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Parliamentary questions
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16 July 2013
Answer given by Ms Malmström on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-005552/2013

1. Europol is regularly informed about Member States' counter-terrorism activities and in return provides general information on its activities and opinions on trends and developments.

2. Europol is not integrated in the PWGT information network. It does not provide data to that network. Europol uses data from the network when these data are sent to it according the official procedures.

3. There are no particular plans for closer participation. The network is based on a MoU(1), which does not cover issues of liability and accountability, so Europol cannot share operational and personal data with the network.

4. This falls under the responsibility of Member States, which, under the Treaties, have sole responsibility for national security(2), including related police and intelligence work in gathering information and assessing threats. Member States are bound by the Treaties to ensure their intelligence and law enforcement bodies act in a proportionate and responsible way, respecting the rights of citizens and the legitimate security interests of other Member States or the EU as a whole. In this context, the group may have to look at issues relating to extremism, violent extremism, and extremism leading to terrorism.

5. Article 27 of Regulation (EC) 1987/2006 and Art. 40 of Council Decision 2007/533/JHA(3) set out which Member State authorities can search directly, as well as enter, modify or delete an alert in SIS II. The list of such authorities was published(4). It is the decision of the Member State whether a case warrants an alert in SIS II (common Articles 21 of the SIS II legal instruments. The Commission is therefore not in a position to state if an alert was initiated by PWGT.

6. Europol has no information on the storage of PWGT data in other European databases.

(1)Memorandum of Understanding.
(2)Article 4(2) of the TEU and Article 72 and 73 of the TFEU.
(3)On the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II).
(4)OJ C 103, 9.4.2013, p. 1.

OJ C 41 E, 12/02/2014
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