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Parliamentary questions
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2 May 2019
Answer given by Ms Jourová on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000558/2019

The Commission has set up and tasked a High Level Expert Group with the development of ethics guidelines for the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). As indicated in its communication on Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence(1) the Commission welcomes the input prepared by the AI High Level Expert Group and based on the key requirements for AI to be considered trustworthy, the Commission will launch a targeted piloting phase to ensure that the resulting ethical guidelines for AI development and use can be implemented in practice. The Commission will also work to forge a broad societal consensus on human-centric AI, including with all involved stakeholders and international partners. The Commission has launched a study on the use of algorithmic decision-making and related policy initiatives in the Member States.

The Commission is also analysing whether AI, robots and the Internet of Things (IoT) pose challenges to the current regulatory framework for safety and liability. An expert group was set up(2) in order to assess whether the liability frameworks are fit for purpose in light of the new technologies. As announced in its communication on Artificial Intelligence for Europe(3) the Commission is working on a report on the challenges posed by AI to the safety and liability frameworks and a guidance document on the implementation of the Product Liability Directive(4).

The Commission promotes fundamental rights and monitors the respect of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, including with regard to AI.

The processing of personal data with AI must fully respect the rules laid down in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)(5). The GDPR ensures the right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing.

(1)COM(2019) 168 final.
(3)COM (2018) 237.
(4)Council Directive 85/374/EEC of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products OJ L 210, 7.8.1985, p. 29‐33.
(5)Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation), OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1‐88.

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