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Procedure : 2021/2077(INI)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A9-0321/2021

Texts tabled :

A9-0321/2021

Debates :

PV 13/12/2021 - 22
CRE 13/12/2021 - 22

Votes :

PV 14/12/2021 - 15
PV 15/12/2021 - 17

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2021)0503

Debates
XML 20k
Monday, 13 December 2021 - Strasbourg Revised edition

22. Implementation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (short presentation)
Video of the speeches
PV
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  Die Präsidentin. – Als nächster Punkt der Tagesordnung folgt die kurze Darstellung des Berichts von Seán Kelly über die Umsetzung der Richtlinie über die Gesamtenergieeffizienz von Gebäuden (2021/2077(INI)) (A9-0321/2021).

 
  
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  Seán Kelly, rapporteur. – Madam President, while I am very pleased to speak this evening on this very important file, I must say that I am a bit disappointed that there isn’t a full debate, and especially that the shadow rapporteurs haven’t had an opportunity to contribute as the cooperation I got from them in this report was as good as I’ve witnessed since I came here in 2009. And especially, of course, as the renovation of the EU’s building stock is a key Green Deal priority, not just as a way to reduce CO2 emissions, but also as a driver for sustainable growth and job creation.

For example, the construction sector is the largest generator of jobs per million euros invested. With goals to renovate 35 million buildings by 2030, supported with funding of EUR 672 billion from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, this should provide massive economic opportunities.

Addressing the energy performance of buildings should be a precondition for every Member State’s decarbonisation plans. Unfortunately though, the simple fact is that, taken together, current submitted long—term renovation strategies by the Member States will not allow us to achieve 2050 climate neutrality. Reaching our climate targets without decarbonising our living and working spaces is just impossible.

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) is the main EU—level legal instrument for decarbonising Member States’ building stock. This implementation report focuses on the latest changes to the EPBD that were introduced in 2018 and transposed in 2020.

We can see a marked difference in ambition level between Member States’ long—term renovation strategies. This results in a problem of compatibility among the plans. The later submissions include links with national recovery plans adopted because of the COVID—19 crisis with the latest EU policy initiatives, such as the Renovation Wave. To address this, the report proposes a standardised template that Member States could use to ensure they address all requirements of Article 2(a) on harmonised objectives and requirements.

With Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs), there is a gap between real energy performances and calculated performances, which is a source of confusion for users. Our report recognises that there is a need to integrate the building renovation passport, the digital building logbook and the smart readiness indicator with the EPC. Member States should provide a clear link between their national long—term renovation strategies and adequate initiatives to promote skills and education in the construction and energy efficiency sectors. Fit for 55, more broadly, will need a new influx of skilled workers, but renovations will need particular attention.

We also highlighted the success of one-stop shops for the critical role they can play in giving advice, coordinating works and connecting potential projects with market players, including smaller-scale projects. The one-stop shops should advise and support both single family homes and multi-unit buildings and also provide support for accredited installers.

The revised EPBD needs to encourage smart buildings technologies and foster a data—centric approach, including initial design, as well as staged and deep renovations. This includes the materials used in construction. In this regard, it will be pivotal to create a framework to leverage the use of data to improve actual energy consumption.

Finally, I would like to thank colleagues in the Secretariat, research services and the Commission, as well as the shadows, whom I have mentioned already, and advisers for their very good work on this report.

 
  
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  Die Präsidentin. – Ganz herzlichen Dank, Herr Kollege Kelly, für die Darstellung dieses wichtigen Berichts, und danke auch für die Arbeit. Auch Dank an die Schattenberichterstatter, selbst wenn wir heute hier leider nicht alle von ihnen hören können.

 
  
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  Stella Kyriakides, Member of the Commission. – Madam President, I first of all would like to thank all the honourable Members, and in particular the rapporteur MEP Seán Kelly, for their own-initiative report and the involvement on the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) implementation.

The European Parliament and the Commission have worked hand in hand towards the common goal of decarbonising the building sector. This includes ensuring the proper implementation of the EPBD and analysing the elements that can be improved in the context of the legislative review to be launched on 14 December.

Buildings are responsible for greenhouse gas emissions before, during and after their operational lifetime. The 2050 vision for a decarbonised building stock goes beyond the current focus on operational greenhouse gas emissions. The whole lifecycle emission of buildings should therefore progressively be taken into account, starting with new buildings.

While the focus of the proposal is the reduction of operational greenhouse gas emissions, the first steps are taken to address carbon emissions over the whole lifecycle of a building.

The recommendation of Parliament’s own-initiative report expressed to a large extent the view of the European Commission on the achievements and challenges in making sure that energy and efficiency renovations of buildings contribute to our updated climate targets. The Commission will present its analysis of the Member States’ 2020 long-term renovation strategies in its staff working document accompanying the 14 December package. At this point, I can say that we have detected the positive developments since the previous edition of the strategies in 2017.

As regards the completeness aspect, and from a formal point of view, the strategies have in general respected the requirements of the directive, providing information in the different categories requested by Article 21 of the EPBD. On content, the submitted strategy showed broad engagement to provide easier access to financing, technical support, promotion of advisory tools such as one-stop shops, tackling energy poverty and better information, among other best practices. On the ambition level, the situation varies. Some Member States have high targets, while others need to intensify their efforts and invest more. The Commission also shares Parliament’s view on the need to help Member States improve their strategies further. The Commission also finds that a better comparability of data among different strategies is needed, in particular by harmonising the template for strategies development.

