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Parliamentary questions
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3 February 2020
Question for written answer  E-000616/2020
to the Commission
Rule 138
Nadine Morano (PPE)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Climate refugees

On 21 January 2020, the UN Human Rights Committee issued a consultative opinion which may pave the way for the introduction of the legal status of climate refugee. The opinion suggests, for example, that States should not return unsuccessful asylum seekers to a country where their lives would be endangered by climate change. It also makes it clear that persons who cite climate change as the reason for seeking asylum would not be required to prove that they would in fact face imminent harm if they were returned to their country.

According to the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, by 2100 some 187 million people could be displaced as a result of a 2.4 metre rise in ocean levels.

It is easy to imagine, therefore, the scale of the wave of migration which could soon be triggered by recognition of climate refugee status, at a time when the European Union, and France, are already having to cope with an influx of migrants.

It would be particularly unfair if this wave of ‘climate-related’ migration were to reach the European Union, as Europe is the most virtuous continent and has been at the forefront of the fight against climate change, through the enforcement of strict and binding standards.

Against this background:

What is the Commission’s position on the proposal to grant climate refugee status?

Original language of question: FR
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