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Quarta-feira, 12 de Fevereiro de 2020 - Estrasburgo Edição revista

25. Internet melhor para as crianças (debate)
Vídeo das intervenções
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  Elnök asszony. – A következő pont a Bizottság nyilatkozata a Jobb internet a gyermekek számára szóló vita (2020/2547(RSP)).

 
  
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  Helena Dalli, Member of the Commission. – Madam President, our debate today cannot be more topical, as yesterday we celebrated the Safer Internet Day across Europe and the world for the 17th time since its launch in 2004. We want to ensure children and young people grow up to become confident adults, skilled and respected both online and offline. Making the internet safe for children remains a priority. Children are one third of internet users and an estimated 800 million of them use social media.

Let me also recall that one of this Commission’s top six political priorities is to build a Europe fit for the digital age, allowing everyone in Europe, including children, to benefit from technology within safe and ethical boundaries. The Commission has been very active on this issue over the years, with actions ranging from funding and coordination with Member States to hard law.

The European strategy for a better internet for children – the big strategy – is our framework for making the internet a trusted place for children and young people. It has been in place since 2012 and has successfully brought together the European Commission, Member States, the ICT industry and civil society to deliver solutions for a better internet for children through coordination, self-regulation and funding. Our policy is rooted in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which all EU Member States are party.

A strong concern with child safety online cuts across EU legislation. The e-Commerce Directive, the directive on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, the Audiovisual Media Services Directive and the general Data Protection Regulation all contain provisions to protect minors online.

As to future plans, the Commission will first of all be working on a comprehensive new strategy on the rights of the child, including their rights online. The strategy should include actions to protect vulnerable children, protect their rights online, foster child-friendly justice and prevent and fight violence. We will also strengthen and modernise rules applicable to digital services in the whole EU through the Digital Services Act. We will start with a broad consultation to make sure we get the balance right and propose measures. We will also work with Member States for the full transposition of the revised Audiovisual Media Services Directive, which includes a new obligation on Member States to ensure that video-sharing platforms put in place specific measures to protect minors from harmful content online. These include mechanisms allowing users to report, flag or rate harmful content, age verification or parental control systems and transparent easy-to-use and effective complaint-handling procedures. The revised Directive also ensures that children’s data collected by audiovisual media providers are not process for commercial use, including for profiling and behaviourally-targeted advertising.

Furthermore, we will present a revised digital education action plan to equip children with the skills and competences needed to thrive in this digital age. Through the current Digital Education Action Plan, the Commission is supporting outreach to schools in order to improve online safety, media literacy and digital skills. For example, the Safer Internet for EU campaign reached 30 million Europeans in 2018, and in 2019 the EU Code Week involved 4.2 million people, with 92% of the 72 000 activities taking place in schools. The Commission plans to update the plan, focusing on digital literacy and aiming at equipping young people and adults with the skills they need for life and work in the digital age.

As regards the European Strategy for a Better Internet for Children, the Commission has informally consulted the main stakeholders to assess its relevance and role. These stakeholders include the Safer Internet centres, industry and civil society and Member States. The preliminary feedback is positive. The strategy’s four pillars and its holistic approach are still relevant, despite emerging risks such as disinformation, cyberbullying, online hate speech, live streaming of illegal content, and new ways for children to use technology. Any possible update of the strategy will have to be flexible enough to be future-proof as the digital ecosystem continues to evolve, with children and young people among the most ardent and avant-garde users of technology.

Any Commission decision on next steps will take into account the results of the latest big policy map, a study on how the strategy is implemented in Member States, the results of a new European Parliament pilot project supporting cooperation between industry hotlines and Member States’ authorities for the swift removal of child sexual abuse material online, and, of course, the work on the new strategy on the rights of the child. What we can already anticipate is that work in this area will continue to keep a fair balance between protection and empowerment measures for children and young people in formal and informal education. I thank you and I look forward to your comments on this.

 
  
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  Ewa Kopacz, w imieniu grupy PPE. – Pani Przewodnicząca! Pani Komisarz! Ponad 90% europejskich nastolatków ma dostęp do internetu w domu i jest to pierwsze pokolenie, które nie pamięta czasów analogowych. Internet jest częścią współczesnego świata dziecka, czy nam, dorosłym się to podoba czy też nie. Dzieci i młodzież coraz rzadziej czerpią rozrywkę i wiedzę z książki, telewizji czy radia. Wszystko, co im potrzebne, jest przecież w telefonie i na tablecie.

