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Parliamentary questions
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27 June 2016
Question for written answer E-005146-16
to the Commission
Rule 130
Bas Eickhout (Verts/ALE)

 Subject:  Space mining
 Answer in writing 

The American SPACE Act of 2015 allows (American) companies to collect raw materials in space and guarantees them ownership of such raw materials. The United Arab Emirates and Luxembourg are preparing similar legislation.

1. How does the Commission view the SPACE Act — in particular the exercise of sovereignty by granting property rights — in the light of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, which describes space as the common heritage of mankind and prohibits the claim of sovereignty over a celestial body?

2. What is the Commission's stance on the SPACE Act in the light of the EU's proposed international code of conduct on space activities, which underlines respect for the integrity of space objects, with the pledge not to bring harm to any space objects, and which declares that outer space must be used to the common good of all mankind?

3. To prevent conflicts, is the Commission prepared to press for a moratorium on space mining, at least until an international regulation on space mining has been established, in the spirit of the Moon Treaty of 1979 and the seabed provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982?

Original language of question: NL 
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