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Parliamentary questions
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24 October 2014
Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Ashton on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-006540/2014

The EU does not have the competency to recognise states, only individual member states do. So far no state has recognised the region of Somaliland as a state.

The EU respects the territorial integrity of Somalia. It highlights the importance of forming federal entities in Somalia and welcomes the outreach by the government in Mogadishu for an inter-regional dialogue to form federal member states. The ongoing constitutional process, which we support, is critical in this context.

The EU and its member states — like the UN and the African Union — consider Somaliland to be a part of Somalia. A permanent solution to the status of Somaliland should be reached through negotiations between the authorities of Somaliland and the Federal Government of Somalia. It is paramount to find a solution which is acceptable to both parties. This will be in the best interest of the people of Somalia, including Somaliland, as well as of the region and the international community. The EU does not seek to influence the outcome of this process. The EU welcomes the dialogue between Somaliland and the Federal Government of Somalia facilitated by Turkey and urges the two sides to find a negotiated solution.

The EU has a substantial engagement in Somalia, including Somaliland. The EU will continue this support in the years to come.

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