Owszem, daje to ogromne możliwości kreatywnego rozwoju dziecka i nabywania cennych zdolności i umiejętności. Internet może stać się narzędziem wyrównywania szans dla dzieci narażonych na wykluczenie czy dzieci z niepełnosprawnościami. Jednak rozwijający się internet i media społecznościowe niosą ze sobą zagrożenia, na które często nasze dzieci i my rodzice nie jesteśmy przygotowani. Obawiam się bowiem, że rodzice i dzieci pozostawieni są często sami sobie z problemami takimi jak mowa nienawiści czy nękanie w mediach społecznościowych. Dotyczy to zarówno dzieci, które są ofiarami takiego zachowania, jak i tych, które się go dopuszczają. Podobnie jest z rosnącym uzależnieniem młodych ludzi od internetu i gier komputerowych.

Jako koordynator Parlamentu Europejskiego do spraw praw dzieci liczę na to, że Komisja w ramach planowanych strategii i zmian w istniejących już w przepisach będzie brać pod uwagę nie tylko punkt widzenia przemysłu internetowego i rodziców, ale także potrzeby i obawy zarówno dzieci, jak i młodzieży.

 
  
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  Miriam Dalli, f’isem il-grupp S&D. – Fiż-żmien li kont nagħmel programm ġurnalistiku fuq it-televiżjoni flimkien mat-tim tiegħi, konna investigajna s-sigurtà tat-tfal fuq l-internet.

Waħda mill-membri tat-tim għamlet tabirruħha li għandha erbatax-il sena u daħlet online f’grupp pubbliku biex tiċċettja, u f’temp ta’ ftit sigħat ikkuntattjawha xejn anqas minn tletin raġel ta’ kull età. Ħafna minnhom staqsewha biex tiltaqa’ magħhom. L-akbar wieħed kellu tmienja u sittin sena. Wara li rrispondiet, tmienja minnhom bagħtulha l-informazzjoni personali tagħhom u fejn għandha tiltaqa' magħhom, u ħamsa minnhom tfaċċaw biex jiltaqgħu ma’ tfajla ta’ erbatax-il sena, imma ħarbu malli raw il-kameras. Ovvjament ħarbu għaliex kienu jafu li kienu qegħdin jagħmlu ħażin.

Imma qed insemmi dan il-każ għaliex it-tfal tagħna faċilment jistgħu jispiċċaw f’dawn in-nasbiet mingħajr ma jirrealizzaw. U llum smajna; it-tfal għandhom inklinazzjoni naturali għall-internet. Imma filwaqt li online huma kapaċi aktar minn dawk ikbar minnhom, fir-realtà huma esposti ħafna u ħafna aktar għal riskji kbar. U naf kemm huwa importanti li nfasslu “policies” u kampanji mas-“sevice providers” differenti, sew jekk huma kumpaniji tat-telefonija u anki jekk huma kumpaniji diġitali kbar.

L-interess tat-tfal għandu jkun ta’ kulħadd; tal-ġenituri tagħhom, tas-settur privat u anki l-gvernijiet u anki tal-Kummissjoni Ewropea, għaliex flimkien biss nistgħu verament naħdmu biex naċċertaw li jkollna internet aktar sigur għat-tfal. Għax bl-istess mod kif irridu lit-tfal tagħna jkunu siguri fit-triq u l-iskola, irridu naċċertaw ruħna li uliedna jkunu siguri online ukoll.

 
  
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  Yana Toom, on behalf of the Renew Group. – Madam President, when this debate was announced, I immediately expressed my interest in taking part in it. During the previous legislation, I was the rapporteur on education in the digital era and also shadow on the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD). So I went to do my homework. I was disappointed when I found out that the last time the Commission addressed the issue was in 2011, and since then we have just forgotten the approach which was agreed.

Let me give you an example. Ten years ago, we were against the fragmentation of the market, but, two years ago, we adopted the AVMS with the famous moral development of children to be defined by Member States. The good news is that, in 2019, the Commission announced the creation of a new Expert Group on Safer Internet for Children. So we took only eight years to take the first coordinated steps.

Since then, the group has had three meetings, but we’re still far from a solution. Why? I believe we have to take into account at least two important things. First, children grow fast and we have to act accordingly. Ten years for a political decision means one generation at school. Second, we cannot solve systematic problems by projects, but this is exactly what we are doing. We have of course adopted some good directives, which we have already mentioned: combating sexual abuse, xenophobia, hate speech, GDPR, and so on, but this is not enough.

