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Parliamentary questions
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11 April 2018
Answer given by Vice-President Mogherini on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-006756/2017

Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) provides for cooperation among Member States with a view to the most demanding missions, in line with the European Union (EU) Treaty provisions, and was established on 11 December 2017. In accordance with Article 46(6) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) decisions and recommendations within the framework of PESCO are taken by unanimity by the Council with votes of the participating Member States only(1). The Commission will be associated to the PESCO proceedings at the Council-level including its preparatory bodies.

The governance rules for the projects are subject to a further Council decision or recommendation, in line with Article 4 of the Council Decision establishing PESCO. Certain projects proposed by Member States in the context of PESCO could benefit from financial research phase and the development phase. The Commission's proposal to the European Parliament and the Council for a regulation establishing the European Defence Industrial Development Programme aiming at supporting the competitiveness and innovative capacity of the EU defence industry envisages that PESCO projects, once theyfulfil the eligibility and selection criteria, could benefit from an increased financial assitance.

Unnecessary duplication with NATO will be avoided through the existing mechanisms of coordination in the development of military capabilities.

Member States participating in PESCO will provide annually national implementation plans which show how they are contributing to fulfilling their more binding commitments. In addition, the new Coordinated Annual Review on Defence (CARD) led by the European Defence Agency will also promote transparency and coordination of national defence spending plans.

The arangements for possible contributions by third states to projects within the Permanent Structured Cooperation will be further developed in line with Article 9 of the Council decision establishing PESCO. The Council conclusions of 13 November 2017 have provided further guidance in this regard, in line with the relevant provisions contained in the joint notification signed on the same day by 23 Member States.

(1)Except for decisions to suspend the participation of a Member State that is not meeting its obligations and to welcome new members — where decisions are taken by qualified majority.

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