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Parliamentary questions
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17 January 2020
 E-003402/2019
Answer given by Mr Gentiloni
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-003402/2019

According to the political guidelines(1) of the President of the Commission, the revision of the Energy Taxation Directive (ETD)(2) is considered as a priority for the new Commission in the framework of the European Green Deal. The current Directive includes a mandatory tax exemption for the taxation of the energy products used in international aviation (although the directive already allows Member States to limit this exemption and apply the tax on fuels used for domestic flights unilaterally and for intra-EU flights if a bilateral agreement is signed between the Member States concerned). This is considered a subsidy to fossil fuels.

The preparation of any possible legislative proposal to revise the ETD will have to be accompanied by a thorough Impact Assessment, as required by the Commission’s Better Regulation Guidelines(3). In particular, the impact assessment will consider the following issues:

1. Taxation of the aviation sector could affect EU regions to varying degrees. Therefore the possible negative economic impacts that could occur in peripheral and island regions where transport is more reliant on aviation will be investigated and quantified. The impact assessment shall also identify ways to mitigate the possible negative impacts.

2. The possible economic and social impacts of potential policy measures will be assessed for the economy in general and the tourism industry in particular.

(1)https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/political-guidelines-next-commission_en.pdf
(2)Directive 2003/96/EC.
(3)https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/better-regulation-guidelines.pdf
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