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Parliamentary questions
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4 August 2017
Answer given by Ms Bieńkowska on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-003554/2017

1. The Commission takes the subsidiarity concerns that have been expressed in the reasoned opinions of the French Sénat and Assemblée Nationale on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions(1) seriously and has provided written replies.

2. In the view of the Commission, the proposal fully respects the principle of subsidiarity. The legal bases (Articles 46, 53(1) and 62 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU) allow for coordinating measures to reach a certain degree of harmonisation of national regulation regarding access to or exercise of professions.

In respect of some professions, this has been achieved already at EU level(2). The current proposal does not aim at such a harmonisation of rules, but merely coordinates how Member States should assess whether requirements that are to be adopted are in line with the principle of proportionality. It does not in any way prejudge the outcome of the national legislative process.

The objective of the proposed Directive is not to regulate or deregulate professions in the health, tourism or other sectors of the economy — this remains a national prerogative. It rather aims at ensuring coherent and consistent compliance by all Member States with existing obligations under EC law that national professional requirements are justified, suitable and necessary.

(1)COM(2016) 822 final.
(2)Directive 2005/36/EC (as last amended by Directive 2013/55/EU) harmonises minimum training requirements for seven professions (doctors, dentists, pharmacists, nurses responsible for general care, midwives, veterinary surgeons and architects).

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