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Parliamentary questions
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15 September 2008
Answer given by Mr Špidla on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-4390/2008

The infringement procedure against Malta relating to the transposition of Directive 1999/70/EC(1) concerning the framework Agreement on fixed-term work concluded by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation (CEEP) is still open. An Additional Letter of Formal Notice has been sent to Malta. Once the reply from the Maltese authorities has been received and analysed, the Commission will decide on the next steps.

As a point of principle, non-transposition or incorrect transposition of Community law does not exclude citizens from the benefit of the law. A citizen may be able to assert directly in the national courts those rights deriving from Community law which have direct effect. In its judgment of 15 April 2008 in Case C‑268/06(2), the European Court of Justice found that Clause 4 of the framework agreement on fixed-term work in the annex to Directive 1999/70/EC had direct effect, and could thus be directly relied upon in national courts.

But even in the absence of direct effect, it is settled case law(3) that compensation claims can be made to national courts by a citizen seeking damages from a Member State for detriment arising from the non-transposition of Community law.

(1)Council Directive 1999/70/EC of 28 June 1999 concerning the framework agreement on fixed-term work concluded by ETUC, UNICE and CEEP, OJ L 175, 10.7.1999.
(2)Impact v Minister for Agriculture and Food and Others.
(3)See Joined Cases C-6/90 and C-9/90 Andrea Francovich and Danila Bonifaci and others v Italian Republic [1991] I‑5357.

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