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Parliamentary questions
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1 October 2019
E-003051-19
Question for written answer E-003051-19
to the Commission
Rule 138
Seán Kelly (PPE)

 Subject:  Type approval of e-bikes
 Answer in writing 

Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two‐ or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles provides that all electric bicycles except those with a maximum speed of 25 km/h and a continuous rated motor output of 250 W are subject to type approval. These levels, therefore, are the maximum power levels for electric bicycles in the EU.

Other jurisdictions, such as the United States, consider ‘low-speed electric bicycles’ to be those with a motor output of less than 750 W and a maximum speed of 20 mph/32 km/h. These are, therefore, not considered to be motor vehicles.

E-bikes offer an important low-carbon and sustainable means of transport, and open up possibilities for older people. The current horsepower restrictions, however, may reduce the viability of e-bikes, particularly in hilly regions.

1. Can the Commission offer an explanation for the EU’s comparatively lower horsepower limits for e-bikes?2. Can the Commission provide information on any plans to revise Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 particularly given the pressing need for additional low-carbon transport solutions?

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