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Parliamentary questions
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25 March 2020
 E-000323/2020
Answer given by Mr Hogan
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000323/2020

The Commission closely monitors Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and assesses their benefits for the European Union. For each negotiated agreement, before its entry into force, the Commission publishes an Economic Analysis of Negotiated Outcomes with the expected long-term gains. This has been done for FTAs with Singapore, Japan and Canada.

Once an agreement has been in force for at least one year, the Commission starts monitoring its qualitative and quantitative benefits, among which are trade dynamics and the utilisation of preferences. The results are published in the ‘Report on Implementation of EU Free Trade Agreements’(1). The latest one (2019) included the assessment of the EU-Canada FTA. The assessment of the first year of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) will be included in the next report (2020) and similarly for Singapore, the benefits will start to be assessed after the first year of implementation.

Finally, after approximately five years of implementation, the Commission carries out qualitative and quantitative ex-post evaluations of its agreements. These include the economic, social and environmental impacts of the agreements on the EU and are carried out by external contractors that assess the impact of the implementation of trade agreements.

The Commission’s Directorate General for Trade does not assess the impact of each agreement on each Member State separately, due to a number of data and methodological limitations in its ex-ante and ex-post studies. Nonetheless, close attention is paid to the monitoring and implementation efforts at individual Member State and sectoral trade performance.

(1)https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/1bbb43a4-f540-11e9-8c1f-01aa75ed71a1
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