What we need is a comprehensive European approach to the digital education of children, not on a project basis but in each and every school, compulsory, with good teachers, a clear curriculum, an agreed set of criteria and assessment system. But what do we have in practice? Some Member States where 60% of schools do not have an internet connection. What digital education can we speak about? I strongly believe that we have to act, but act quickly and invest proper funds, not just in the meetings or working groups, but in the schools. Otherwise eight years later, it will be the same.

 
  
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  Nicolaus Fest, im Namen der ID-Fraktion. – Frau Präsidentin! Wenn irgendein Unfug am Horizont auftaucht, eines ist sicher: Die EU ist dabei. Studien, aber auch viele Lehrer bestätigen: Die erhöhte Nutzung des Internets führt erstens zur Senkung der Konzentrationsfähigkeit, zweitens zum Abbau sozialer Kompetenzen, drittens zur Verwandlung dünner Kinder in dicke Couch-Potatoes und viertens zum Verlust der Schreibfähigkeit, da diese Technik nur in jungen Jahren durch beständige Übung im Gehirn verankert werden kann. Wir reden hier noch gar nicht über die inhaltlichen Gefahren des Internets, die den Kindern drohen – sei es Ausspähung, Grooming oder die Konfrontation mit Gewalt, Pornografie und Fake News. Die EU sollte daher keineswegs die Nutzung des Internets durch Kinder fördern, denn selbst die angeblich ungefährlichen, zumeist aber unendlich stupiden Spiele führen zu Konzentrationsverlust und nehmen die Zeit für andere schönere, wichtigere Dinge. Die EU sollte sich auch nicht als Erfüllungsgehilfe der Digitalindustrie verstehen, die möglichst früh Zugriff auf immer jüngere Konsumenten haben will. Genauso wie man Kinder vor Alkohol und Pornografie schützt, sollte man sie auch vor solchen Dingen schützen, die sie vor allem verblöden lassen.

 
  
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  Marcel Kolaja, on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group. – Madam President, safe internet for children is vital indeed. Children should feel safe to go online, they should remain curious to discover, to learn, to innovate. However, having looked at the web page of the Safer Internet Day, I discovered with horror that, during the Safer Internet Day, discussions were focused on how artificial intelligence can be used to identify and remove child sexual abuse material.

We, as legislators, are just about to analyse and address the opportunities and the pitfalls of these technologies. Therefore, it seems to be premature indeed to consider AI a silver bullet to solve all problems. And I am glad that education was mentioned by the Commission representative because I believe that future initiatives from the Commission related to safer internet should focus on education and development of technical skills of kids, which should not mean promoting the use of one specific company’s tools but encouraging the use of interoperable solutions and free and open—source software.

 
  
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  Anne-Sophie Pelletier, au nom du groupe GUE/NGL. – Madame la Présidente, Madame la Commissaire, aujourd’hui, 75 % des enfants en Europe utilisent l’internet. L’internet est un merveilleux outil d’ouverture à autrui et au monde, mais c’est cependant un espace de risques. Vous avez raison, Madame la Commissaire, quand vous dites qu’il faut protéger nos enfants, qui encourent des risques particuliers dus à leur âge. Je me réjouis de la lutte contre la cybercriminalité, ainsi que de la lutte contre les contenus violents, contre le slut shaming concernant les jeunes filles. Vous avez raison.

Cependant, Madame la Commissaire, dans votre communication, vous regrettez que les jeunes ne fassent que consommer sur l’internet. Vous avez raison, mais j’irai plus loin en parlant de la régulation des contenus publicitaires qui, aujourd’hui, montrent à nos enfants une vision du monde consumériste et particulièrement matérialiste.

Enfin, Madame la Commissaire, dans votre communication, vous appelez à un numérique pour tous. Vous avez en charge l’amélioration des conditions des personnes en situation de handicap et ce soir, pas un mot! Un zéro pointé sur ce sujet. C’est un acte manqué, Madame, vous auriez dû saisir cette opportunité pour nous parler aussi de l’urgence de créer un numérique inclusif.

