Parliamentary question - E-001236/2016Parliamentary question

Proposed European Border and Coast Guard (EBCG) and Complaints Mechanism in respect of violation of human rights

Question for written answer E-001236-16
to the Commission
Rule 130
Kostadinka Kuneva (GUE/NGL) , Kostas Chrysogonos (GUE/NGL) , Dimitrios Papadimoulis (GUE/NGL) , Stelios Kouloglou (GUE/NGL) , Marisa Matias (GUE/NGL) , Barbara Spinelli (GUE/NGL) , Martina Anderson (GUE/NGL) , Matt Carthy (GUE/NGL) , Lynn Boylan (GUE/NGL) , Liadh Ní Riada (GUE/NGL) , Neoklis Sylikiotis (GUE/NGL) , Ana Gomes (S&D) , Tania González Peñas (GUE/NGL)

On 15 December 2015, the Commission published a proposal for setting up a European Border and Coast Guard[1] with broad competences for the management of migration flows at the external borders of the EU, even without the consent of the Member States, raising questions regarding serious risks of violation of refugees' fundamental rights, as was previously the case with Frontex. In order to deal with such risks, the draft regulation provides for a Consultative Forum on Fundamental Rights, a Fundamental Rights Officer, and a Complaints Mechanism in respect of violation of rights by its actions (Articles 70, 71, 72)[2].

However, the proposed mechanism is subject to the control of the Fundamental Rights Officer and, through him to the Executive Director of EBCG, for whose decisions there is no guarantee of impartiality and transparency.

1. How will the independence of the Complaints Mechanism of the EBCG be enhanced and monitored?

2. Will the Parliament's LIBE/DROIT Committees be involved, thereby strengthening the democratic profile and credibility of the mechanism?

3. Will the Consultative Forum on Fundamental Rights, bringing together organisations such as the UNHCR and the European FRA, play a decisive role?