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Parliamentary questions
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30 June 2016
Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-003947/2016

In the current Horizon 2020(1) Work Programme, Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) are used in the following areas: Research Infrastructures; Information and Communication Technologies; Nanotechnologies, Advanced Materials, Advanced Manufacturing and Processing and Biotechnology; Space; SMEs; and most of the Societal Challenges(2)(3). The aim is to provide clarity on the positioning of calls and topics and to emphasise the intentions in terms of innovation. This is in line with the increased attention paid to innovation under Horizon 2020.

All calls and topics, including those with high TRLs, are open to applications from universities, according to the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation(4). Horizon 2020 funded actions typically contain a mix of collaborators dealing with different activities along the research and innovation cycle and at different TRLs. Thus, even within projects with high overall TRLs, there will normally be opportunities for the involvement of participants working at lower TRL levels.

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)(5) and its Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs)(6) were set up to enhance Europe's innovation capacity. The KICs run regular calls for researchers and innovators to support the passage from TRL 4 or 5 to TRL 7. As independent public-private partnerships operating in various fields, KICs are autonomous with respect to the setting of their innovation agendas.

The European Research Council (ERC)(7) Work Programme for 2017 will be adopted in July 2016. It will contain all details of future ERC calls and actions for 2017.

(1)The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020).
(4)OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.

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