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Parliamentary questions
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3 February 2020
Answer given by Ms Kyriakides
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-004038/2019

The approval of pymetrozine was not renewed due to safety concerns, in particular the contamination of groundwater with toxicologically relevant metabolites(1). The decision was based on the Conclusion(2) of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) following a comprehensive scientific assessment based on a number of representative uses applied for by the applicant.

The assessment considered the use on tomatoes and aubergines grown in greenhouses. However, for those uses the consumer risk assessment could not be completed, apart from the concern related to groundwater contamination.

The Commission can approve an active substance subject to conditions and restrictions, in order to reduce the risks associated with its use, and does so when such restrictions can address identified concerns or risks. This was not the case for pymetrozine.

Assessments carried out by Member States and EFSA take into account realistic conditions of use, which can include the latest technological developments, if relevant information is submitted by the applicant. The Commission is also working with EFSA and Member States to develop a common understanding of the efficacy of risk mitigation measures that ensure that products can be used in a manner that is safe for humans, animals and the environment .

The Commission will re-examine pymetrozine if a producer submits a new application for approval of the substance and can provide the necessary data to address the concerns and data gaps identified by EFSA.

(1)It was not demonstrated that the metabolites do not share the same properties as pymetrozine, which has a harmonised classification in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 as carcinogenic Category c and toxic for reproduction Category c.
(2)EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2014. Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance pymetrozine. EFSA Journal 2014;12(9):3817, 102 pp. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3817.
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