syria in their own communities; to offer positive incentives; to offer the dividends for peace that make it possible for the parties to engage. Last but not least, you mentioned empowering the local players that can still be a force for good in their country – the women, the small experiences of civil society that are still struggling, the churches, the communities that are taking care of their own everyday lives, the children, and the women. This is work that the European Union does, but does not expect any of the big military players to do on the ground.

We can be – and we are – a force for good in Syria. Others are not, true – definitely true! We cannot delete this issue, but we can maybe compensate, maybe engage, or maybe encourage a more positive dynamic on the ground and diplomatically. This is the work we are doing. I thank you for the support in this effort. It will be needed, because it will not be something that we will solve in one week or one month. I am sure that we are now on the right track as regards what the European Union can and should do, and what it finally is doing.

 
  
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  Die Präsidentin. – Zum Abschluss der Aussprache wurden gemäß Artikel 123 Absatz 2 der Geschäftsordnung acht Entschließungsanträge eingereicht.

Die Aussprache ist geschlossen.

Die Abstimmung findet am Donnerstag, 24. November 2016, statt.

Schriftliche Erklärungen (Artikel 162 GO)

 
  
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  Lorenzo Cesa (PPE), per iscritto. – Siamo sconcertati davanti alle continue violenze che continuano a vessare il popolo siriano. Condanniamo con forza gli attacchi sferrati contro i convogli di aiuti umanitari, le gravi violazioni del diritto internazionale umanitario ed i probabili crimini di guerra. Il rispetto dei diritti umani e delle minoranze religiose, comprese quelle dei cristiani, sono importantissimi. È necessario per il popolo siriano continuare a vivere pacificamente nei territori che storicamente e tradizionalmente sono parte loro paese, nella dignità, nell'uguaglianza e nella sicurezza, e di praticare la loro religione e il loro credo. L'Unione europea e gli Stati del Quintetto (Stati Uniti, Francia, Germania, Italia e Regno Unito) hanno un ruolo importante nell'individuazione di una soluzione politica al conflitto siriano. È importante appoggiare una tempestiva azione concreta che coinvolga urgentemente l'Assemblea generale e l'operato dell'inviato speciale delle Nazione Unite.

 
  
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  Birgit Collin-Langen (PPE), schriftlich. – Ich unterstützte die Entschließung. Die Kampfhandlungen müssen unverzüglich eingestellt werden. Nur dann kann der Weg für die Wiederaufnahme der Verhandlungen über den politischen Wandel des Landes geebnet werden. Als Abgeordnete haben wir nur die Möglichkeit, mithilfe unserer Entschließungen an alle Beteiligten zu appellieren, die humanitäre Nothilfe für ganz Syrien zuzulassen und das Töten von Zivilpersonen sofort einzustellen. Die großflächige und systematische Verletzung der Menschenrechte muss aufhören! Dies gilt auch für die Blockadepolitik Russlands im VN-Sicherheitsrat.

 
  
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  Kinga Gál (PPE), írásban. – A szíriai helyzet tragikus, a civil lakosok és gyermekek védelme prioritást kell, hogy élvezzen! Ugyanakkor nem szabad elfelejtenünk, hogy a menekülést kiváltó okok egyszer meg fognak szűnni és akkor az a közös érdekünk, hogy a szír menekültek majd visszatérhessenek hazájukba. Ezért arra kell törekednünk, hogy megsegítsük az olyan nagy menekülttáboroknak otthont adó, Szíriával szomszédos országokat, mint Törökország, Libanon vagy Jordánia. Fontos, hogy a menekülésre kényszerített emberek a hazájukhoz közeli táborokban megfelelő életkörülmények között élhessenek. Hogyha ezt nem tudjuk biztosítani nekik, akkor életüket kockáztatva indulhatnak el újabb tömegek Európába.

