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Parliamentary questions
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20 February 2018
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-007227/2017

Regulation 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters applies in Denmark on the basis of the 2005 Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark.

Claims for repayment of students' loans fall under Regulation 1215/2012 only if they relate to civil and commercial matters. Under the CJEU case law (e.g. Cases 49/12, 645/11, 551/15), in order to establish whether proceedings relate to such matters, it is necessary to identify the legal relationship between the parties to the dispute and to examine the basis and the detailed rules governing the bringing of the action.

In principle, proceedings between a public authority and a private person may fall within the scope of the regulation. The crucial factor is whether, in disputes where the Danish authorities seek to recover student loans, the public authority is acting in the exercise of its public powers. This is for the national court to assess.

The Commission is not aware of other Member States experiencing similar problems in recovering similar debt from EU citizens.

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