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Parliamentary questions
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1 April 2019
Question for written answer E-001567-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Nadine Morano (PPE)

 Subject:  GAFA tax
 Answer in writing 

A study by the Institut Économic Molinari shows that Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon (GAFA), which it is often claimed do not pay much tax in Europe, do in fact pay corporation tax on their profits at a rate of 24%, i.e. the same as European enterprises.

The study contradicts the Commission’s figures (profits taxed at only 9%), which were apparently taken from a study by PwC/ZEW (PricewaterhouseCoopers and the Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research) which included tax credits for research and development, activities which in their case seem mainly to take place outside of Europe.

The contrast between the two studies prompts serious concerns as to whether imposing surtaxes on the GAFA companies’ turnover on the grounds that this corrects a tax injustice is really necessary given that, when it comes to it, this injustice may not even exist.

Moreover, the French Government is contradicting itself on this issue with Bruno Le Maire, France’s Minister for the Economy and Finances, being in favour of this surtax (without, however, having managed to convince his EU opposite numbers of this), while his Secretary of State Mounir Mahjoubi describes it as ‘the worst solution’.

In this context:

Could the Commission clarify and provide sources for its estimates of the taxes paid by the GAFA companies in Europe?

Original language of question: FR 
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