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Parliamentary questions
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30 April 2020
Answer given by Mr Gentiloni
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001108/2020

Under the EU listing process(1), Turkey was required to comply with several criteria. By the end of 2018, it had already met its commitments to sign and ratify the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance (MAC) and to eliminate its harmful regimes. Member States agreed to await the outcome of the Global Forum review before assessing its compliance with another transparency criterion, related to its Global Forum rating.

The final criterion which Turkey had committed to related to the automatic exchange of information. Turkey had to notify all EU Member States as exchange partners to the OECD, by 31 December 2019. By the time the list was updated in February 2020, Turkey had notified 27 Member States as exchange partners, as required, but indicated that it would start the exchanges with five of these Member States at a later stage. It explained that this delay was due to data quality and protection issues.

Member States decided, based on a technical assessment, to give Turkey until the end of 2020 to make tangible progress in the effective implementation of the automatic exchange of information with all Member States including Cyprus, which has since notified Turkey as an intended exchange partner to the OECD.

Some other jurisdictions were also given more time to deliver on their commitments, if they were deemed to have made genuine efforts and sufficient progress by the deadline.

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