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Procedura : 2020/2001(INI)
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Ciclo del documento : A9-0324/2021

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PV 13/12/2021 - 23
CRE 13/12/2021 - 23

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Lunedì 13 dicembre 2021 - Strasburgo Edizione rivista

23. Controllo multilaterale delle armi e delle armi di distruzione di massa, e regimi di disarmo: sfide e prospettive (breve presentazione)
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  Die Präsidentin. – Als nächster Punkt der Tagesordnung folgt die kurze Darstellung des Berichts von Sven Mikser über die Herausforderungen und Chancen für multilaterale Systeme der Rüstungskontrolle und Abrüstung in Bezug auf Massenvernichtungswaffen (2020/2001(INI)) (A9-0324/2021).


  Sven Mikser, rapporteur. – Madam President, it is inevitable that solid and comprehensive arms control, non—proliferation and disarmament architecture based on binding treaties and reinforced by a reliable and transparent verification mechanism is a key to maintaining peace, stability and security in the world, as well as guaranteeing sustainable development.

The report on WMD, arms control and disarmament regimes that we are going to vote on this week focuses on key opportunities as well as challenges in this regard. It emphasises the proactive role that the European Union, as a key donor of relevant international organisations, has been playing and continues to play in the global non—proliferation and disarmament efforts.

Yet, despite all those great efforts, the Europeans have recently had to watch, with growing alarm, the crumbling of some key elements of the post—Cold War arms control architecture. This process, unless swiftly reversed, is bound to have a profoundly negative impact on European, as well as global, security.

Over the past few years, we have witnessed the termination of the INF Treaty following Russia’s violations of the terms of that treaty, and we have seen the departure of the US and Russia from the Open Skies Treaty. We have struggled as Europeans to keep the JCPOA, the Iran nuclear deal, from completely falling apart. Today the jury’s still out when it comes to the future of that important agreement.

The decision by the US and Russia to extend by another five years the New START Treaty was indeed a rare piece of positive news in an otherwise rather gloomy cycle. The report insists on the need to revive our efforts to reverse that negative cycle and to ensure universal adherence to existing, as well as future, disarmament and non—proliferation treaties. It is imperative that any talks about the possible successor treaty to the INF include all countries that are in possession of, or are developing, systems that would be limited or banned by the treaty. A notable case here is China’s rising military power.

The report reaffirms its support to the JCPOA and it commends the central role played by the IAEA, the International Atomic Energy Agency. It calls for the entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and for the start of negotiations on the so—called Fissile Material Cut—off Treaty. The report also covers the loosening of global ethical norms against chemical weapons, a negative trend exemplified by the use of banned chemical agents in the Syrian war and against the Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny. And it points to the lack of a binding verification mechanism for compliance with a Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.

But as already mentioned, the bulk of the report is naturally devoted to nuclear weapons. So let me conclude by reiterating my deep conviction that the Nuclear Non—Proliferation Treaty, or the NPT, must remain the cornerstone of the international efforts at nuclear non—proliferation and disarmament. The NPT, which recently celebrated its 50th anniversary, is the only nuclear weapons control treaty that brings together almost the entire international community and also includes among its members all the five recognised nuclear weapon states.

The upcoming NPT review conference, long delayed by the pandemic, provides us with an opportunity to give a new impetus to nuclear disarmament efforts, and we must not let that opportunity to go to waste. We must also refrain from initiatives that might deviate from or weaken the goals of the NPT.

I do sincerely believe that while we all share the long term goal of living in a world free of nuclear weapons, this objective can only be reached if we approach it in a realistic and reciprocal manner.

Finally, I would like to thank all the shadow rapporteurs and our advisors for their constructive cooperation.


  Stella Kyriakides, Member of the Commission. – Madam President, first of all, I would like to thank the rapporteur, Mr Mikser, and all the MEPs who have contributed to the European Parliament resolution on the challenges and prospects for multilateral weapons of mass destruction, arms control and disarmament regimes.

We are all concerned at the deteriorating security environment, as well as the continued pressure on these regimes. Your active and continued engagement is both much needed and appreciated. The EU takes its responsibilities seriously and invests political and human capital, as well as actual funding, in the preservation and upgrading of the multilateral framework for arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament. In all relevant meetings of treaty bodies, meetings of the UN Disarmament Fora and of other regional security organisations, the EU speaks out firmly, upholding its values and interests. These comprise a multilateralist approach to security, including arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation, a strong support for verification and upholding the compliance of treaties, and the commitment to international coordination and export controls. The EU collaborates closely with like—minded partners who share these principles.

The existing arms control, non—proliferation and disarmament multilateral framework has been carefully built over the past decades. It is a delicate framework requiring constant maintenance and nourishment. It needs political support and societal trust. It needs perseverance, constant effort and innovation in order to keep up with new challenges. Without sufficient attention, the risks are tremendous, and they are real. Today’s multipolar world calls for holistic global solutions.

We will continue to support effective multilateralism and rules—based international cooperation in order to ensure a more safe, sustainable and stable world in the wake of the COVID—19 pandemic. We can only address global challenges collectively, by working in partnership with others, in order to deliver results on issues important to our citizens.


  Die Präsidentin. – Damit ist dieser Tagesordnungspunkt geschlossen.

Die Abstimmung über die Änderungsanträge findet am Dienstag, 14. Dezember 2021, statt, die Schlussabstimmung am Mittwoch, 15. Dezember 2021.

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