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Parliamentary questions
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20 January 2020
Answer given by Ms Johansson
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-003272/2019

As appears from Article 41 of Regulation (EU) 2016/399 (the Schengen Borders Code), special rules apply to travel between Ceuta and Melilla and the remainder of the Spanish territory.

Travellers are subject to checks on identity and documents, with the aim of verifying whether they still satisfy the entry conditions as checked at external borders. If in the context of such a check a doubt arises concerning the authenticity of a travel document, the Spanish authorities have to take measures to clarify, following the rules prescribed by national law.

Article 8(2)(b) second subparagraph of the Schengen Borders Code(1) obliges Member States to check, in case of doubt, at least one of the biometric identifiers integrated into the passports and travel documents (either facial image or fingerprints) of persons enjoying the right of free movement under Union law. Currently 14 Member States exchange the certificates needed to access the fingerprints stored on the passport chip; Spain is not among them.

In the absence of Union law rules in this regard, the means of redress available to a person subject to checks, including the deadline within which a claim for redress can be launched, are determined by national law. The latter must respect the general principles of Union law, such as the principles of proportionality, equivalence and effectiveness.

Equivalence meaning that the means of redress must not be less favourable than those available in purely domestic contexts, and effectiveness meaning that the rights granted by Union law must be effectively protected.

(1)As modified by Regulation (EU) 2017/458 as regards the reinforcement of checks against relevant databases at external borders — https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1534847046515&uri=CELEX:02016R0399-20170407
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