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Parliamentary questions
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21 February 2019
E-006028/2018(ASW)
Answer given by Mr Hogan on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-006028/2018

1. The legal proposals for the future Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reinforce the links to health policy, in particular as regards healthy diets and the decrease of the use of anti-microbials. For the first time, the CAP will have a specific health and food-related objective, encouraging Member States to take concrete actions.

The new system of conditionality will improve the current greening and cross-compliance system covering basic standards on environment, food safety, animal and plant health and animal welfare, which are part of the baseline for CAP payments. CAP payments for commitments beyond the legal baseline will be available for health-related purposes such as the sustainable use of fertiliser and pesticides, animal health and welfare. The CAP proposal also includes enlarging the scope of the farm advisory system, notably to farming practices beneficial for environment and health such as reducing the development of antimicrobial resistance.

Moreover, the EU school scheme promotes the consumption of fruit/vegetables and milk among children and encourages healthy eating habits.

2. The State of Health in the EU(1) monitors at regular intervals the health status of Europeans including from a risk factors perspective. The initiative relies on a shortlist of 88 European Core Health Indicators (ECHI)(2). In addition to an important set of indicators on health status, some health determinants indicators are also implemented like for example Body Mass Index (ECHI 42) or fruit and vegetable consumption (ECHI 49 & 50).

Regarding the EU monitoring on Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)(3), the obesity rate is an indicator for Goal 2 ‘Zero hunger’ and serves as a multi-purpose indicator for Goal 3 ‘Health and well-being’.

(1)https://ec.europa.eu/health/state/summary_en
(2)https://ec.europa.eu/health/indicators/echi/list_en
(3)https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/sdi/overview

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