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Parliamentary questions
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16 January 2020
E-000248/2020
Question for written answer
to the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Rule 138
Jude Kirton-Darling
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Bahrain’s High Criminal Court of Appeals upholds death sentences

On 8 January 2020, Bahrain’s High Criminal Court of Appeals upheld the death sentences of the pro-democracy activists Mohamad Ramadan and Hussain Moosa. Both men were originally convicted in an unfair trial that used evidence obtained through their torture. In October 2018, Bahrain’s Court of Cassation overturned their convictions and ordered a case review after being forced to consider new torture evidence, including medical reports documenting torture allegations. However, their conviction was confirmed and they are now at risk of imminent execution.

Mr Ramadhan and Mr Moosa are not the only individuals facing the death penalty in Bahrain. Capital punishment resumed in January 2017 after a seven-year de facto moratorium with the execution of three torture victims. The executions were condemned by the UN as extrajudicial killings. Capital punishment was again handed down in July 2019, this time to Bahraini citizens Ali al-Arab and Ahmad al-Malali and a citizen from Bangladesh.  There remain eight political prisoners at risk of imminent execution in Bahrain, all legal remedies having been exhausted.

What action will the EU take in relation to the cases of Mohamad Ramadan and Hussain Moosa?

Has the EU raised concerns with Bahrain regarding its use of the death penalty?

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