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Parliamentary questions
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3 September 2018
Question for written answer E-004464-18
to the Commission
Rule 130
Ramon Tremosa i Balcells (ALDE) , Josep-Maria Terricabras (Verts/ALE)

 Subject:  Far-right violence in Catalonia and legality of apologetics for fascism and Francoism
 Answer in writing 

On 16 July 2018, Jordi Borràs, a Catalan photojournalist and expert on far-right movements, was attacked in the street by a Spanish police officer in Barcelona. The attacker showed his police badge and shouted: ‘Viva España y viva Franco!’.

The Spanish police authorities have not opened an investigation even though the attacker has been identified(1). The police officer was in possession of a knife at the moment of the attack.

Since September 2017, there have been dozens of attacks(2) by far-right militants, as reported by Jordi Borràs(3).

Meanwhile hundreds of people have protested against the exhumation of General Franco’s remains from the Valle de Los Caídos (Valley of the Fallen), many of them accompanying their protests with fascist salutes(4).

However, no judicial steps have been taken to bring the organisers before a court on grounds of apologetics for fascism. The Francoist regime was born out of a coup d’état against the legitimate government of the Spanish Republic, and researchers have concluded that, in addition to the civil war deaths, Francoism was responsible for executing at least 220 000 people(5).

Is the Commission aware of the increase in attacks of a far-right nature by militants and Spanish police officers in Catalonia?

Does the Commission believe that Francoism should fall under the category of ‘genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes’ as defined in Article 1 of Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008?

If so, does the Commission believe that fascist salutes should be forbidden in public spaces?


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