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Parliamentary questions
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8 December 2014
E-010315-14
Question for written answer E-010315-14
to the Commission
Rule 130
Francisco Assis (S&D) , Maria João Rodrigues (S&D) , Carlos Zorrinho (S&D) , Elisa Ferreira (S&D) , Ricardo Serrão Santos (S&D) , Ana Gomes (S&D) , Pedro Silva Pereira (S&D) , Liliana Rodrigues (S&D)

 Subject:  Reference to Portugal in the Annual Growth Survey 2015: labour market reforms
 Answer in writing 

The Annual Growth Survey (AGS) for 2015 presents Portugal as an example of ‘effective structural reforms in the Member States’ and refers to ‘a number of labour market reforms between 2011 and 2013’, stating that ‘the unemployment rate declined by about 2 percentage points between 2013 and 2014’.

However, official statistics show that during the third quarter of 2014, Portugal had 688 300 unemployed, 232 000 underemployed and 302 300 people who had stopped looking for work. When added to the 351 000 people who emigrated from the country between 2011 and 2013, this gives a total of 1.57 million people in Portugal without employment.

Given that the Joint Employment Report which accompanies the AGS describes Portugal as a country in which the population has become poorer, with the at-risk-of-poverty and social exclusion rate having increased to 25.8% (European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) 2013) and, in particular, that the Commission has called for European monetary union to increase its social dimension by integrating social and employment indicators at the same level as economic and budgetary ones in the scoreboard on macroeconomic imbalances:

How is the Commission able to point to ‘labour market reforms’ as being exemplary in a country which has lost 30% of its active population?

Original language of question: PT 
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