The analysis of the EPBD review provided by the European Parliament contributed to the development of the proposal for the review of the EPBD that the Commission will adopt on 14 December. This proposal is essential for delivering on a major component of the Fit for 55 package and will contain a number of key measures in line with the European Parliament recommendations. We will propose revised measures on the long-term renovation strategies, which build on the existing and well-established framework. We aim to improve towards more transparency, better implementation and monitoring procedures, with new elements that reflect a broader view of issues and higher ambition towards decarbonisation.

This new framework will require Member States to develop and submit a stronger plan with clear and specific chapters, including data more comparable and easy to aggregate at the EU level.

On the issue of electromobility specifically addressed by the European Parliament, the review of the EPBD is also envisaging a number of key provisions. To name a few, the proposal will strengthen the existing provisions on parking spaces in new and renovated buildings for the recharging of electric vehicles, in line with increased climate ambition, by lowering the threshold for the number of parking places. The proposal will introduce a right to plug specifically addressing barriers to recharging in multi-family buildings. We will propose to strengthen the requirements for the roll-out of recharging points in existing large non-residential buildings, since recharging at the workplace is an important complement to recharging at home.

With smart charging, the car can be charged when energy prices are low or when renewable energy is abundant, and it will also be possible to feed electricity back to the grid and use the car battery as a storage facility, vehicle to grid. Smart charging facilities, the integration of renewable energy such as wind and solar to the grid, and help decarbonise the energy system.

The proposal will support other forms of sustainable mobility, in particular e-bikes and bikes which require safe parking in residential and non-residential buildings. This is why the proposal will also be addressing recharging points to support smart charging, which is also in line with the Renewable Energy Directive and Alternative Fuels Infrastructure proposals. The EPBD proposal is therefore in line with the European Parliament’s report to a very large extent, and this complementing the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation proposal which covers publicly available recharging points.

In concluding, the Commission would like to thank the European Parliament and the rapporteur for this excellent and very timely own-initiative report. On the issue of the long-term innovation strategies of e-mobility and other aspects contained in Parliament’s comprehensive report, the Commission will make full use of the European Parliament recommendations.

The Commission will work very closely with the European Parliament during the forthcoming negotiations to ensure consistency across all building-related provisions in the Green Deal initiatives. It requires a coherent and robust framework for buildings to meet the EU’s 2030 and 2050 targets, and I of course count on your continued support to achieve it.

 
  
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  Die Präsidentin. – Damit ist dieser Tagesordnungspunkt geschlossen.

Die Abstimmung über die Änderungsanträge findet am Dienstag, 14. Dezember 2021, statt, die Schlussabstimmung am Mittwoch, 15. Dezember 2021.

Schriftliche Erklärungen (Artikel 171)

 
  
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  Csaba Molnár (S&D), írásban. – Az Európai Parlament kimondta, hogy a tagállamok épületenergetikai hatékonyságát növelő terveknek előnyben kell részesítenie az energiaszegénységben élőket. Viszont Orbán kormányának gazdagokat segítő lakásfelújítási programja pont azoknak segít, akiknek semmi szüksége a segítségre. A magyar valóság azt mutatja, hogy a magyar háztartások átlagosan a lakásfenntartási költségeik csaknem 60 százalékát energiára fordítják. Minél alacsonyabb a jövedelme egy háztartásnak, annál többet költ energiára. Vérlázító az Orbán-kormány tétlensége, hiszen ma Magyarországon minden hatodik háztartás energiaszegénységben szenved. Miközben Orbán a gazdagokat segítő rezsicsökkentésről hadovál, addig az Európai Parlament, a Demokratikus Koalíció támogatásával államilag támogatott lakásfelújításokkal kívánja csökkenteni az energiafogyasztást. Így nem csak aktívan teszünk a klímaválság ellen, hanem valóban azoknak segítünk, akiknek tényleg szüksége van a segítségre. Ez az igazi rezsicsökkentés!

 
  
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  Carlos Zorrinho (S&D), por escrito. – A energia mais barata, mais limpa, menos agressiva para o ambiente e que mais contribui para reduzir o aquecimento climático é aquela que se poupa através de práticas de eficiência, designadamente nos edifícios. Com este relatório de iniciativa, o Parlamento Europeu coloca-se na primeira linha na proposta de ações para extrair o máximo partido do aumento da eficiência energética dos edifícios, em interligação com os planos de renovação do património construído. Uma estratégia de renovação, alinhada com o Green Deal, com a Estratégia FIT for 55 e com os programas financeiros afetos a estas prioridades, é uma forte geradora de empregos qualificados, contribuindo para uma transição verde que cria mais riqueza e oportunidades.

É também um pilar no combate à pobreza energética e contribui para a redução da especulação imobiliária e a falta de alojamentos sustentáveis e acessíveis, em particular para os mais jovens. Contribui ainda para a integração de novas tecnologias de carregamento de veículos elétricos, de instalação de redes inteligentes e de captura e armazenamento de energias renováveis, que ajudarão a que a União se reconfigure industrialmente e lidere a transição verde nos edifícios, um sector profundamente ligado ao bem-estar das pessoas.

 
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