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Parliamentary questions
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26 March 2020
Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000170/2020

Under the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive(1), when an EIA procedure is carried out, the EIA report must include a description of the likely significant effects of the project on the environment resulting from the cumulation of effects with other existing and/or approved projects(2). EIAs also need to include an assessment of the effects of projects on biodiversity, with particular attention to species and habitats protected under Directive 92/43/EEC and Directive 2009/147/EC(3).

The examination of the information presented in the environmental impact assessment report and any supplementary information provided, where necessary, by the developer, is the responsibility of the national competent authorities.

It should be noted that the EIA Directive contains specific access to justice provisions(4) ensuring that remedies are available at national level in case of projects authorised in breach of the provisions of the directive. National administrative and judicial authorities are best placed to investigate such circumstances and, if necessary, take the necessary actions to ensure compliance with EC law.

This seems to be the case in relation to the situation referred to by the Honourable Member, as the project has been referred to the Italian judicial authorities. The Commission will follow up on the developments and, if necessary, it will raise this matter in its dialogue with the Italian authorities.

(1)Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment, as amended by Directive 2014/52/EU.
(2)Annex IV(5)(e) of Directive 2011/92/EU as amended.
(3)Article 3(1)(b) of Directive 2011/92/EU as amended.
(4)Article 11 of Directive 2011/92/EU as amended.
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