 
  
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  Μαρία Σπυράκη (PPE). – Κυρία Πρόεδρε, επίτροπε Dalli, είμαι σίγουρη ότι ξέρετε ότι οι μισοί από τους νέους 11 έως 16 ετών στην Ευρώπη έχουν εκτεθεί σε κάποιον από τους βασικούς κινδύνους του διαδικτύου: cyber bullying, sexting online, grooming ή fake news. Ως πρέσβειρα για το ασφαλές διαδίκτυο για όλους, πραγματοποιώ στην Ελλάδα εκδηλώσεις ενημέρωσης των μαθητών και τους ζητάω να μας δείξουν πώς προστατεύονται όταν μπαίνουν στο διαδίκτυο. Τα αποτελέσματα είναι θεαματικά, τα παιδιά μας είναι υποψιασμένα. Όμως, χρειάζονται βοήθεια και η βοήθεια πρέπει να έρθει από εμάς και πρέπει να έρθει με την επιστράτευση της τεχνολογίας. Όλες οι μελέτες δείχνουν ότι οι εταιρείες που δραστηριοποιούνται στις εφαρμογές του διαδικτύου, είτε αυτές είναι παιχνίδια είτε αυτές είναι μέσα κοινωνικής δικτύωσης, έχουν την τεχνολογική δυνατότητα να εντοπίσουν προβληματικό υλικό στο διαδίκτυο που απευθύνεται σε παιδιά, να εντοπίσουν παρενοχλήσεις και να τις διακόψουν. Νομίζω πως εκεί πρέπει να εστιάσουμε και εκεί πρέπει να δώσουμε έμφαση όσον αφορά τη χρηματοδότησή τους. Ταυτόχρονα, πρέπει να δώσουμε έμφαση στην ενημέρωση των δασκάλων, των γονέων και —τελικά— των παιδιών. Πρέπει να προστατεύσουμε τους ψηφιακούς πολίτες του αύριο.

 
  
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  Brando Benifei (S&D). – Signora Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, per le giovani generazioni l'ambiente online è uno spazio di vita importante. Può anche essere uno spazio di partecipazione e di emancipazione, come dimostrano ad esempio i "Fridays for Future". Tuttavia, dobbiamo creare le condizioni affinché il mondo online sia sicuro per i ragazzi. Alcuni fenomeni sono in aumento: discriminazioni multiple e abusi online, diffusione di materiale pedopornografico, revenge porn, estorsioni a sfondo sessuale, cyberbullismo.

Ci troviamo di fronte a pesanti violazioni dei diritti dei minori, che producono traumi gravissimi. Dobbiamo incrementare gli sforzi per la lotta contro questi fenomeni. Possiamo migliorare gli strumenti di prevenzione, alfabetizzazione digitale, educazione all'uso consapevole di Internet, la produzione di contenuti di qualità ai fini dell'intrattenimento. Possiamo rafforzare gli strumenti di individuazione e rimozione del materiale specifico dalla rete e quelli di contrasto attivo.

Nella scorsa legislatura abbiamo presentato, proprio qui a Strasburgo, una proposta di legge che è stata approvata in Italia proprio sul cyberbullismo, che ritengo sia ancora estremamente rilevante. Dobbiamo quindi scambiarci le migliori pratiche, appunto, e serve una partnership forte fra legislatori, industria e società civile. Serve un focus specifico per la responsabilizzazione di tutti per il contrasto agli abusi. Non possiamo permetterci che sia un'ennesima sfida in cui la realtà rimane un passo avanti al legislatore. Un ambiente online sicuro deve essere per noi una priorità di azione immediata.

 
  
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  Karlo Ressler (PPE). – Madam President, in this digital era it is even more important to preserve the rights and dignity of children and protect them from online abuse. The internet is definitely a powerful tool with enormous opportunities, but it also comes with some risks and only with proper safeguards in place can we ensure children’s online safety and protect them from hate speech, misleading advertising or cyber-bullying.

Such safeguards can only be achieved with a wide collaboration of all stakeholders such as policymakers and technology companies. However, parents still have the most important safeguarding role as children continue to turn to their parents for help with online issues. We should therefore ensure a safer online environment where children can safely enhance their education, communication and connections.

 
  
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  Alex Agius Saliba (S&D). – Għalkemm l-internet joffri diveri opportunitajiet, dan qiegħed ukoll ipoġġi quddiemna diversi riskji speċjalment għall-aktar persuni vulnerabbli fis-soċjetà tagħna – b’mod speċjali t-tfal.

