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Parliamentary questions
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30 November 2019
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Monika Beňová
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Turkey’s invasion of Syria

On 24 September 2019, during a speech at the UN General Assembly, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan presented the concept of a safe zone – a peace corridor that Turkey would use to house 2 million of the some 3.6 million Syrian refugees situated on its territory. The intention was for the safe zone to stretch for 30 km along the 400 km border with Syria.

The United States decided to withdraw its armed forces from the Northern Syria border region on 7 October 2019. As a result, a Turkish invasion was almost instantaneous: the Turkish army began its incursion into Northern Syria on 9 October, proceeded quickly, and by 11 October had a significant portion of the border region under its control. On 17 October, the Turkish military agreed to US demands to cease its offensive in Northern Syria. Both the European Parliament and the Council have condemned the actions of President Erdoğan.

What sanction mechanisms can the Commission propose in order to dissuade Turkey from persisting with its occupation of Northern Syria?

What is the Commission’s position on the aforementioned safe zone?

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