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Parliamentary questions
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17 July 2019
Question for written answer E-002304-19
to the Commission
Rule 130
Theresa Griffin (S&D) , Jude Kirton-Darling (S&D) , Julie Ward (S&D)

 Subject:  Environmental refugees
 Answer in writing 

The number of environmental refugees is expected to increase to 200 million by 2050. Some countries are exceptionally vulnerable to climate change and it is therefore crucial to think ahead and find efficient, long-lasting solutions for these countries and the people currently living there. For instance, Bangladesh may lose approximately 11% of its land as sea levels rise and it has been estimated that by 2050, one in every seven people will be displaced in Bangladesh due to the environmental impacts of climate change.

The consequences of climate change are almost unstoppable, but as stands, environmental migrants do not fall under the legal definition of ‘refugees’ and are therefore denied the protection and rights granted to those with ‘refugee’ status. In that regard:
1. What is the EU’s position on expanding the definition of refugees to include those forced to escape environmental damage?
2. How is the Commission addressing the plight of environmental refugees who lack adequate protection and access to basic human rights, in particular women and children?
3. What bilateral dialogues with third countries, such as Bangladesh, are taking place to ensure that persons displaced by climate change will receive support through EU projects?
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