Fontos még a megfelelő oktatás biztosítása a menekülttáborokban a gyermekek részére, amely elengedhetetlen az egészséges fejlődésükhöz, de saját közösségük jövője szempontjából is, ugyanis nem eshet ki egész generáció az oktatásból. Magyarország már a válság kezdete óta azon az állásponton van, hogy a menekülteket hazájuk közelében kell megsegíteni, és ezért jelentős összegeket különített el humanitárius segítségnyújtás céljából, valamint egyházi kezdeményezéssel több száz libanoni, jordániai és észak-iraki menekülttáborokban élő gyermek oktatási költségét is biztosítja.

 
  
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  Jarosław Kalinowski (PPE), na piśmie. – Informacje, które nieprzerwanie docierają do nas z Syrii od czasu rozpoczęcia konfliktu w tym kraju, są przerażające i tragiczne. Gwałcone są prawa człowieka, codziennie giną cywile, bombardowane są szpitale. Fanatyczni terroryści nie mają żadnych hamulców i skrupułów, a mieszkańcy Syrii żyją w strachu i bojaźni, czy przetrwają do następnego dnia. Chociaż Unia Europejska dostarcza Syryjczykom wszelkiej niezbędnej pomocy humanitarnej, niestety nadal nie jest ona wystarczająca.

Należy także zwrócić uwagę na fakt, że Rosja i Turcja wspierają reżim Baszara al-Asada. Do Syrii jest dostarczana broń i jest rzeczą oczywistą, że w ten proceder zaangażowane są właśnie te kraje. Unia Europejska nie może akceptować popierania terroru, nasze decyzje powinny być bardziej surowe niż np. nałożenie sankcji. Potrzebne są rozmowy dotyczące dalszej polityki wobec sprzymierzeńców al-Asada. Unia absolutnie nie może być bierna w tej kwestii, a jej przedstawiciele nie powinni używać tylko pustych słów. To, czego potrzebuje teraz Syria, to szybkie i stanowcze działanie, prowadzące do zakończenia konfliktu.

 
  
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  Marijana Petir (PPE), napisan. – Gospođo Visoka predstavnice, kada je Sirija u pitanju - podbacili smo. Potrošili smo toliko riječi na rat i humanitarnu krizu u Siriji i na uspostavu globalnih sporazuma koji nisu bili djelotvorni. Za genocid kršćana koji se tamo dogodio i još uvijek se događa, EU je odgovorna jer trguje s onima koji financiraju islamističke teroriste. Tisuće ljudi treba našu pomoć u Alepu, 250 tisuća ljudi je ubijeno od početka rata, a 11 milijuna Sirijaca je raseljeno. U Siriji i susjednim zemljama nalazi se 8,4 milijuna djece koja trebaju pomoć. Stanovnici Sirije pomažu jedni drugima dok mi raspravljamo kako bismo im pomogli. Progonjeni muslimani sklanjaju se u kršćanske crkve i tamo dobivaju pomoć od kršćana kojih je u sirijskim gradovima preostao neznatan broj. Potrebno je postići hitan dogovor oko dostave humanitarne pomoći u Alep kako bi ona došla do onih kojima treba. I važno je osigurati mir, kako bi djeca Sirije mogla odrastati u svojim domovima.

 
  
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  Csaba Sógor (PPE), in writing. – As the Syrian warplanes renewed their bombing on Aleppo on 15 November and the Russians started new offensives against rebels resolute to resist in their strongholds, one thing is sure in this prolonged chaos: The fighting will lead to even more death and destruction in a region already utterly devastated by war. The Russian and Syrian air strikes have already killed hundreds of civilians, and destroyed neighbourhoods, hospitals and schools. Witnessing all this, I do not doubt that Ms Mogherini agrees with me that the EU needs to upscale its diplomatic role in the Middle East, especially considering that besides Russia wreaking havoc in the region, the uncertainties brought by the result of the US elections are now also on the cards. It is extremely important that we do all that we can so that hostilities stop, humanitarian aid is delivered and post-conflict discussion starts as fast as possible.

 
Aviz juridic - Politica de confidențialitate