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Parliamentary questions
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27 February 2017
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-009309/2016

The EU legal framework applied to cross-border family matters consists of Regulation (EC) 2201/2003 (the ‘Brussels IIa regulation’) which covers procedural aspects of cross-border family proceedings. Adoptions, including adoptions without parental consent, are explicitly excluded from the scope of the Brussels IIa regulation and remain the sole responsibility of Member States. Therefore, the proposal for the recast of the regulation adopted on 30 June 2016(1) does not contain any specific measure in this regard.

The Commission notes that Article 21 of the UN Convention on the rights of the child (UNCRC) imposes on Member States to ensure that the best interests of the child are the paramount consideration with regard to adoption. In the same vein, the Commission's proposal requires that any decision concerning a child given under the regulation takes due account of his or her best interests which are interpreted in accordance with Article 24 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

At international level, the Commission supports the correct implementation of the 1993 Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption(2) by participating on a regular basis in the Special Commissions organised in the context of the Hague Conference on Private International Law.

These meetings are aimed at improving the functioning of the Convention and at exchanging best practices.

(2)96 States are already Party to the 1993 Hague Convention, including all EU Member States. More information : https://www.hcch.net/en/instruments/conventions/specialised-sections/intercountry-adoption

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