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Parliamentary questions
PDF 42kWORD 24k
8 March 2013
Question for written answer E-002752-13
to the Commission
Rule 117
Ildikó Gáll-Pelcz (PPE) , Lívia Járóka (PPE)

 Subject:  Pay discrepancies between men and women
 Answer in writing 

Article 157 of the Treaty on European Union states that each Member State shall ensure that the principle of equal pay for male and female workers for equal work or work of equal value is applied. However, a study by Workania shows that in the EU, women earn on average 17% less than men. As in previous years, the biggest differences are among employees aged between 35 and 44 and among graduates and holders of higher positions. The difference is 25% for the 45-54 age group and 26% for the 35-44 age group. The smallest discrepancy — 11% — can be found among women under 24, most of whom are at the beginning of their careers. In the case of women under 34 the difference is 18%. Nor does a higher education qualification guarantee equal pay: members of the weaker sex who have finished college can expect to be paid 25% less, whilst the figure for those with a university degree is 23%.

The differences are greater among holders of higher positions: whilst women in top managerial posts are paid on average 25% less than their male counterparts, this figure drops to 5% in the case of unskilled workers. In the case of middle managers and in the service sector it is 16% and for office workers 10%.

1. Does the Commission not think that comprehensive EU legislation on pay is needed in order to reverse these negative trends?

2. What methods would the Commission propose to eliminate the gender pay gap at EU level?

Original language of question: HUOJ C 6 E, 10/01/2014
Aviso legal - Política de privacidade