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Parliamentary questions
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27 February 2013
Question for written answer E-002247-13
to the Commission
Rule 117
Amelia Andersdotter (Verts/ALE)

 Subject:  UEFI Secure Boot and Microsoft as a single point of trust
 Answer in writing 

On 26 October 2012, all hardware manufacturers whose products are compatible with Microsoft’s Windows 8 operating system chose to adopt a system of secure booting created and implemented by Microsoft known as UEFI Secure Boot.

Although the standard does not contain specific provisions, for some end consumers who buy hardware with this secure boot solution installed, there is no option to deactivate the secure boot, and therefore no option to use or install other software on the device, other than by acquiring an encrypted key from Microsoft.

Since this makes Microsoft a single point of trust for end consumers, does the Commission consider Microsoft to be an electronic trust service provider in accordance with the definition given in the proposal for a regulation on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market?

If so, given that end consumers and software providers have no voluntary or free choice to pick a trust service provider other than Microsoft, does the Commission still believe that Microsoft falls outside the proposed limitation laid down in Recital 17 of the regulation?

 OJ C 372 E, 19/12/2013
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