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Parliamentary questions
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18 April 2019
Question for written answer E-002012-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Mara Bizzotto (ENF)

 Subject:  Establishing a ‘European Day of Remembrance’ to commemorate the victims of the Foibe massacres
 Answer in writing 

Between the second half of 1943 and 1947, in the parts of Istria and Dalmatia which were then Italian territory, the Popular Committees for the Liberation of Yugoslavia committed acts of violence against Italian-speakers and Istro-Venetian dialect speakers, which led to the death of more than ten thousand people. These massacres took place in labour camps set up by Communist troops and near natural karstic cavities known as ‘foibe’, as well as in the well at the Basovizza mine. Subsequently, as a result of the transfer of the Venezia Giulia region from Italy to Yugoslavia by the Peace Treaty of 10 February 1947, about 300 000 people from Istria, Fiume and Dalmatia who were speakers of Italian and Istro-Venetian dialect were driven from their homes and forced to leave. These appalling events caused very serious suffering, and commemorating them is a moral duty.

1. Will the Commission consider instituting a ‘European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Foibe Massacres’, and scheduling it for 10 February?

2. Will the Commission support Member States in promoting awareness campaigns in memory of the sufferings of the Italians and all the victims of the Foibe massacres?

Original language of question: IT 
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