Fid-dinja diġitali, it-tfal jistgħu jkunu, anzi huma spiss esposti għal materjal illegali, kontenut perikoluż, imġiba bħal cyber-bullying, fastidju sesswali, pornografija tal-minorenni u vjolenza. Illum it-tfal qed jgħixu f’dinja u realtajiet digitali li jilagħbu rwol importanti ħafna f’ħajjithom, realtajiet bħal dawk illi jirrikrejaw rwieħom, jilagħbu, jitkellmu ma’ sħabhom u anki jieħdu formazzjoni edukattiva.

Fil-preżent għandna diġà għodod li jgħinu lit-tfal tagħna sabiex jaffrontaw riskji f’realtajiet barra mid-dinja digitali. Iżda nistaqsi, għandna l-għodda meħtieġa, il-protezzjoni, l-għarfien u s-salvagwardji sabiex it-tfal ikunu siguri wkoll fuq bażi online?

Ilkoll kemm aħna għandna responsabilità morali billi nipprovdu dinja diġitali aktar sigura għat-tfal tagħna. Irridu għalhekk li l-Kummissjoni, b’mod urgenti, tirrispondi b’mod effiċjenti u effikaċi għal dawn ir-realtajiet diġitali sabiex id-dinja online tkun waħda aktar sigura għal uliedna.

 
  
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  Στέλιος Κυμπουρόπουλος (PPE). – Κυρία Πρόεδρε, ήταν η Παγκόσμια Ημέρα Ασφαλούς Διαδικτύου χθες και ως ψυχίατρος ανησυχώ, κυρία επίτροπε. Μόνο στην Ελλάδα, ένα στα πέντε παιδιά έχει πέσει θύμα διαδικτυακής παρενόχλησης, το 61 % έχει μπει σε ακατάλληλο περιεχόμενο και τα παιδιά είναι εκτεθειμένα σε ρητορική μίσους, σε ψυχολογικές επιθέσεις, σε εκβιασμούς και σε οικονομικές απάτες. Τα μισά παιδιά δηλώνουν ότι αυτό τα έβλαψε ψυχολογικά και τα ώθησε σε κοινωνική απομόνωση. Πολλοί γονείς αφήνουν τα παιδιά με το κινητό στο χέρι. Η εξάρτηση των παιδιών τα κάνει ευάλωτα, επιθετικά και τα απομονώνει.

Το διαδίκτυο δεν είναι παιχνίδι. Χρειαζόμαστε σύγχρονη παιδεία που θα οχυρώνει τα παιδιά από αυτούς κινδύνους. Πρέπει να εξαναγκάσουμε τους παρόχους και τις εταιρείες λογισμικού να μας εξασφαλίσουν δωρεάν ή —τουλάχιστον— πολύ φθηνό λογισμικό προστασίας των παιδιών. Είναι απαραίτητη η ύπαρξη ενημερωμένων Ευρωπαίων γονέων, που θα μπορούν να καταφύγουν σε μια εύχρηστη και διαθέσιμη ευρωπαϊκή εργαλειοθήκη. Χρειάζεται να γνωστοποιήσουμε τον χρόνο και τον τρόπο της υγιούς χρήσης του διαδικτύου. Πρόκειται για δίκοπο μαχαίρι που οφείλουμε να αξιοποιήσουμε και, ταυτόχρονα, να προστατεύσουμε από τις αρνητικές και επικίνδυνες συνέπειές του.

 
  
 

„Catch the eye” eljárás

 
  
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  Victor Negrescu (S&D). – Doamna președintă, vrem să construim un internet sigur pentru copiii noștri. Este nevoie de un parteneriat cu furnizorii de internet, cu creatorii de conținut, cu operatorii de rețele sociale pentru a veni cu un set de bune practici, recomandări și soluții concrete pentru a face internetul un spațiu mai sigur și a evita astfel posibilele incidente.

Un studiu recent realizat în țara mea, în România, arată că unul din trei copii între nouă și șaisprezece ani au fost hărțuiți online și cazurile de cyberbullying semnalate se multiplică, din păcate. Și mai grav, aproape jumătate din cei hărțuiți nu au făcut nimic, crezând că lucrurile se vor rezolva de la sine. Poate de aceea, conform statisticilor, adulții publică uneori pe internet date cu caracter personal despre propriii copii, crezând că mediul online este un spațiu sigur.

Este nevoie, așa cum a spus și reprezentanta Comisiei Europene, să sprijinim educația digitală, să implicăm actorii relevanți la nivel european, național și local, pe părinți, pe tineri, să implicăm școlile, pentru a preveni astfel de situații.

