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Parliamentary questions
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15 April 2020
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Mathilde Androuët
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Storage and protection of IT data in the European Union

The Cloud Act gives the United States the legal means to force European companies to supply data stored on their servers, including those located abroad, should a writ be served. It allows data to be gathered directly by cloud services, hence by the GAFA digital giants.

Nowadays, 60 % of data around the world is stored by American or Chinese companies, a fact that, at its root, poses a problem of sovereignty. The Commission has expressed its intention of taking up that challenge. It is now seven years since the announcement that a group of experts would be set up to speed up the creation of a European cloud.

During the past decade, American suppliers of cloud services invested EUR 138 billion, doubling the size of their infrastructure every year. In 2016, EUR 3.2 billion was invested in the European Union in the field of artificial intelligence, while EUR 12.1 billion was invested in the United States and EUR 6.5 billion in Asia.

In the EU, it seems likely that figures will be revised downwards in the ongoing negotiations on the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. How much will be approved for building a European ecosystem in this strategic field?

Original language of question: FR
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