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Parliamentary questions
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25 April 2018
Answer given by Ms Bieńkowska on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-007868/2017

Regarding the production of a compilation of data on drone-related research, the Commission set up a public database on Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), in order to facilitate the gathering and consolidation of existing information and to increase the transparency of ongoing activities(1). The database includes a dedicated folder on EU funded research and development projects. Stakeholders are invited to contribute to the database(2).

Regarding the human rights impact assessment, for drone-related projects under the EU Framework programmes for research and innovation and the preparatory action on defence research, every single research proposal considered for EU funding is subject to an ethics review. Projects must comply with ethical principles and applicable international, EU and national law. This implies that respect for people and human dignity and fair distribution of the benefits and burden of research are ensured, and that the values, rights and interests of the research participants are protected.

In the pilot project on defence research, there are two related projects: EuroSWARM and TRAWA. EuroSWARM aims to develop key functions for the use of unmanned swarm systems, such as task allocation, resource management, sensor fusion and network. TRAWA aims to contribute to the development of standards for a detect-and-avoid system usable on drones. After completion of those projects, the Commission may assess their impact, including with regard to human rights aspects. The Commission may also check the compliance of the projects with legal obligations under applicable EU, international and national law.

(2)Public information can be sent to grow-uas@ec.europa.eu.

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