Salut astfel inițiativa Comisiei Europene de a face o astfel de comunicare și reiterez convingerea mea că internetul este un spațiu sigur, dacă noi învățăm să-l folosim într-o manieră corespunzătoare.

 
  
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  Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska (PPE). – Pani Przewodnicząca! Jak pokazują badania, w niektórych krajach już dziesięcioletnie dzieci są niezależne cyfrowo i ten wiek stale się obniża. I pewnie tego trendu nie zatrzymamy, chociaż – jak słyszymy od lekarzy, psychologów i psychiatrów – zbyt częste albo wielogodzinne korzystanie z internetu czy z komputerów zabija więzi społeczne, zabija kontakty między rówieśnikami, co jest bardzo negatywne.

Niemniej ważne jest, abyśmy zrobili wszystko, aby nasze dzieci w świecie wirtualnym, w internecie, były bezpieczne, aby treści były dostosowane do wieku odbiorcy. Niewątpliwie młodzież znajduje ważne i potrzebne informacje w internecie, ale też tam czyha wiele zagrożeń jak hejt, jak pornografia, jak mobbing, jak treści pedofilskie czy znajomości pedofilskie. Dlatego kibicuję takim inicjatywom jak wczorajsza – Dzień Bezpiecznego Internetu, wokół którego organizuje się wiele akcji społecznych, które uświadamiają, jak bezpiecznie korzystać z internetu, jak przeciwdziałać temu wszystkiemu, co stanowi zagrożenie we współczesnym świecie dla naszych dzieci. I kibicuję Komisji Europejskiej, aby podjęła wszystkie działania, aby w tym cyfrowym świecie było jak najmniej zagrożeń.

 
  
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  Robert Hajšel (S&D). – Vážená pani predsedajúca, áno, internet, u nás na Slovensku sa hovorí, že internet podobne ako oheň je síce dobrý sluha, ale zlý pán. To znamená, my nemôžeme dovoliť, aby internet kompletne ovládol naše deti. My nemôžeme zameniť naše povinnosti vychovávať a venovať sa deťom tým, že im dáme do ruky smartfón alebo tablet. Naozaj, my musíme urobiť všetko preto, aby internet bol bezpečný pre naše deti a musíme zabrániť tomu, aby všetky dáta o našich deťoch sa nedostávali k sieťam obchodníkov, na účely reklamy a nebodaj k sieťam pedofilov. Je to niečo hrozné, pretože naozaj deti sa často stretávajú aj na internete s rôznymi reklamami, ktoré im ponúkajú sexuálny program, alebo dochádza k sexuálnym kontaktom, zneužívaniu a podobne. My musíme urobiť všetko preto, aby sme spolu s rodičmi, so školou, s vládami členských štátov, ale aj my na úrovni Európskej únie pripravili program pre vzdelávanie, pretože internet vzdelávanie nenahradí. Je to iba nástroj. Ale pokiaľ ide o vzdelávanie, musíme sa mu venovať my a naši rodičia a školy.

 
  
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  Michaela Šojdrová (PPE). – Paní předsedající, o bezpečný internet pro děti musíme usilovat na evropské i národní úrovni. Nechci a nemusím tady popisovat všechny známé nebezpečné, a přesto stále opakované praktiky, sexuální zneužívání, internetové rizikové výzvy.

Paní komisařko, souhlasím s Vámi, že implementace revidované směrnice o audiovizuálních službách je celoevropským nástrojem na zlepšení ochrany dětí a my jako poslanci musíme dohlédnout na implementaci v našich národních legislativách. Nejúčinnějším nástrojem je ale prevence. To znamená, že potřebujeme naučit děti chovat se bezpečně a že potřebujeme vzdělané učitele i rodiče, kteří budou děti dobře vést. Tady Vás chci také, paní komisařko, upozornit na řadu velmi zajímavých a účinných programů, které vyvíjí naše univerzity, např. česká Palackého univerzita v Olomouci, která vyvíjí vzdělávací aplikaci pro učitele a rodiče, kteří tak umí rozeznat a omezit tato rizika. Je třeba je využít.

 
  
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  Tudor Ciuhodaru (S&D). – Doamna președintă, lumea s-a schimbat, asta poate fi un lucru bun, dar copiii sunt cei mai vulnerabili și asta sigur nu este bine și sunt multiple îngrijorări.

