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Parliamentary questions
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20 May 2020
Answer given by Mr Várhelyi
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001446/2020

Bosnia and Herzegovina hosts around 100 000 refugees and internally displaced persons following the conflict, of which 8 547 live in collective centres and alternative accommodation. In 2010, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a Revised Strategy(1) for the implementation of Annex VII(2) to the Dayton Peace Agreements on the right of refugees and displaced persons to return freely, which is not yet fully implemented.

This Strategy includes measures to meet the housing needs and close the collective centres, as well as to ensure access to economic and social rights.

Bosnia and Herzegovina should step up efforts to fulfil its obligations under Annex VII. With the aim of fulfilling the objectives of the Revised Strategy, the government is planning to conduct the analysis of the actual needs of returnees, displaced persons and their families across the country in order to define need-based interventions in various sectors. The Commission is providing financial assistance to the authorities to prepare this needs-assessment.

Bosnia and Herzegovina also cooperates closely with Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia in the Regional Housing Programme (RHP)(3). The EU is the largest donor of this programme with a contribution of around EUR 236 million. As part of this programme, 1 450 housing units have already been constructed or reconstructed in the country, of which approximately 450 in 2019.

The EU also cooperates with other donors to support the country in addressing the needs of returnees and internally displaced persons for example via the CEB2 project ‘Closing of collective centres’, financed by the Council of Europe Development Bank.(4) Both the RHP and the CEB2 projects also benefit internally displaced persons from the Srebrenica area.

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