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Parliamentary questions
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2 July 2019
Answer given by Ms Thyssen on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001907/2019

A study published in 2017 estimated that undeclared work constitutes about 14.3% of gross value added (GVA) and 9.3% of total labour input in the private sector in the EU, with large variation across countries(1).

The European Platform tackling undeclared work was launched in 2016 to enhance Member States’ cooperation in tackling undeclared work, under Decision (EU) 2016/344. This EU-level forum allows different actors (including social partners and Member States’ enforcement bodies — labour, tax and social security authorities) to develop additional knowledge and evidence, whilst learning from each other and engaging in closer cross-border cooperation. The Platform’s Biennial Report 2017-2018 and current work programme(2) provide additional information. Following the Commission’s proposal, the European Platform tackling undeclared work will be integrated into the European Labour Authority.

Fighting undeclared work is also addressed within Employment Guideline 7(3). In 2019, the Commission proposed a Country Specific Recommendation on undeclared work for Italy.

(1)Williams, C.C., Horodnic, I.A., Bejakovic, P., Mikulic. D.,Franic, J., Kedir, A. (2017) An evaluation of the scale of undeclared work in the European Union and its structural determinants: estimates using the Labour Input Method (LIM), available on http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=18799&langId=en
(2)Available on: https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=1299&langId=en
(3)Council Decision (EU) 2018/1215 of 16 July 2018 on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States.

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