În primul rând, legate de conținutul internetului, și aici vorbesc despre pedofilie, despre pornografie infantilă, despre hărțuire și șantaj. În al doilea rând, este vorba de durata folosirii acestui internet, pentru că, din păcate, eu sunt în situația de a trata la Spitalul Clinic de Urgență Nicolae Oblu din Iași tot mai mulți copii cu fenomene de dependență de internet sau cu afecțiuni neurologice complicate sau declanșate de utilizarea abuzivă a internetului. Și, în al treilea rând, lucrurile negative se întâmplă deși există multiple legi în acest domeniu.

Așa că, doamna comisar, vă solicit o abordare integrată, dacă este posibil, legislativă, educațională și tehnologică, pentru ca internetul să devină un loc mai sigur, și chiar vă întreb astăzi care sunt primele trei măsuri pe care le veți lua în acest sens?

 
  
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  Sandra Pereira (GUE/NGL). – Na utilização da Internet pelas crianças existem riscos de violação de privacidade, de uso comercial, ou instrumental de perfis, riscos para a saúde, de aparição de fenómenos de dependência e relação falseada com a realidade e com a própria identidade.

Outros problemas referem-se aos convites de natureza sexual, aos jogos de azar em linha e burlas comerciais, ao ciberassédio e ao sexting, e aos consumos digitais impróprios para a idade, designadamente a publicidade inadequada, a violência, o sexo e outras situações que provoquem medo e ansiedade nas crianças.

É necessário garantir que as crianças estejam expostas o menos possível a estes perigos. No entanto, temos de referir as nossas reservas relativamente a possíveis medidas que possam ser implementadas e que não devem impor restrições aos direitos de liberdade de expressão e devem respeitar a privacidade e a proteção de dados.

Também consideramos que este debate não pode ser desligado da importância do serviço público na garantia de um serviço seguro e de acesso universal no combate à exclusão digital.

 
  
 

(„Catch the eye” eljárás vége)

 
  
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  Helena Dalli, Member of the Commission. – Madam President, I thank you all for your contributions and have taken note of all your comments with regard to the measures which will be taken. I have already mentioned these in my speech before you started commenting on the content of the speech. So, the Commission is also glad to see that this subject remains a high priority and is confident that new measures in this field will receive the support of the European Parliament.

At the same time, the Parliament can count on the full support of the European Commission in advancing child online safety. We are strongly committed to promoting EU leadership in child online safety ,delivering high standards of protection and stimulating appropriate action from the industry. The children of today will be the drivers of tomorrow’s European economy. Equipping them with the relevant digital tools is an investment in the future of Europe.

So, I thank you President and I thank you honourable Members for your contribution to this debate and, as I already said, we have taken note of all your contributions.

 
  
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  Elnök asszony. – A vitát lezárom.

Írásos nyilatkozatok (171. cikk)

 
  
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  Ioan-Rareş Bogdan (PPE), în scris. – Să facem internetul mai sigur pentru copiii noștri rămâne o prioritate, mai ales că ei reprezintă o treime dintre utilizatorii de internet. Comisia urmărește să elaboreze o nouă strategie cuprinzătoare privind drepturile copilului, inclusiv drepturile online. Strategia ar trebui să includă acțiuni pentru protejarea copiilor vulnerabili, protejarea drepturilor lor online, dar și prevenirea și combaterea violenței. Un alt pas va fi consolidarea și modernizarea regulilor aplicabile serviciilor digitale din întreaga UE prin Legea privind serviciile digitale. Comisia vrea să colaboreze cu statele membre pentru a avea o transpunere completă a Directivei revizuite privind serviciile de media audiovizuale, care include o nouă obligație pentru statele membre de a se asigura că platformele de video sharing pun în aplicare măsuri specifice de protecție a minorilor de conținutul dăunător online. Vor exista mecanisme care vor permite utilizatorilor să raporteze, să indice conținutul dăunător, verificarea vârstei sau sistemele de control parental și proceduri transparente ușor de utilizat și eficiente de gestionare a reclamațiilor. Este nevoie să sprijinim educația digitală, să implicăm actorii relevanți la nivel european, național și local, pe părinți, pe tineri, să implicăm școlile, pentru a face internetul un spațiu mai sigur și a evita astfel posibilele incidente.

 
Última actualização: 16 de Julho de 2020Dados pessoais - Política de privacidade