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Parliamentary questions
PDF 43kWORD 19k
13 February 2019
E-000854-19
Question for written answer E-000854-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Jiří Pospíšil (PPE)

 Subject:  Dolphinariums operating in the EU
 Answer in writing 

Dolphinariums operate in many EU countries, and most of them are licensed as zoos. Therefore, under Council Directive 1999/22/EC (relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos), they should be protecting wildlife, preserving biodiversity, carrying out scientific activities or educating the public.

However, research carried out in 2011 by the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS) showed that most dolphins are used primarily for the commercial purpose of providing entertainment, and only 12% of dolphin performances have educational elements beyond their entertainment purpose(1). Most of these facilities are operated as private commercial companies whose primary purpose is to generate profits.

1. Does the Commission know the current status of dolphinariums in the EU? Have the conditions for the operation of European dolphinariums changed since 2011 to better comply with the requirements of Council Directive 1999/22/EC? 2. Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein prohibits the import of wild cetaceans into the EU that were captured primarily for commercial purposes. However, according to the Dolphinaria-Free Europe (DFE) organisation, in practice wild cetaceans — allegedly imported into the EU for scientific purposes — are also sadly being put on display in commercial dolphinariums. Does the Commission consider this to be a problem? If so, does it intend to address it?

(1)https://oceancare.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Report_Delphinarien_WDC_EU-Zoo-Inquiry_EN_2011.pdf

Original language of question: CS 
Last updated: 5 March 2019Legal notice